This policy paper defines the themes of inclusive disaster risk reduction and explains how these activities fit into the HI mandate. It also identifies the target population and defines modalities of intervention–standard expected outcomes, standard activities–as well as monitoring and evaluation indicators.
"This paper outlines the importance of applying a structural approach to vulnerability to disasters and presents evidence on the relationship between disability and disaster-related risks in low and middle income countries"
Note: Accepted under the "Addressing Inequalities" Global Thematic Consultation - Call for Proposals for Background Papers, Oct 2012
This brief provides an overview of Handicap International's activities in mental health in post-crisis and development contexts. Handicap International’s mental health projects specifically address the mental health of people with psychosocial and mental disabilities or with intellectual disabilities
PP brief No 3
"This policy paper describes Handicap International’s mandate and values in operational terms applied to mental health in post-crisis and development contexts. It presents the approaches and reference elements for Handicap International’s actions, choices and commitments. It aims to ensure coherence in terms of practices whilst taking into account differing contexts. So this is a guidance document for the teams working on mental health. It defines the topic and explains its relationship with the mandate of the organization. It also outlines the target populations, methods of intervention (expected results, activities), indicators for monitoring and evaluation. This policy document aims to ensure that all projects and activities carried out by programs are consistent with the modalities of intervention presented"
Policy paper 3
This advocacy paper stresses the importance of involving children in HIV and AIDS interventions of which they are a part. Child participation creates a sense of selfhood and agency which helps them cope with loss and better equips them to manage any future problems
This paper advocates for a comprehensive, sector-wide approach which mainstreams HIV and AIDS across education sector programmes - taking account of the underlying causes of HIV vulnerability and the long-term effects of AIDS - as a crucial step towards addressing the epidemic
This briefing note advocates access to education for girls as a priority, particularly because recent research has shown that education reduces their vulnerability to HIV considerably. It suggests a number of strategies and policy changes that would help remove the number of barriers girls' face in getting into and staying in school
This is an internal paper for the Department for International Development (DFID) that looks at information and evidence for the global prevalence of HIV stigma and how it is damaging people living with HIV and AIDS and their families, especially women. It also looks at evidence that this compromises effective responses to AIDS by lowering the uptake of preventative services and testing, delays disclosure, decreases care seeking and undermines treatment. The paper examines successful strategies that have been used to tackle stigma and suggests that DFID is well placed to help scale-up efforts and play a leading role in the international arena
This paper suggests the need for a particular focus on women and women's empowerment as part of the response to the HIV pandemic, because the majority of infections are sexually transmitted
This report summarises available information on male circumcision as an HIV prevention strategy, and the policy and prevention implications of its implementation
(From forward) Studies point to the existence of a global HIV/AIDS emergency among young people. An estimated 6,000 youths a day become infected, an average of one new infection every 14 seconds. The most socially and economically disadvantaged young people appear to be especially at risk of infection, and young women in developing contexts are at the greatest risk. The rate of HIV infection among girls is rapidly outstripping the rate among boys. Girls already account for nearly 60 percent of the infections in sub-Saharan Africa, where the pandemic is most virulent. This paper adopts the hypothesis that this pandemic can be confronted already in early childhood. During the first eight years of life the foundations are set for the capacities, beliefs and attitudes that support individuals in later life. In early childhood, people can therefore more easily learn and integrate appropriate risk avoidance behaviours that may prove useful in the global war on HIV/AIDS. The earliest years may represent a window of opportunity for the successful implementation of HIV/AIDS reduction and prevention programmes
Scaling up the memory work and extending it from Uganda to other African countries involved many challenges due to the wide range of different contexts, different types of implementing organisations and different cultures. This edition of Health Exchange gives an example from Tanzania where the organisation KIWAKKUKI, has developed a memory project based on experience and learning from NACWOLA in Uganda, but adapted to its specific cultural and organisational context
This paper offers a concise and comprehensive overview of the literature from a psychological perspective. It explores a range of issues in emotional, psychological, social and physical development, and their relation to broader issues including poverty, nutrition and human rights. It idenifies gaps in knowledge and will help funders, policy makers and practitioners to locate their own work in the bigger picture. It is accompanied by an annotated bibliography
This paper looks at the impact of parent death on primary school participation using an unusual five-year panel data set of over 20,000 children in rural Kenya. There was a focus on children who began the study period as non-orphans and compare children who subsequently lost a parent to those who did not. There is a substantial decrease in school participation following a parent death as well as evidence of a drop before the death. Effects are largest for children whose mothers died, for young girls (under age 12) and for children with low base line academic performance. The authors then discuss implications for the design of programmes to assist orphans and vulnerable children
Challenges conventional wisdom that teaching life skills to young people would reduce HIV infection. The paper suggests that: there is disagreement about the definition of life skills; the introduction of life skills in the curriculum often creates problems, particularly in the schools of poorer countries; and that life skills are action-oriented, and may be alien to cultural contexts where people, especially the youth, are not encouraged to choose. While the paper does not intend to undermine the importance of life skills-based education in HIV contexts, its cautious and critical analysis may provide a useful tool for the improvement of related initiatives
This is the summary of an intervention study to examine the social determinants of the HIV epidemic and to assess the impact of a targeted programme of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention and service delivery. The study took place in the in the Carletonville area of South Africa which is characterised by significant poverty and unemployment, the presence of sex work, high rates of STIs, and where there are many migrant mine workers
This short paper reflects findings from research carried out to identify current responses to meet the needs of children age 0-8 living in HIV/AIDS affected communities. The overall results show that at local, national and international levels there are gaps in programming and policy to engage ideas and mobilise resources to address the needs and experiences of very young children both infected and affected by HIV/AIDS. The question is then raised: What can we actually do to include very young children in programming and policy responses in HIV/AIDS affected communities? Supporting existing family and community networks and current efforts that are being made by people confronting HIV/AIDS on a daily basis are important strategies. Conclusions are drawn indicating that services are required urgently to support very young children both directly and through the families and communities in which they live. Ways of listening to and including very young children in these processes need to be developed and used. Partnerships need to be developed between parents, families, NGOs, CBOs and government to ensure the holistic development of the child. At policy levels, very young children need to be included in programmes that address children, HIV/AIDS and community development. All government ministries can participate in meeting the needs of very young children in HIV/AIDS affected communities
This paper argues for the use of a network perspective in representing and evaluating aid interventions. Commonly used linear evaluation tools such as the logical framework (logframe) or problem tree selectively represent what an agency is trying to do, and then assess particular aspects of the intervention. Social network analysis describes social relationships which, the author contends, is what development is about. The wide range of methods and theories for network analysis means that there are lots of ways of thinking about and describing expected outcomes of interventions. Social network analysis is also very flexible in terms of the scale of the project, and can accomodate non-linear processes of change. This paper presents these five arguments for social network analysis, and then describes next steps for developing a coherent approach to evaluation based on a network perspective
This paper argues the need for a new way of thinking about stigma and discrimination that acknowledges the processes that cause it and addresses them. It suggests a conceptual framework in which stigma and discrimination are seen as social processes designed to produce and reproduce inequalities and maintain social control, rather than as individual actions. It argues that under this framework there is a need for new approaches to research and for programme developments and interventions that engage societies, communities and people who experience stigma and discrimination, while also acknowledging that this needs to be accompanied by laws and policies that protect the rights of people living with HIV and those affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic
This paper draws on two studies of children in urban Lusaka, Zambia that examined psychological and social adjustment. The orphan study was of orphans living with members of their extended family. The family study was of children living with one or two parents who had been diagnosed as being HIV-positive
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion