MeTA - Multi-stakeholder working

Improving the availability of medicines is a complex area of work that involves many different interest groups who see problems and solutions only from their own perspective. Bringing together the people and organisations that can make change happen, hold each other to account and hold others to account is an important part of the MeTA process.

For a multi-stakeholder approach to be effective it needs to function in a creative and open manner, as a ‘neutral space’ where all participants have a voice and can develop a shared understanding of the problem and agree ways of working together. The resources in this key list are useful tools that may help in developing multi-stakeholder processes.

We will add to this key list over time and would welcome suggestions or additions. Please send these to: sourceassistant@hi-uk.org

Selected resources

Books, reports, etc

Choosing stakeholders for a policy consultative process

THEURI, Daniel
et al
December 2008

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This paper discusses the importance of selecting the right stakeholders to be involved in a multi-stakeholder initiative and the rationale for using market-mapping as a tool to identify them. The Policy Innovation Systems for Clean Energy Security (PISCES) is a five-year research programme consortium set up to develop new knowledge for the sustainable use of bioenergy to improve energy access and livelihoods in poor communities

Civil society in Uganda : at the crossroads?

DEVELOPMENT NETWORK OF INDIGENOUS VOLUNTARY ASSOCIATIONS (DENIVA)
June 2006

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This report provides useful and relevant knowledge on the state of civil society and increases the capacity and commitment of civil society stakeholders to strengthen Ugandan civil society, by mapping the structure, environment, values and impact of the NGO Sector in Uganda. It is also intended to contribute towards improving the quality of these structures, and of credibility and policy advocacy activities for a vibrant, active and independent civil society that will command respect among other stakeholders in development and governance activities in Uganda. The study was part of an international initiative, the Civil Society Index (CSI) project, coordinated by CIVICUS: World Alliance for Citizen Participation

Claiming Citizenship

ID21
July 2007

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This resource focuses on the need to build inclusive citizenship and democracies and the importance of accountability for democracy, citizenship and rights . Many citizens are disillusioned with government and democracy. Corruption, state failures to respond to poor people’s needs and a lack of connection between citizens and elected representatives and bureaucrats are major concerns. At the same time, citizens are challenging corporations and global institutions to be more responsible

CSO capacity for policy engagement : lessons learned from the CSPP consultations in Africa, Asia and Latin America

CHOWDHURY, Naved
FINLAY-NOTMAN, Chelsie
HOVLAND, Ignie
August 2006

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This paper explore the views of Southern civil society organisations (CSOs) on the issues of evidence-based policy engagement and came out of the Civil Society Partnerships Programme (CSPP). "During its first phase the CSPP conducted a series of consultative seminars and workshops in Africa, Asia and Latin America. The aim was to provide a forum for representatives from policy research institutions and non-governmental organisations (NGOs), as well as other stakeholders, to come together. Participants discussed the opportunities and challenges for CSOs when using evidence to inform policy, presented lessons and best practice in this area, shared experiences about ongoing activities and identified opportunities for collaborative work"

Democratic dialogue : a handbook for practitioners

PRUITT, Bettye
THOMAS, Philip
2007

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In acknowledging the important role dialogue processes can play in advancing peace, human development and democratic governance, a number of organisations came together to develop this methodological tool. It's aim is to help dialogue practitioners carry out their work in a more systematised way. This handbook is also available in Spanish

DFID and the private sector : working with the private sector to eliminate poverty

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
December 2005

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Strong economic growth is key to the elimination of poverty. DFID considers that it has a clear priority in helping developing countries create the conditions which can nurture and sustain economic growth - and the development of the private sector is central to this because it is a major provider of essential services to poor people in developing countries

Empowering civil society

DEUTSCHE GESELLSCHAFT FUR TECHNISCHE ZUSAMMENARBEIT (GTZ)
June 2007

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This booklet looks at the role of civil society organisations (CSOs) in global health financing processes. It describes the strengths of these organisations as well as the challenges they are facing at the national and local level. The section also identifies technical support available to help civil society organisations act and participate effectively in the structures and processes of global financing

Enhancing learning through evaluation : approaches, dilemmas and some possible ways forward

CARLSSON, Charlotte
ENGEL, Paul G H
2002

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"This paper sketches three progressively more inclusive ways to look at mainstreaming learning for development. The first emphasises improving feedback to development policy and planning, the second organisational learning and the third societal learning. For each of these, some of the main sources and developments are briefly highlighted. Next, a number of dilemmas are discussed that emerge from an increased emphasis on learning through evaluations. Finally, the question is asked how difficult, or even feasible, it is to match each of the different approaches with mainstream evaluation practice. Finally, the paper offers a number of challenges for further action and inquiry"

Health care access of the very poor in Kenya

SOHANI, Salim B
2005

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This paper reviews a model of health care delivery for the poorest, developed in Kenya. "It illustrates that a pro-poor health system can be developed if the true representatives of the poorest are enabled to participate in health care delivery, and good governance and proper systems are established...With the active involvement of the community in a mutually supportive manner, the utilisation of services and access to basic health care for the poorest can be improved"

Improving the human rights performance of business through multi-stakeholder initiatives : summary report

December 2007

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This is a summary report on consultation of the UN Special Representative on business & human rights. "The consultation, convened by the Clean Clothes Campaign and hosted by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands in The Hague, brought some of the leading multi-stakeholder initiatives together with representatives from business, government, and civil society to address two interrelated objectives: first, to identify 'good', if not necessarily 'best', practices in the governance of multi-stakeholder initiatives, and second, to identify criteria for credible and effective implementation of supply chain codes of conduct"

Making health communication programs work

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE
2002

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This handbook presents key principles and steps in developing and evaluating health communication program for the public, patients, and health professionals. It expands upon and replaces two earlier publications titled Pretesting in Health Communications and Making PSA's Work. Referring primarily to the context of the United States, the guide discusses specific steps in program development and includes examples of their use. Sources of additional information on each subject are included at the end of the chapters

Making space for citizens : broadening the ‘new democratic spaces’ for citizen participation

INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT STUDIES (IDS)
March 2006

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This briefing takes a closer look at examples of 'new democratic spaces' in a number of very different countries, which seek to extend the range and scope of opportunities for citizen participation. It argues that if they are to avoid becoming just another set of one-size-fits-all models, much more attention needs to be paid to key contextual factors as well as to institutional design. It concludes with some practical lessons on dealing with the key challenges which ‘new democratic spaces’ pose for policymakers and for citizen representatives

Mapping political context : a toolkit for civil society organisations

NASH, Robert
HUDSON, Alan
LUTTERELL, Cecilia
July 2006

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This comprises of a range of tools that civil society organisations (CSOs) can use to understand and map political context, in order to engage more effectively in policy processes. The tools have been selected because they cover a wide variety of political dimensions. As such, they provide a menu of different approaches to mapping political context; CSOs and others can select from this menu and make use of the tools according to their own needs

Multi-stakeholder processes for governance and sustainability : beyond deadlock and conflict

HEMMATI, Minu
et al
2002

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"This book is about how people and organisations from very different backgrounds can work together in an increasingly complex political, social and economic environment.... "[It] puts forward a framework for designing multi-stakeholder processes (MSPs), aiming to contribute to the advancement of such mechanisms as will produce practical solutions. MSPs seem a promising path, both around (inter)governmental processes and independent of them"

Multistakeholder initiatives to combat money laundering and bribery

PIETH, Mark
2006

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This paper follows up on two examples of ‘multi-stakeholder initiatives’ and discusses their creation, the respective political and legal context. It provides some details about their operation in order to analyse them as current examples of the role of non-state actors in regulation. and also addresses some of the critique leveled against these initiatives and discusses the challenges

New Partnerships for EFA : building on experience

DRAXLER, Alexandra
2008

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Early in 2007, UNESCO and the World Education Forum launched a new programme, ‘Partnerships for Education’ (PfE). PfE aims to create a global coalition among multi-stakeholder partnerships for education (MSPEs) in order to advance toward the objectives of Education for All (EFA)

Participation and the right to the hightest attainable standard of health

POTTS, Helen
2008

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Participation has wide application in the context of the right to the highest attainable standard of health. In this introduction to participation and the right to health, the principal focus is placed on participation in the development of health policy to illustrate how active and informed participation can take place. This report includes background on the work of the Participation and Practice of Rights Project and the residents of the Seven Towers

Partnerships in practice

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
December 2008

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This booklet aims to contribute to improved understanding of partnerships, including what they can achieve as well as challenges to effective partnerships. It focuses on partnerships in HIV & AIDS and education and draws on a range of global, regional and national experience to: * Provide a brief overview of the role of partnerships and why they are important. * Discuss the different types of partnerships that have been established. * Highlight ways that partnerships can contribute to UNESCO's Education For All programme and universal access to prevention programmes, treatment, care and support. * Summarise lessons learned about partnerships

The partnering toolbook

TENNYSON, Ros
2003

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This publication is in three parts: Part 1 is a short book that describes the generic partnering process from inception to conclusion. Part 2 is in the form of ‘stand alone’ tools to enable practitioners to develop effective partnerships. Part 3 includes more information about the Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), the issues around food fortification and case studies selected to be locally appropriate for each of the different language versions

The World Bank participation sourcebook

BHATNAGAR, Bhuvan
KEARNS, James
SEQUEIRA, Debra
February 1996

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This sourcebook is to support participatory processes in economic and social development. It includes a section of reflections on participation as well as shared experiences; practice pointers in participatory learning and decision-making; and in enabling the poor to participate

Virtual change : indicators for assessing the impact of ICTs in development

FEEK, Warren
2009

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New ways of working and approaches to technology have led communication for development specialists to re-examine the social embeddedness of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and how we assess their impact. The earliest discourse on ICTs for development focused on the issue of access and capacity building (and latterly content) However, in some areas the ICT revolution served only to widen existing economic and social gaps prompting communication for development specialists and others to argue that that if the opportunities offered by ICTs are to be realised, poor people must be active determinants of the process, not just passive onlookers or consumers. Access and use of ICTs are relevant therefore to the degree that they enable people to participate in and influence society

Journal articles

The role of partnerships in health equity

TUTU, Desmond
November 2008

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This commentary sees working in partnership as key to tackling the disparity in access to health care throughout the world. It cites the Medical Knowledge Institute's programmes for addressing HIV in Africa as an example of successful partnerships.

Towards equitable access to medicines for the rural poor : analyses of insurance claims reveal rural pharmacy initiative triggers price competition in Kyrgyzstan

WANING, Brenda
et al
December 2009

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This article examines medicines price competition that ensued in a rural village in Kyrgyzstan after the opening of a small network of non-profit pharmacies created and managed by an NGO. While the rural pharmacies were created to increase access to medicines in villages where no pharmacies existed, the project had unexpected, substantial spillover effects, spurring medicines price reductions in pharmacies quite far away

Websites

Community problem-solving : strategy for a changing world

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This is a learning space for people and organisations from the public, not-for-profit and private sectors which offers information to support problem solving when working in a multi-stakeholder group. The site contains strategy tools, to help approach issues and work with other stakeholders more effectively, and programme tools, for responding to specific, substantive problems by learning what works and what does not work in a given area (e.g. housing, health, education, etc.)