This study presents a mapping of existing evidence that provides information about the impact of initiatives that provide education for children with disabilities, and also identifies any studies that provide an analysis about the cost-effectiveness of existing initiatives. It is useful for policymakers, researchers, practitioners, parents of children with disabilities and the children themselves
This policy brief provides an overview of Handicap International’s 2012 policy paper on inclusive education which explains Handicap International’s current work on inclusive education and offers perspectives for the period 2011-2015
PP Brief No 8
"This policy paper explains Handicap International’s current work on inclusive education and offers perspectives for the period 2011-2015. The primary aim is to provide readers with a deeper understanding of the topic and sufficient knowledge to undertake concrete, positive actions towards inclusion. This policy paper draws upon Handicap International’s experience in the field of education since 1998 and prior to that, its experience of working with former development partner Action Nord Sud (ANS) 2. It takes into account the outcomes of baseline field assessments, meetings with partners and donors, feedback from educational professionals, decision-makers and policymakers, and importantly, the views of children with disabilities and their families"
PP No 8
This paper critically examines the Sarva Shisksha Abhiyan (SSA) on the education of children in disabilities in India. Given statistical evidence, the author suggests that the National Action Plan for Inclusion for Education of the Children and Persons with disabilities (2005) is a challenge to implement, and that guidance and enforcement mechanisms for achieving its vision are weak. The paper calls for greater supply of learning aids in rural areas, recommends strengthening teacher training and encourages more effective measurement of disability educational support systems. This paper is useful for anyone interested in the education for children with disabilities in India
USA-based site on inclusive and special education. A card catalogue with specific diagnoses and general information on disability can be found in the library section. Projects and Research section has documents on inclusive education
This is an edited version of a paper presented at the African Decade Partners' meeting. It provides a comprehensive overview of the debate around inclusive education, highlighting key issues, problematic aspects and challenges. Inclusive education is often less expensive than special education, has a greater impact on the learning process and contributes to greater job satisfaction for teachers and to a better learning environment in schools. Disability, however, needs to be seen positively as diversity, which needs to be recognised in the classroom, while additional costs need to be taken into account and adequately resourced to support educational institutions and educators
This Key list highlights essential information resources on inclusive education. Over recent years, approaches in education for disabled children have moved from special needs education toward inclusive education, reflecting a change from the medical to the social model of disability, as well as a growing human rights focus in the disability field. In 1994, the Salamanca Statement declared that schools should accept all children regardless of disability or special educational need. Ten years on, there are many differing views about how to implement inclusive education. For some practitioners the concept of inclusive education has been widened to encompass other issues as well as disability, such as gender, ethnicity and HIV status, while for others the concern is to ensure that segregated education continues for some groups of children. The resources in this Key list include practical guides, case-studies, guidance materials for managers, and resources for parents
An updated version of UNESCO's training pack developed in the early 1990s for teachers learning about inclusion. It has been used in over 50 countries and has been adapted to different countries' contexts. This guide is a source of ideas for educators wishing to improve teachers’ skills in dealing with pupil diversity in mainstream schools. It offers advice on teacher education methods, including accounts of initiatives already undertaken in various parts of the world. The book emphasises the importance of teacher development, both pre-service and in-service, and demonstrates how pupil diversity in mainstream schools can be a positive influence on the life of the school
This position paper lists the major demands of persons with intellectual and learning disability regarding education and schools. It summarises the objectives for children, schools and governments. The document contains an easy-to-read summary
This report approaches inclusive education from a holistic perspective. It takes into consideration policy aspects, the philosophy behind education in general and the historic developments in the fields of education and special needs education.
The report highlights best practice examples and lessons from the north and the south. It also describes the different international frameworks, the economic and policy implications of education for all.
It concludes that inclusive education requires decentralisation, the allocation of sufficient financial resources, accessibility and participation and must be set into the general Human Rights framework
This technical note offers an economic argument in favour of inclusive education, and shows that the incremental benefits of educating a child with disabilities outweigh the incremental costs. It supports a change from special education to mainstreaming and indicates some intervention options to improve the enrolment of children with disabilities in regular schools
"The basic thesis we will explore in this article is that quality ECCD programmes provide a model that can be used for the development of inclusive programmes for children of all ages. It is particularly important that these programmes be developed for children from birth onwards, as many of the biological and environmental conditions that result in children having special needs can be ameliorated through early attention. In our discussion on inclusive ECCD programmes, we offer a brief description of the history of attention to those who are differently-abled for the purposes of understanding how we have arrived at the concept of inclusion. Then we define principles of programming for inclusive ECCD programmes, and we identify some of the issues related to creating inclusive early childhood programmes, and, finally, we determine what we need to be working toward"
The Coordinators' Notebook, No 22
The Salamanca Statement was adopted by the World Conference on Special Needs Education. It details policy changes required to promote education for all, taking particular account of those with special educational needs
The World conference on special needs education: access and quality launched the concept of inclusive education. The Salamanca statement is a major international policy document, outlining the global consensus on the needs for educational reform and the policies and strategies needed to include disabled children in the education system
This document examines the prevalence and need for inclusive education service provision for deaf, hard of hearing and deafblind people. The aim is define the scope of the issue and outline CBM strategy to achieve inclusion
A multidisciplinary team is responsible for creating and evaluating individualised education plans (IEPs) for students with deafblindness. Writing a complete IEP is often perceived as a challenging task by many special educators. This booklet provides a step by step guide to understand, develop and write effective IEPs for children with deafblindness. This booklet is useful to special educators and families working with deafblind children
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion