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Global forum on sanitation and hygiene : insights on leadership, action and change


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This report presents a comprehensive work of reference, primarily targeted at WSSCC members, sanitation and hygiene practitioners and policymakers. It seeks to further complement and build upon the Forum report which provides a broad overview of events and key “take-home” messages.  This report is centred upon the key themes of the Forum: leadership, equity and inclusion, behaviour change, accelerating change and partnerships

Diarrhoea : why children are still dying and what can be done


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This website focuses on a package of proven prevention and treatment measures for diarrhoea. It is divided into sections which include: the global burden of diarrhoea, the basics of diarrhoeal diseases; where we stand today in preventing and treating childhood diarrhoea; and a seven-point plan for comprehensive diarrhoeal control. The website is a version of the UNICEF/WHO report 'Diarrhoea: why children are still dying and what can be done'. It would be useful to the general public, health workers, government, NGOs, United Nations organisations, policy makers and private sector workers

Diarrhoea : why children are still dying and what can be done

WARD, Tessa
et al

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"The objective of this WHO/UNICEF report is to focus attention on the prevention and management of diarrhoeal diseases as central to improving child survival. It examines the latest available information on the burden and distribution of childhood diarrhoea. It also analyses how well countries are doing in making available key interventions proven to reduce its toll. Most importantly, it lays out a new strategy for diarrhoea control, one that is based on interventions drawn from different sectors that have demonstrated potential to save children’s lives. It sets out a 7-point plan that includes a treatment package to reduce childhood diarrhoea deaths, as well as a prevention package to make a lasting reduction in the diarrhoea burden in the medium to long term"

UNICEF toilet solutions for child-friendly schools in Rwanda


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This conference paper presents a design for standard toilet blocks with single, unisex, accessible toilet cubicles for primary schools in Rwanda. The design is based on the Child Friendly School approach implemented by UNICEF Rwanda in partnership with the Ministry of Education. This paper is useful for people interested in primary school infrastructure

The sustainability and impact of school sanitation, water and hygiene education in Kenya

NJUGUNA, Vincent
et al

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This report details a study that investigated the impact and sustainability of school interventions for water, sanitation and hygiene education (WASH) in three districts in Kenya. The key findings of the study are: that sufficient taps for handwashing in toilets result in increased handwashing and cleaner toilets, and toilets that are clean and provide privacy are better used by children

Going to scale with community-led total sanitation : reflections on experience, issues and ways forward


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Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) is a revolutionary approach in which communities are facilitated to conduct their own appraisal and analysis of open defecation and take their own action to become open defecation-free. This report presents CLTS approaches in six countries which differ organisationally with contrasting combinations of NGOs, projects and governments. Practical elements in strategies for going to scale have included: training and facilitating; starting in favourable conditions; conducting campaigns and encouraging competition; recruiting and committing teams and full-time facilitators and trainers; organising workshops and cross-visits; supporting and sponsoring Natural Leaders and community consultants and inspiring and empowering children


Practice Paper, Vol 2009, No 1

Sanitation for primary schools in Africa


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This book provides easy-to-use tools for assessing sanitation, water supply and handwashing facilities in primary schools in Africa, aimed at improving sanitation. It also presents illustrated information about guidelines to encourage handwashing with soap, various types of latrines, and technical designs. It would be useful for agency and government staff who are interested in sanitation in primary schools in Africa The link provides electronic access to the book, in English, as a single pdf, in addition to posters in English and Spanish

The problem of handwashing and paying for water in South Africa

CHOPRA, Mickey

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This paper shows the results of some research into whether households respond differently to hygiene and handwashing interventions such as Water, Sanitation and Hygiene for All (WASH) depending on the water systems and payment systems that they have

Progress for children : a report card on water and sanitation

September 2006

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This report provides information about how children are affected worldwide by progress and lack of progress on water and sanitation millennium development goals. General information is presented and the situations in different regions of the world are highlighted. Tables and charts are provided. This resource is useful for people interested in water and sanitation issues for children

Encouraging good hygiene and sanitation : a PILLARS guide

CARTER, Isabel

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This guide is an accessible tool for small group discussion. It aims at helping communities improve their lifestyle through better hygine and sanitation practices. Prevention of diseases is more effective if people can make their own informed decisions regarding sanitation, hygiene and water supplies. The guide adopts a Christian perspective and in the last section of the book the topics of hygiene, water and sanitation are linked to the Bible's teachings on holiness, baptism and purity

PHAST step-by-step guide: a participatory approach for the control of diarrhoeal disease

WOOD, Sara

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This document offers practical guidelines to help communities improve hygiene behaviour and prevent the spread of diarrhoeal diseases. Using a typical PHAST approach, it advocates the adoption of participatory methods and the involvement and empowerment of communities. Tailored for facilitators and programme managers working in the community, it provides some key background concepts and suggests detailed step-by-step activities that should help identify, analyse and plan solutions to the related problems of water management, sanitation, hygiene behaviour and diarrhoeal diseases



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