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Seeing the invisible: Sexuality-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children and youth with disabilities in China

SHANGHAI INSITITUTE OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD RESEARCH (SIPPR)
UNESCO
HUMANITY & INCLUSION (HI)
2019

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Young people with disabilities have the same right to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) as their peers without disabilities, but their needs and rights are often overlooked. This study examines the SRH status of young people with disabilities in China. In particular, the study explored the sexuality-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of young people with disabilities as well as their access to sexuality-related information, education and services. The findings of the study are intended to provide evidence to support decision-making by government agencies, educators, development workers and other relevant stakeholders regarding developing and implementing disability-inclusive SRH and sexuality education policies and programmes for young people in China.

The study, using quantitative and qualitative methods, was conducted in 2015 among unmarried young persons aged 12 to 24 living with visual, hearing, physical and intellectual disabilities, in both urban and rural areas. The analysis was based on data collected through 707 completed valid questionnaires, 20 group interviews and 35 individual interviews with young people with disabilities, and individual interviews with 60 parents and teachers, along with one case study.

Everybody Matters: Good practices for inclusion of people with disabilities in sexual and reproductive health and rights programmes

Van SLOBBE, Caroline
November 2017

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This publication provides introductory chapters from two activists who work to create better opportunities for people with disabilities in Nigeria and India. Subsequently, the challenges that organisations worldwide have encountered whilst improving the access to and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health and rights for people with disabilities are presented. Ways in which they managed to find solutions and the results achieved are reviewed. Some cases show the importance of a more personal approach whilst others emphasise the advantage of changing systems and policies. Different regions, types of disabilities and various SRHR-topics are reflected in these stories. All cases provide lessons learnt that contribute to a set of recommendations for improved responses. The closing chapter highlights the challenges, solutions, and ambitions that are presented and lead up to a concise overview of recommendations.  

Good practice examples include:

A shift in SRH programming (Nepal)

Breaking Barriers with performance art (Kenya)

Her Body, Her Rights (Ethiopia)

People with disabilities leading the way (Israel Family Planning Association)

Best Wishes for safe motherhood (Nepal)

It’s my body! (Bangladesh)

Calling a spade a spade (Netherlands)

Four joining forces (Colombia)

Change agents with a disability (Zimbabwe)

Tito’s privacy and rights (Argentina)

Sign language for service providers (Kenya)

The effect of family size and composition on fertility desires, contraceptive adoption, and method choice in South Asia

JAYARAMAN, Anuja
MISHRA, Vinod
ARNOLD, Fred
March 2008

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This research looks at the influence of family size and composition on reproductive behaviour in three South Asian countries - Nepal, India, and Bangladesh - that are known for strong son preference. Data from recent Demographic and Health Surveys, was analysed to see whether the choice of contraceptive method adopted (modern versus traditional; temporary versus permanent) and desire for another child differed by parity and sex composition of surviving children

Resources on youth reproductive health and HIV/AIDS

Interagency Youth Working Group [IYWG]
2007

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A global resource providing materials designed for working with young people (aged 10 - 24) in developing countries. The website includes; training materials, research tools, guidance on key programme areas and best practice, a database of recent resources and websites for youth. IYWG is a network of 10 NGOs, donors and cooperating agencies. The website is supported by the US Agency for International Development and the content is overseen by Family Health International

Who do the CBD reach? A study for the Tanzanian German Programme to Support Health (TGPSH)

KIBUGA, Kate Forrester
July 2005

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The GTZ-supported CBD (Community Based Distribution) agents are volunteers at village level in Tanga region of Tanzania, who provide information on sexual and reproductive health topics, and distribute contraceptives in their neighbourhoods, thus increasing access to family planning services and reproductive health information. This study examined whether CBD reached poorer people and whether poverty influences the choice made in sourcing contraceptives. A participatory methodology was used - CBD agents drew maps of their neighbourhood, marking every house, determining the wealth status of each household, and indicating each house using their services. Poorer people are effectively reached by CBD, but the average wealth group makes greater use of it. However, poorer people are more likely to use CBD than to go to the health facilities. CBD agents found the maps a useful tool for monitoring their work, but there were doubts as to their accuracy for this study. CBD agents may have inflated the number of clients, or omitted houses with no clients

Reproductive health outlook

PROGRAM FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH (PATH)
2004

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Provides summaries of research findings, programme experience and clinical guidelines related to key reproductive health topics, as well as analyses of policy and programme implications. Reproductive Health Outlook is designed for reproductive health programme managers and decision makers working in developing countries and low-resource settings

Popline

CENTER FOR COMMUNICATION PROGRAMS, JOHNS HOPKINS UNIVERSITY BLOOMBERG SCHOOL OF PUBLIC HEALTH
June 2003

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This bibliographic database on reproductive health provides more than 300,000 citations with abstracts of scientific articles, reports, books, and unpublished reports in the fields of population, family planning, and related health issues. It has numerous special features including links to free, full-text documents; the ability to limit your search to peer-reviewed journal articles; and many abstracts in French and Spanish

Training manual : an introduction to promoting sexual health for men who have sex with men and gay men

NAZ FOUNDATION (INDIA) TRUST
2001

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Manual providing training modules on issues related to the sexuality and sexual health of men who have sex with men and gay men. It is intended for NGOs and CBOs in South Asia. The objective of the training is to give participants a clear understanding of a wide range of issues including those related to sexual health. It can also be used to train other NGOs and CBOs to develop services for MSM and gay men to incorporate their issues into existing services

Partnering : a new approach to sexual and reproductive health

COHEN, Sylvie
BURGER, Michèle
December 2000

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This report puts forward a gender perspective in sexual and reproductive health, and on finding constructive ways to build partnership between men and women. One way of achieving this is through a better understanding of manhood. The report provides an overview of current theoretical and operational knowledge; it proposes programme directions, suggests programme indicators, discusses programming considerations, and informs about innovative approaches used in gender-sensitive reproductive health services and in communication interventions that aim to build partnerships with men. It provides both the rationale for comprehensive and more complex strategies and illustrates recent government, NGO and private sector initiatives. It also underlines the importance of using gender tools on a continuing basis to evaluate service and communication programmes.

Sexual and reproductive health briefing cards

FAMILY CARE INTERNATIONAL (FCI)
2000

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A series of briefing cards on sexual and reproductive health issues, covering the topics: rights-based approach; life cycle approach; violence against women; safe motherhood; unwanted pregnancy; unsafe abortion; adolescent sexual and reproductive health; STDs/HIV/AIDS, and fertility and population growth. Each topic includes a brief section on 'committments to action'; 'problems at a glance'; and 'areas for action'

Promotion of sexual health : recommendations for action

PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO)
2000

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Establishes definitions of terms such as 'sex' and 'sexuality', and discusses basic concepts, concerns and problems related to promoting sexual health. Presents and discusses five basic goals, or broad recommendations for action, to advance the sexual health of people in the Americas.

Reproductive health during conflict and displacement : a guide for programme managers

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Reproductive Health and Research
2000

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This guide outlines the impact of conflict and displacement on the provision of reproductive health services and sets out a strategy to lessen the plight of individuals and communities in emergency situations. It provides tools for the assessment of needs and monitoring of reproductive health both in refugee and displacement settings and in protracted low-grade conflicts. It also addresses the reproductive health needs of the post-conflict period and looks at ways to respond to the gender-based, sexual violence. This guide is intended for health programme managers, medical coordinators, donors and NGOs, trainers and managers of social services

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