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Kangaroo mother care : a practical guide

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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Written for for health professionals in charge of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm newborn infants in first referral hospitals, this document describes the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) method for care of stable preterm or LWT babies (those who can breath air and have no major health problems) who need thermal protection, adequate feeding, frequent observation, and protection from infection. It provides guidance on how to organise services at the referral hospital and on what is needed to introduce and carry out KMC, focusing on settings where resources are limited. Evidence for the recommendations is provided whenever possible

Community-based strategies for breastfeeding promotion and support in developing countries

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This review examines the role of communities and community-based resource persons in providing support for appropriate feeding practices and access to skilled support when mothers need it. This document is based on a literature review and an analysis of three projects in Madagascar, Honduras and India. It assesses the impact of interventions, the mechanisms through which behaviours can be changed, and the factors that are necessary to maximise and sustain the benefits of interventions

Early childhood care and education in E-9 countries : status and outlook.

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
2003

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This report was prepared for the Fifth E-9 Ministerial meeting in Cairo in 2003. The E-9 countries of this report are: Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Egypt, India, Indonesia, Mexico, Nigeria and Pakistan. International support for early childhood development and education is based on research findings that the development of the brain occurs primarily in the early years of life. Resources dedicated to this subject area bring multiple benefits to society and the community as well as to the child and his or her family. With respect to improving comprehensive early childhood care and education for the most vulnerable and disadvantaged children, it is this very target group who benefit more than children from favourable family backgrounds. Childcare needs feature highly in the development and education of a child, and are affected by factors such as poor health and low literacy rates in the mothers. Each of the countries have developed mechanisms for tackling early childhood development, and a high priority amonst each of these mechanims is to focus on equity (p.47), with children from disadvantaged backgrounds being primary target groups

From crèches to childcare : constructions of motherhood and inclusion/exclusion in the history of Belgian infant care

VANDENBROECK, Michel
2003

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This article by Michel Vandenbroeck examines the history of exclusion in Belgian infant care, depicting how 100 years ago day care centres provided care for the infants of women who worked in factories. Today in Belgium, women who work in factories are excluded from having infants cared for in day nurseries. The article examines how this has occurred and the place of childcare in western European welfare society

ECD in changing rural realities [whole issue]

2003

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This edition contains a selection of the articles produced by participants at a meeting in Alcázar do Sal, Portugal, in December 2002. Twelve participants from Bernard van Leer Foundation-supported projects in four Latin American countries (Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela) and four European countries (Scotland, Spain, France and Portugal) identified and reflected on a broad spectrum of themes and problems around growing up in these two rural environments, analysed the new rural challenges and related them to the work of their own ecd projects. They explored the important contextual realities of the environments in which they operate; explained the conceptual frameworks that underpin the responses that they have devised and put into practice; and identified a number of significant themes for programming

Reducing maternal mortality : learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe

KOBLINSKY, Marjorie
2003

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"To assist countries in their efforts to improve maternal health and reduce maternal mortality, the World Bank is publishing two volumes: Investing in Maternal Health: Learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka, and Reducing Maternal Mortality: Learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These two books offer success stories in improving health and reducing maternal mortality in a range of developing countries. The first book is based on the experiences of Malaysia and Sri Lanka during the past five to six decades. The second book discusses the more recent experiences of Bolivia, China (Yunnan), Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These nine countries have made important strides in improving maternal health, and these two books outline what worked and what did not"

80 million lives meeting the millennium development goals in child and maternal survival

FUSTUKIAN, Suzanne
KEITH, Regina
PENROSE, Angela
Grow Up Free from Poverty Coalition
2003

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"This report argues that the failures in healthcare over the last decade have been the result of flawed analysis and lack of political will. If we are to acheive the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) we must now absorb the lessons we have learned, and refocus our attention on broad-based, sectorally-coordinated, primary healthcare (PHC) system development, located within a rights-based framework, to which all governments must give their committment"

Implementing the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding : Geneva 3-5 February 2003, meeting report

DEPARTMENT OF CHILD AND ADOLESCENT HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
DEPARTMENT OF NUTRITION FOR HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT, WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This is the report of a meeting which aimed to facilitate the implementation of the Global Strategy and to assist governments in translating global recommendations into country-specific actions. The meeting, held in Geneva in February 2003, was attended by more than 45 participants representing governments, nongovernmental organisations, academic institutions and international organisations

Improving birth outcomes : meeting the challenge in the developing world

BALE, Judith R
STOLL, Barbara J
LUCAS, Adetokunbo O
Eds
2003

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This report reviews evidence on key interventions that could greatly improve birth outcomes in developing countries. It reviews the available statistics of low birth weight, prematurity, and birth defects; reviews current knowledge and practices of a healthy pregnancy, identifies cost-effective opportunities for improving birth outcomes and supporting families with an infant handicapped by birth problems

HIV/AIDS and early childhood [whole issue]

BARTLETT, Kathy
ZIMANYI, Louise
Eds
December 2002

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This is one of the few publications solely dedicated to early childhood and HIV/AIDS. It contains articles examining the particular experience of the very young child and the social, psychosocial and nutritional impact on their lives in AIDS affected communities. There is also an article about infant feeding practices in Africa. It makes some policy recommendations and the several case studies provide some direct examples of programming in this area

Birth registration : right from the start

INNOCENTI RESEARCH CENTRE, UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
March 2002

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This Digest looks at birth registration -- a fundamental human right that opens the door to other rights, including education and health care, participation and protection. Unregistered children are often the children of the poor and excluded, such as refugees or particular indigenous groups. Lack of registration exacerbates their poverty and underscores their marginalisation. Non-registration also has serious implications for national goverments. Countries need to know how many people they have and how many there are likely to be in the future, in order to plan effectively. This Digest emphasizes the crucial importance of birth registration, explores the obstacles to universal registration and highlights the actions -- including awareness raising, legislative changes, resource allocation and capacity building -- that are needed to ensure the registration of every child

Challenges of change : a tracer study of San preschool children in Botswana

LE ROUX, Willemien
February 2002

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This study of the Bokamosa Preschool Programme describes how San children, whose culture is distinct from that of other peoples of Botswana, try to cope with an education system whose values and norms are different to their own. They must also cope with pressure from their parents who mistrust a system that 'steals' their children but feel powerless to make any changes. This book discusses the many factors that influence children as they grow; and shows that if the school system is not congruent with home circumstances, children must make immense efforts to succeed

Managing complications in pregnancy and childbirth (MCPAC) : a guide for midwives and doctors

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2002

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This manual is written for midwives and doctors at the district hospital who are responsible for the care of women with complications of pregnancy, childbirth or the immediate postpartum period including immediate problems of the newborn. The emphasis of the manual is on rapid assessment and decision making. The clinical action steps are based on clinical assessment with limited reliance on laboratory or other tests and most are possible in a variety of clinical settings (eg district hospital or health centre). The manual is arranged by symptoms (eg vaginal bleeding in early pregnancy). Because this symptom-based approach is different than most medical texts which are arranged by disease, a corresponding diagnosis table is provided. Links have been used extensively to facilitate navigation between symptoms and diagnosis. Cross-cutting issues like malaria and pregnancy are easy to locate through the index

Facts for life

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2002

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This book aims to put lifesaving knowledge about children‘s health into the hands of those who need it most: parents, caregivers, health workers, government officials, journalists and teachers. This edition has updated information on safe motherhood, early childhood development, nutrition, HIV/AIDS and other major causes of childhood illnesses and death. In simple language, it emphasises practical, effective, low-cost ways of protecting children‘s lives and promoting their development

Caribbean Early Childhood Development and HIV/AIDS

UNIVERSITY OF THE WEST INDIES
2002

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This website was established by the University of the West Indies to make Caribbean-relevant information on early childhood available to the countries that the University of the West Indies serves. The website is targeted at practitioners, parents, policy makers, researchers, the media or other persons and organisations interested in Caribbean early childhood, parenting and family development issues. The aim of the site is to increase the sharing of information, strategies, resources and overall communication on early childhood, parenting and the family within the Caribbean. The website provides information on national Early Childhood Development (ECD) Associations and their plans of action, parenting initiatives, research, and publications and products available on early childhood development issues in the region. There is a section devoted to HIV AIDS and ECD, but only a few reports on this topic are currently available

Working group on integrated early childhood development policy, planning and research : recommendations

VARGAS-BARON, Emily
2002

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These recommendations, from the Working Group of the Early Childhood Development Conference in 2002, note the need for every nation to establish a national policy framework for Integrated Early Childhood Development (IECD). This should be highly participatory in a process that is country driven, not donor driven. IECD should be promoted as a national security issue and as a tool for poverty eradication and socio-economic development. The recommendations include a section on children affected by HIV and AIDS and their caregivers. There are recommendations for a detailed plan for children affected by HIV and AIDS, to include programs that address issues and needs at family and community levels, with institutional care as the last resort

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