Mainstreaming HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS permeate all areas of life in affected communities. Responding to the epidemic requires institutionalising and integrating concern for people affected by or living with the virus throughout government and civil society. HIV and AIDS mainstreaming follows the progress on other cross-cutting development issues, notably gender, in which core development processes and policies are adjusted and refined, without being overtaken by these issues or encumbered by superimposed 'extra' or 'add-on' activities. Several key resources begin with 'working definitions' which carefully shape the scope of mainstreaming activities, reflecting the difficulty in defining exactly what we mean by mainstreaming in different contexts. Most materials on this list relate to mainstreaming in national strategies and policies; more guidelines and handbooks for mainstreaming HIV and AIDS in particular sectors, such as local governance, education, or agriculture, and internally in workplace policies, may be added soon. For tools and case studies about mainstreaming disability issues, see the Source Key list Mainstreaming and disability, in the Disability, inclusion and development key topic area

This Key list has been developed by Healthlink Worldwide in conjunction with Source for the Support to International Partnerships against AIDS in Africa (SIPAA) programme at ActionAid International. Source welcomes additions to this list. Please email any resources you know to be useful (eg printed materials, websites, CD-ROMs) to

Selected resources

Books, reports, etc

AIDS, poverty reduction and debt relief : a toolkit for mainstreaming HIV/AIDS programmes into development instruments

ADEYI, Olusoji
et al
March 2001

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This toolkit adds to the knowledge base to support analysts and decision-makers in their work to mainstream HIV/AIDS as a major item on countries' development agenda, and mobilize the resources needed to expand promising interventions and approaches in the fight against the epidemic. The toolkit offers a unifying framework for analysing HIV/AIDS in the context of PRSPs, as well as examples of how the issue has been treated in the first generation of PRSPs, interim PRSPs and debt relief agreements. It gives country officials and their partners highly relevant information that they can use in developing inputs for similar documents in their own countries. [adapted from Foreword]

HIV/AIDS and the public sector workforce : an action guide for managers

RAU, Bill

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The guide is designed for human resource managers, employee welfare managers, medical officers and labor representatives in government ministries and agencies. It will assist in designing and developing prevention, care, and support programmes, and in mitigating the effect of staff losses due to AIDS in the public workplace. It includes information on the effects of HIV on the public sector, the components of prevention, care and support programmes and policies in the public sector, methods to gain the support of senior management and employees for HIV/AIDS workplace programmes and policies, background information on the disease, and country experiences

International guidelines on HIV/AIDS and human rights|2006 consolidated version


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This document consolidates the 12 guidelines adopted at the Second International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights, held in September 1996, and revised Guideline-6 on access to prevention, treatment, care and support adopted at the Third International Consultation on HIV/AIDS and Human Rights held in July 2002. The purpose of these guidelines is to assist states in creating a positive, rights-based response to HIV that is effective in reducing the transmission and impact of HIV and AIDS and is consistent with human rights and fundamental freedoms

Lessons learned from mainstreaming HIV into the poverty eradication plan in Uganda

October 2003

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This paper reviews the process of developing Uganda's Poverty Eradication Action Plan (PEAP), and specifically considers how HIV and AIDS issues were incorporated into the development of the plan. It describes each of the 'entry points' for HIV and AIDS issues, such as community mobilisation, leadership and advocacy, impact mitigation, and ARVs. The 'lessons learned' section focuses on strategic responses that DFID can support to ensure that HIV is effectively mainstreamed within Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS : looking beyond awareness

WILKINS, Marissa

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The social and environmental circumstances that lead vulnerable people to have unprotected sex, exposing them to infections, have to be resolved through addressing the causes of poverty, gender discrimination, and the use of sex as a commodity. This book addresses the impact of HIV without prejudice, by taking a human rights stance. It is useful for trainers, programme planners, policy-makers and CBR programmes

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS in practice : a toolkit with a collection of resources, checklists and examples on CD ROM for SDC and its partners


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This toolkit includes a five-step approach to mainstreaming HIV and AIDS. The first steps guide organisational and context analyses, which form a base for developing workplace and operational contributions to the response to the epidemic. It emphasises the importance of monitoring and evaluation from the outset, and sharing knowledge and experience about mainstreaming. A CD ROM accompanies the printed version of this manual, and includes checklists, resources and good practice examples. Though these are not accessible on the internet, they are listed in both the print and electronic versions of the toolkit for reference

Mainstreaming psychological care and support within paediatric HIV and AIDS treatment : for health care workers working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS

May 2008

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The principle aim of this resource is to promote psychosocial care as a separate intervention in itself and proscribe methods of implementing it through a holistic, community based approach which adequately meets the needs of the recipients. The report is for health care workers working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS

Supporting national HIV/AIDS responses : an implementation approach


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This paper presents key principles and checklists for implementing a national response to HIV and AIDS, and especially for operationalising National Strategic Frameworks. It highlights the need for multi-sectoral planning and action, and for "transformative methodologies" to broaden understanding of the epidemic in terms of individual behaviours as well as collective culture and norms. It is primarily intended for use by national HIV/AIDS coordination and management bodies responsible for strategic planning and management of national HIV/AIDS responses, and uses language that may be difficult for others to follow. It places the concept of mainstreaming within the context of a national response. The final section addresses the role of National AIDS Councils and Commissions in monitoring and evaluation and information management of the national response


HIV/AIDS and Food Security|Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)


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Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome

FAO's mandate to improve nutrition and food security, sustainable agriculture and rural development has lead it to work on developing a comprehensive HIV and AIDS strategy for the agriculture sector. FAO's efforts in policy development, advocacy, training and capacity-building relating to HIV and AIDS focus on mitigating the impact of and preventing HIV and AIDS. It monitors the impact of HIV and AIDS on food security and supports member countries in their efforts to prevent the worsening of the epidemic and to mitigate its negative effects on food security and nutrition. All of its technical departments, as well as some regional and sub-regional offices are developing relevant activities in their own areas of work. In the 'HIV and Food Security' website, the 'Responses' section includes a page on mainstreaming HIV and AIDS, with useful links:



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Policy and Practice Web Team
Oxfam House
John Smith Drive

Oxfam GB is a development, relief, and campaigning organisation dedicated to finding lasting solutions to poverty and suffering around the world. They believe that every human being is entitled to a life of dignity and opportunity; and they work with poor communities, local partners, volunteers, and supporters to help this become a reality. Oxfam's HIV and AIDS work includes efforts to mainstream action on HIV and AIDS into all of its programmes, as well as activities specifically on responding to the challenges of the epidemic. The work on mainstreaming is well-documented and can be found at



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1 Great George Street
London SW1P 3AA

RedR-IHE is an international NGO that provides recruitment, training and support services for humanitarian professionals across the world. It offers a three-day training course on 'Mainstreaming HIV in Practice' aimed at programme and project managers, and humanitarian workers who want to integrate HIV and AIDS issues into their work



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Grayston Centre
28 Charles Square
London N1 6HT

STOPAIDS is the network of UK agencies working since 1986 to secure an effective global response to HIV and AIDS.

Formerly known as two separate organisations - UK Consortium on AIDS and International Development and the Stop AIDS Campaign - they were re-branded and re-launched in September 2013 as one merged organisation.  

Together with people with HIV, STOPAIDS fights for a global response that respects, protects and fulfils human rights improving HIV treatment, prevention, care and support of those suffering.