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Towards preventing torture and ill-treatment in health-care settings

MENDEZ, Juan E
February 2013

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"The present report focuses on certain forms of abuses in health-care settings that may cross a threshold of mistreatment that is tantamount to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. It identifies the policies that promote these practices and existing protection gaps. By illustrating some of these abusive practices in health-care settings, the report sheds light on often undetected forms of abusive practices that occur under the auspices of health-care policies, and emphasizes how certain treatments run afoul of the prohibition on torture and ill-treatment. It identifies the scope of State's obligations to regulate, control and supervise health-care practices with a view to preventing mistreatment under any pretext. The Special Rapporteur examines a number of the abusive practices commonly reported in health-care settings and describes how the torture and ill-treatment framework applies in this context. The examples of torture and ill-treatment in health settings discussed likely represent a small fraction of this global problem"
A/HRC/22/53

Insights on ageing : a survey report

WILLIAMS, Jennifer
2011

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This report presents the results of a survey administered in 32 countries which highlight the situation of older people around the world today. The information presented in the survey report provides insights into what older people around the world think about ageing and what they would like to see their governments do to make living in older age better. This resource is useful for people interested in the global situation of older people

Overview of available policies and legislation, data and research, and institutional arrangements relating to older persons : progress since Madrid

UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND (UNFPA)
HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL (HAI)
2011

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"The overall objective of the report is to assess and evaluate the implementation of the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing at national, regional and global levels, highlight good practices, identify gaps, and provide recommendations for further action by governments to mainstream ageing issues into national development frameworks, including laws, policies and programmes; poverty reduction strategies; and budgets to meet the needs of older persons. The information presented in this report is intended to provide the international community with an indepth understanding of the progressive realization of the objectives and recommendations of the Madrid Plan"

Poverty and health

ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT (OECD)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

Prajateerpu : a citizens jury. Scenario workshop on food and farming futures for Andhra Pradesh, India

PIMBERT, Michel P
WAKEFORD, Tom
2002

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Prajapeertu ('people's verdict') was devised as a means of allowing the people most affected by the Andhra Pradesh government's Vision 2020 for food and farming to shape a vision of their own. The members of the jury, drawn from communities of small and marginal farmers, interrogated a range of witnesses including representatives from the Government of AP, a transnational agrochemical company, NGOs, universities and government advisory panels and compared alternative development models for the rural economy. They rejected land consolidation, displacement of rural people, contract farming, GM crops, and mechanisation, all of which formed part of Vision 2020, and instead called for self-reliance and community control over resources and recognition of local knowledge and institutions. The report covers the methodology and implementation of, and rationale behind, deliberative democracy and citizen empowerment, and how these processes can be used to further political change, human rights, social justice, and empowerment. [Publisher's abstract]

Structural adjustment and health : a literature review of the debate, its role-players and presented empirical evidence

BREMAN, Anna
SHELTON, Carolyn
June 2001

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[From introduction:] Structural adjustment refers to a set of policy advice given to developing countries by international agencies, mainly the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), but also other donor agencies like USAID. The objective of structural adjustment programs (SAPs) has been to enhance economic growth through macroeconomic stability and elimination of market distortions. These policies are controversial for several reasons. Developing countries have had to implement recommended policies in order to receive grants or loans from donor agencies (conditional lending). SAPs have also been criticized for having adverse effects on health outcomes, especially for the poor. [...] This report synthesizes the findings from the literature review and is organized as follows: first, the debate, the role-players, their main arguments and trends in the debate are discussed. The second section summarizes the main arguments in the debate by presenting a framework illustrating the causal arguments for how structural adjustment may affect health outcomes in developing countries. The third section summarizes and analyzes the empirical evidence, and a final section draws conclusions and lessons from the review

Monitoring equity in health : a policy-oriented approach in low-and middle-income countries

BRAVEMAN, Paula
1998

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"This document gives an overview of a practical approach to monitoring social disparities in health within countries for the purpose of guiding policies. The material is intended to raise issues for further exploration among researchers, policy analysts, policy-makers, and other advocates for the public's well-being, concerning their best options for obtaining information on a routine and ongoing basis to guide action to reduce avoidable social disparities in health in their countries."

Population and health infoshare

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU

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Population and Health InfoShare is an electronic library of material submitted by over 100 partner organisations. It features documents in reproductive and child health, HIV/AIDS, population and related areas. The primary objectives of PH InfoShare are to increase access to important population and health information; provide a means for organisations to share and exchange information; and foster greater dissemination of research findings and lessons learned. For users, PH InfoShare affords easy access to population and health material. Users may access documents by visiting the website or by sending requests via e-mail. Additionally, users may subscribe to e-mail updates, specifying the material they want to receive by topic, region, and partner, or can email themselves documents that they have identified through searching the website. The search facility allows users to select a topic, language, region/country and partner organisation from drop-down lists

International journal for equity in health

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International Journal for Equity in Health is an open access journal, which aims to further the state of knowledge about equity in health, and address the systematic and potentially remediable differences in health across populations and population groups defined socially, economically, demographically, or geographically. It focuses on advances in the areas of contributions to the conceptualization of influences on health and inequities in health and their mode of operation; advances in methods for studying inequities and evaluating interventions and policies to reduce them; pathways through which influences on health influence equity in health; evaluations of interventions that reduce inequities in health; and development, implementation, and evaluation of policies for reducing inequities in health
Monthly
Free - Open access

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