Resources search

State of the world’s children 2008 : child survival

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
2008

Expand view

This publication provides a wide-ranging assessment of the current state of child survival and primary health care for mothers, newborns and children. It examines lessons learned in child health during the past few decades and outlines the most important emerging precepts and strategies for reducing deaths among children under age five and for providing a continuum of care for mothers, newborns and children

Early childhood development : a powerful equalizer

IRWIN, Lori G.
SIDDIQI, Arjumand
HERTZMAN, Clyde
June 2007

Expand view

This report sees an indivisible link between early childhood development and improved rates of child survival and child health, and considers that this lays the basis for adults who can make a positive contribution to the community - both socially and economically. While it acknowledges that early childhood development is of global importance it stresses its value in resource-poor countries. It gathers evidence which shows priority associations between social determinants for health and health inequalities across different country contexts. This report is for governments, international agencies and civil society partnerships and is intended to stimulate societal debate on action around social determinants for health within the context of early childhood development

State of the world's mothers 2007 : saving the lives of children under 5

SAVE THE CHILDREN
2007

Expand view

This year’s State of the World’s Mothers report shows which countries are succeeding, and which are failing, to save the lives of mothers and children. It examines how investments in health care and nutrition can make a difference for children, mothers, communities and society as a whole. It also points to proven, low-cost solutions that could save the majority of these young lives

Danger signs of neonatal illnesses : perceptions of caregivers and health workers in northern India

AWASTHI, Shally
VERMA, Tuhina
AGARWAL, Monica
October 2006

Expand view

This article explores the "household practices that can affect neonatal health, from the perspective of caregivers and health workers; to identify signs in neonates leading either to recognition of illness or health-care seeking; and to ascertain the proportion of caregivers who recognize the individual items of the integrated management of neonatal and childhood illnesses (IMNCI) programme"
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84(10)

IMCI : what can we learn from an innovation that didn’t reach the poor?

GWARTKIN, Davidson
October 2006

Expand view

In this editorial, the author comments on the feasibility of the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy of the World Health Organization aimed at serving the poor. He analyses the reasons behind the failure of IMCI strategy to reach the poor. According to the author, IMCI failed due to several faults in its implementation including its initiation in well-off areas, a horizontal approach, and bad financial infrastructure of the poor regions
Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 84(10)

Better breastfeeding, healthier lives [whole issue]

March 2006

Expand view

This issue looks at the merits of breastfeeding and suggests ways for programmes and providers to help women improve breastfeeding practices. Breastmilk offers infants and young children complete nutrition and early protection against illness, increasing their chances of survival. National governments need to devise and implement comprehensive strategies to promote optimal practices and advise women about the benefits of breastfeeding. Includes an outline of Madagascar's policy approach and a discussion on breastfeeding as a contraceptive option

WHO/UNICEF regional child survival strategy : accelerated and sustained action towards MDG 4

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO) WESTERN PACIFIC REGION
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF) EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC REGION
2006

Expand view

This strategy calls for accelerated and sustained action for child survival in the Western Pacific Region of the WHO and the East Asia and Pacific Region of UNICEF. It focuses on children from birth to five years of age. The strategy calls for one coordination mechanism for planning child survival actions at country level; one national plan; one monitoring and evaluation process; a focus on advocacy and communication; and financial resources to accelerate and sustain progress

Maternal survival : improving access to skilled care. A behavior change approach

CHANGE
February 2005

Expand view

This summary is based on the CHANGE Maternal Survival Toolkit, available online at: www.changeproject.org and on CD-ROM. It explores ways of influencing behaviours and encouraging use of health services and health professionals during childbirth and the postpartum period. A number of factors can prevent pregnant women from accessing skilled care, often putting themselves and the child at risk. They include availability of health services and high costs but also, and crucially, local culture, family and community behaviours and traditional practices. The CHANGE Project's approach and this document stress locally appropriate, behaviour-based interventions that integrate what is happening in homes, communities and health facilities. This tool is aimed at organisations and individuals working in the field of mother and child health, and willing to look at maternal and child survival issues from a behaviour change perspective

Child survival in sub-Saharan Africa : taking stock

SUPPORT FOR ANALYSIS AND RESEARCH IN AFRICA (SARA) PROJECT
2005

Expand view

This paper presents the findings and recommendations of research, funded by USAID, to understand better the growing gap between Africa and the rest of the world in achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals that relate to child health. It aims to provide an analysis of child health trends in order to identify how USAID could improve its contribution to improving child health in Africa

Family and community practices that promote child survival, growth and development : a review of the evidence

HILL, Zelee
KIRKWOOD, Betty
EDMOND, Karen
2004

Expand view

This technical review paper presents the evidence for twelve key practices, identified by UNICEF and WHO to be of key importance in providing good home-care for the child to prevent or treat the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness conditions, in order to ensure survival, reduce morbidity, and promote healthy growth and development. The twelve key practices are: immunisation, breastfeeding, complementary feeding, micronutrients, hygiene, treated bed nets, food and fluids, home treatment, care-seeking, adherence, stimulation, and antenatal care. The paper has 3 objectives: 1. To summarise the available evidence 2. to identify gaps in knowledge 3. To make recommendations concerning next steps and priority-setting for both programme action and research

80 million lives meeting the millennium development goals in child and maternal survival

FUSTUKIAN, Suzanne
KEITH, Regina
PENROSE, Angela
Grow Up Free from Poverty Coalition
2003

Expand view

"This report argues that the failures in healthcare over the last decade have been the result of flawed analysis and lack of political will. If we are to acheive the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) we must now absorb the lessons we have learned, and refocus our attention on broad-based, sectorally-coordinated, primary healthcare (PHC) system development, located within a rights-based framework, to which all governments must give their committment"

Hidden suffering : disabilities from pregnancy and childbirth in less developed countries

ASHFORD, Lori
2002

Expand view

"This document discusses disabilities resulting from pregnancy and childbirth in less developed countries. It describes the causes of maternal disabilities as well as some of the major disabilities that may result from pregnancy- and childbirth-related complications, and presents the impact on infant and child health, consequences for families and societies, interventions to improve maternal health and the benefits of interventions"

Pages

E-bulletin

Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion

Subscribe to updates