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The interaction of malnutrition and neurologic disability in Africa

KERAC, Marko
et al
March 2014

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Malnutrition and neurodisability are both major public health problems in Africa. This review highlights key areas where they interact. These areas of interaction include maternal malnutrition, toxin ingestion, macronutrient malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies - all of which cause or are caused by neurodisability, The article concludes that there is an urgent need for nutrition and disability programmes to work more closely together

Seminars in Pediatric Neurology, Volume 21, Issue 1

Stronger together : nutrition-disability links and synergies|Briefing note

GROCE, Nora
CHALLENGER, Eleanor
KERAC, Marko
2013

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Malnutrition can lead to disability, and disability can also lead to malnutrition. This paper will focus mainly on under-nutrition causing disability and disability causing or contributing to under-nutrition. Both nutrition and disability are key human rights issues. There is increasing knowledge about optimal nutrition-related practices and implementation of often low cost interventions to tackle issues of malnutrition in children. It is essential that governments, international actors and service providers consider and include the needs of children with disabilities in these efforts to ensure that children with disabilities have equitable access to nutrition in order to allow them to grow and thrive

Engaging men to increase support for optimal infant feeding in Western Kenya

MARTIN, Stephanie
MUKARIA, Altrena
MAERO, Peter
2010

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Engaging male partners in breastfeeding promotion and education, as well as providing fathers with knowledge and skills for optimal breastfeeding practices, has been shown to positively impact exclusive breastfeeding rates. In order to address poor infant feeding practices, the Infant and Young Child Nutrition Project is integrating infant and young child nutrition into current community-level male involvement activities, conducting pilot activities with men’s group leaders in Western Province, Kenya in August 2009, as part of a larger community-based optimal infant feeding intervention

Lifting the curse : overcoming persistent undernutrition in India|IDS research summary

HADDAD, Lawrence
ZEITLYN, Sushila Zeitlyn
Eds
July 2009

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This research summary "...proposes a number of ways in which the state and civil society in India can strengthen the governance of nutrition in terms of capability, responsiveness and accountability... "India contains a third of the developing world's under nourished children, but the country's rapid economic growth suggests it should be capable of tackling the problem"

The resurgence of breastfeeding, 1975-2000

CROTHER, S M
REYNOLDS, L A
TANSEY, E M
Eds
2009

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These testimonies 'clearly demonstrate that despite all the studies on the phsiology of maternal nursing, on the benefits of breast-milk and on the factors that inhibit and encourage mothers' nursing, beastfeeding is not an unquestioningly accepted part of the children's lives. But the drive to better understand the process of breastfeeding will and must persist if we are to ensure the health and well-being of future generations"

Challenging assumptions : breastfeeding and HIV/AIDS

PROGRAM FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH (PATH)
March 2008

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This policy brief considers the risks of HIV transmission from mother to child through breastfeeding, and the benefits of breast milk in preventing child malnutrition and morbidity and mortality in the first two years of life

Early initiation of breastfeeding - Indonesia

2008

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This is a clinical training video for midwives on the protocols for early initiation of breastfeeding. The clinical protocols covered in the video include: 1. injection of oxytocin within one minute after delivery 2. delayed cutting of the umbilical cord 3. placement of the baby in skin-to-skin contact with the mother for one hour after delivery 4. allowing the baby to root out the mother's nipple and breastfeed on its own 5. delivery of the newborn vitamin K and hepatitis B doses. The video is available through YouTube

Early initiation of breastfeeding - Indonesia

2008

Expand view

This is a clinical training video for midwives on the protocols for early initiation of breastfeeding. The clinical protocols covered in the video include: 1. injection of oxytocin within one minute after delivery 2. delayed cutting of the umbilical cord 3. placement of the baby in skin-to-skin contact with the mother for one hour after delivery 4. allowing the baby to root out the mother's nipple and breastfeed on its own 5. delivery of the newborn vitamin K and hepatitis B doses. The video is available through YouTube

Improving nutrition as a development priority : addressing undernutrition in national policy processes in sub-Saharan Africa

BENSON, Todd
2008

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This report examines the findings of a qualitative institutional study on nutrition in four countries in Ghana, Mozambique, Nigeria, and Uganda. The focus is twofold: first, to seek a general understanding as to why it is difficult for undernutrition to be targeted as a national development priority; and secondly to examine in more detail the four interrelated elements of the policy processes that are relevant to addressing undernutrition in each country. These are: policy making structures, political actors, the narrative of undernutrition that informs the policy choice and the timing of policy change

Infant and young child feeding in emergencies : making it happen, proceedings of a regional strategy workshop

EMERGENCY NUTRITION NETWORK (ENN)
et al
2008

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Young child feeding in emergencies is often poorly managed and supported, yet is a crucial component of an adequate emergency response and an important intervention to save lives and prevent malnutrition. This four day workshop aimed to reach consensus on how to protect and support Infant and young child Feeding in Emergencies (IFE) in the region. The particular focus was on emergency preparedness and the early humanitarian response on IFE

Sustainable elimination of iodine deficiency : progress since the 1990 World Summit for Children

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2008

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This report has three purposes. First, it reviews the global and national efforts to eliminate IDD during the past two decades. And it shows how governments, the salt industry and communities, with UNICEF support, have made great progress in eliminating iodine deficiency through universal salt iodization. Second, it captures the lessons learned and best practices in the elimination of IDD in various countries. Third, it proposes an agenda against IDD as a vital step towards preventing adverse effects on international development and human potential

Evidence on the long-term effects of breastfeeding : systematic reviews and meta-analyses

HORTA, Bernardo L
BAHL, Rajiv
MARTINES, Jose
VICTORA, Cesar G
2007

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"The primary objective of this series of systematic reviews was to assess the effects of breastfeeding on blood pressure, diabetes and related indicators, serum cholesterol, overweight and obesity, and intellectual performance...
Reviewers' conclusions: The available evidence suggests that breastfeeding may have long-term benefits. Subjects who were breastfed experienced lower mean blood pressure and total cholesterol, as well as higher performance in intelligence tests. Furthermore, the prevalence of overweight/obesity and type-2 diabetes was lower among breastfed subjects. All effects were statistically significant, but for some outcomes their magnitude was relatively modest."

The guidebook nutritional anaemia

BADHAM, Jane
ZIMMERMANN, Michael B
KRAEMER, Klaus
2007

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This guidebook offers a comprehensive summary of the critical issues from prevalence data and statistics, to economics, through to diagnosis, functional consequences and background information on each of the micronutrients believed to be directly or indirectly involved in anemia

Community-based management of severe acute malnutrition : a joint statement by the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, the United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition and the United Nations Children's Fund

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
et al
2007

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This statement advocates a community-based approach to the management of severe malnutrition, combined with a facility-based approach for those malnourished children with medical complications. It outlines actions that countries can take and suggests how WHO, WFP, SCN, UNICEF and other partners can support these actions

Nutritional anaemia

BADHAM, Jane
ZIMMERMANN, Michael B
KRAEMER, Klaus
Eds
2007

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This is guide offers a comprehensive summary of the critical issues from prevalence data and statistics, to economics, through to the diagnosis, funcational consequences and background information on each of the micronutrients believed to be directly or indirectly invovled in anaemia

Better breastfeeding, healthier lives [whole issue]

March 2006

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This issue looks at the merits of breastfeeding and suggests ways for programmes and providers to help women improve breastfeeding practices. Breastmilk offers infants and young children complete nutrition and early protection against illness, increasing their chances of survival. National governments need to devise and implement comprehensive strategies to promote optimal practices and advise women about the benefits of breastfeeding. Includes an outline of Madagascar's policy approach and a discussion on breastfeeding as a contraceptive option

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