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Intellectual property rights and access to ARV medicines : civil society resistance in the global south|Brazil, Colombia, China, India, Thailand

REIS, Renata
TERTO, Veriano Jr
PIMENTA, Maria Cristina Pimenta
Eds
2009

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This book looks at "...the recent history and the many struggles related to advocacy for access to [antiretroviral] medicines of engaged civil society. Through the experiences of five middle-income countries - Brazil, China, Colombia, India, and Thailand." It presents "...the perspective of local civil society organisations about the national impact of intellectual property protection and access to medications. "These five countries were chosen due to their accumulated experience in this field, their capacity to produce generic medication, their activist efforts, and the exchange of ideas and information that already exists between them"

Preventing HIV/AIDS among persons with disabilities : a handbook for policy makers, healthcare providers and care givers of people with disabilities

IVOM, Damian O
2009

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This handbook highlights the factors responsible for the spread of HIV, methods of preventing it within persons with disabilities and how they can be reached and integrated into HIV and AIDS programmes and activities, so as to cause a reduction within its communities and in the general population. It is premised on the fact that many programmes and activities on HIV and AIDS in developing countries especially Sub-Saharan Africa have not realised the need to include persons with disabilities

Integrating gender into HIV/AIDS programmes in the health sector : tool to improve responsiveness to women’s needs

AMIN, Avni
et al
2009

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The purpose of this operational tool is to: raise awareness of how gender inequalities affect women’s access to and experience of HIV and AIDS programmes and services; and offer practical actions on how to address or integrate gender into specific types of HIV and AIDS programmes and services. The vulnerability of women, their risk of HIV infection and the impact of the epidemic on them are heightened by many factors, including: the low status accorded to women in many societies, their lack of rights, their lack of access to and control over economic resources, the violence perpetrated against them, the norms related to women’s sexuality, and women’s lack of access to information about HIV. This tool is primary aimed at primarily programme managers and health-care providers involved in setting up, implementing or evaluating HIV and AIDS programmes

Ugandan memory books

HelpAge International
2009

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This picture story shows the involvement of grandparents in memory work in Uganda - either in writing memory books for their grandchildren or in reading and updating memory books created by their children, for their grandchildren

Inspiring futures : learning from memory work in Africa

DUNN, Alison
HAMMOND WARD, Sarah
2009

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This learning paper looks at the experiences of applying memory work as part of broader strategies to mitigate the impact of HIV and AIDS in five African countries. It explores how six NGOs in sub-Saharan Africa established memory work as a key component of their community-based HIV programmes and draws on the experience of people living with HIV and AIDS, children and young people who participated in the initiative, partner organisations' own learning and analysis and the end of project evaluation report

The global economic crisis and HIV prevention and treatment programmes : vulnerabilities and impact

BONNEL, Rene
DE BEYER, Joy
BENNETT, Dianne
2009

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This report summarises responses gathered, in late March 2009, from respondents in 71 countries. It asked whether antiretroviral treatment had been affected, or might be affected in future, by the global economic crisis. It identifies regions that appear to be more vulnerable than others and highlights the causes and negative effects of disruption to antiretroviral treatment programmes or services. The report suggests ways to maintain and expand access to HIV treatment in a difficult economic climate

The influence of HIV/AIDS on community-based rehabilitation in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

BOYCE, William
COTE, Laurence
January 2009

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This paper examines the impact of HIV and AIDS on community-based rehabilitation (CBR) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Over a three-month period, observational sessions and individual interviews were conducted with caregivers of children with disabilities, CBR workers and managers. Among the findings was a significant decrease in CBR activities in families affected by HIV and AIDS. It is recommended that further integration of CBR work with general health development initiatives might improve this situation

Programming guidance for integrating water, sanitation, and hygiene improvement into HIV/AIDS programs

USAID HYGIENE IMPROVEMENT PROJECT (HIP)
2009

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This report promotes the integration of water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) programming into HIV and AIDS care and support. Practical examples of integrated programme strategy development, country-specific tools, guidance and resources for programme managers and trainings are provided. This report is useful to development practitioners interested in integrating WASH into HIV and AIDS programming

Disability and HIV/AIDS : a systematic review of literature on Africa

HANASS-HANCOCK, Jill
2009

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This article reviews all the literature about disability and HIV and AIDS in Africa in the past decade. It presents data from different surveys and summarises their findings. It also reveals gaps in the research (e.g. research on other disability groups other than the deaf population) and areas of concern (e.g. sexual abuse and the exploitation of people with disabilities). This article would be useful for people interested in research and studies related to the field of disability and HIV and AIDS in Africa

Smart Quiz : an open-source intelligent evaluation tool for any language, subject or ability

MINDFUL INTERACTIVE
2009

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This is a quiz game in Kenyan Sign Language (KSL), designed to inform and educate deaf Kenyans about HIV and AIDS and reproductive health issues. The interface has been kept simple with minimal visual distractions, which makes it suitable for students with very low computer skills. The quiz would be useful for Kenyan schools, HIV and AIDS testing clinics, internet cafes, resource centres and libraries

HIV/AIDS and disability : final report of the 4th international policy dialogue

HEALTH CANADA
2009

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This report documents the International Policy Dialogue which provided an "opportunity for participants to talk about the connections between HIV/AIDS and disability, and its significance to international development issues...Through panel presentations, plenary discussion and breakout sessions, participants discussed emerging issues on the intersectionality of HIV/AIDS and disability, and charted a way forward in terms of policy and programme development"

The impact of HIV/AIDS on older people in Cambodia

JOHN, Kylie
SAINSBURY, Candice
2009

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This report presents the findings of a study in 15 rural villages to obtain information on the roles of older people in HIV/AIDS affected households and to identify potential interventions to meet their financial, psychosocial and other support needs. Research methods included case studies, in-depth interviews and focus groups with older carers of children in Cambodia to understand their problems and to explore their support needs. The findings demonstrated that the HIV/AIDS epidemic has led to significant changes in the responsibilities and needs of older people and that older people in HIV/AIDS affected households are vulnerable to extreme poverty, and at times, destitution. The report concludes with recommendations for possible local response interventions to address the needs of older people impacted by HIV/AIDS

South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behavior and communication survey 2008 : turning a tide among teenagers ?

SHISANA, O
et al
2009

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"South Africa has the largest burden of HIV/AIDS and is currently implementing the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme in the world. It is therefore fitting that South Africa is the first in the world to conduct three repeated national HIV population-based surveys to help monitor our response as a nation to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This report is the third in a time series of population-based HIV seroprevalence surveys which started in 2002 and were repeated in 2005 and again in 2008"

Keeping the promise : interventions by persons with disabilities against HIV/AIDS

HANDICAP INTERNATIONAL KENYA
2009

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People with disabilities, including people with disabilities who are living with HIV, are often excluded from their community and their family. This video presents testimonies of people with disabilities who are living with HIV and proposes actions in Kenya to fight against their exclusion. For example, it highlights support groups that have been created to educate people with disabilities, living with HIV or not, on sexuality, HIV/AIDS, and how to live positively with disabilities and reduce the stress caused by them. Another section of the video presents a support group for parents of children with disabilities where it is encouraged to talk about sexual abuse and violence on children and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases. Support groups for hearing and visually impaired people are also presented in the video. In addition to support groups, education and prevention are also promoted by through sport and street shows which contribute to the social inclusion of people with disabilities living with HIV

Partnerships in practice

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
December 2008

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This booklet aims to contribute to improved understanding of partnerships, including what they can achieve as well as challenges to effective partnerships. It focuses on partnerships in HIV & AIDS and education and draws on a range of global, regional and national experience to: * Provide a brief overview of the role of partnerships and why they are important. * Discuss the different types of partnerships that have been established. * Highlight ways that partnerships can contribute to UNESCO's Education For All programme and universal access to prevention programmes, treatment, care and support. * Summarise lessons learned about partnerships

Effective learning

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
December 2008

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This booklet: * Introduces the concepts of quality education and effective learning. * Provides an overview of the impact of HIV and AIDS on quality education and effective learning. * Summarises the factors that contribute to effective learning in the context of HIV and AIDS education. * Highlights key issues to consider in developing and adapting HIV and AIDS learning materials, illustrated with case study examples.

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