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Rights to water and sanitation for people with disabilities in Madagascar

December 2016

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"This paper illustrates the experiences of the Platform For People with Disabilities (PFPH), working with the support of WaterAid, to highlight and address the gaps in the realisation of the rights of people with disabilities in Madagascar. The focus has been on engaging the government on the National Inclusion Plan for people with disabilities, which includes water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). This pilot project was designed to increase access to safe WASH for people with disabilities through a human rights based approach. It focuses on strengthening the capacities of rights holders, as well as the capacity and the political will of duty bearers to fulfil their obligations towards the progressive realisation of rights. The project has strengthened the capacity of the PFPH to advocate for their rights and engage with government on all areas of their rights, although an increase in actual WASH provision is limited by the government’s lack of capacity and resources". 

7th RWSN Forum “Water for Everyone”, 7 ème Forum RWSN « L’eau pour tous » 29 Nov - 02 Dec 2016, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

Towards inclusive WASH : sharing evidence and experience from the field

July 2012

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"This publication is a record of efforts to achieve equity and inclusion in WASH programming around the world. It includes one keynote paper and 16 case studies from 13 countries. Within its pages there is a clear message that ‘business as usual’ is not sufficient to meet the water and sanitation rights of traditionally excluded or marginalised groups. The case studies are therefore a story of adaptation, of technology, of process and of policy, and innovation to try something new. Many of the case studies are accompanied by supporting materials, including research reports, survey tools and videos. The authors hope these materials will be of use to other practitioners who hope to build on the stories presented in this publication"
Note: full details of each case study are provided on the website

Including disabled people in sanitation and hygiene services

et al
June 2011

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"The needs of disabled people in developing countries are consistently overlooked when it comes to providing sanitation and hygiene services. This reality has severe and widespread consequences for the health, dignity, education and employment of disabled people and their caregivers. This briefing note explores these issues and suggests how more and better research could influence policy and improve programmes"
Briefing note

Identifying and supporting vulnerable people in community-led total sanitation : a Bangladesh case study


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Community – led sanitation often neglects the poorest and most disadvantaged people in society as they are often unable to participate. This paper looked at the experiences of three CLTS communities in Bangladesh. It found that a well being ranking, amongst other things, should be used to help identify vulnerable members in the community and that vulnerable people themselves strongly believe in the power of CLTS to improve their livelihoods and their importance in the participation of CLTS activities. Furthermore, vulnerable people are motivated to move up the sanitation ladder and most households have made improvements to their latrine. Finally, the installation of toilet seats on latrines to aid disabled people has in some cases decreased the sanitation independence of other household members 

Principles and practices for the inclusion of disabled people in access to safe sanitation : a case study from Ethiopia

October 2010

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This briefing note presents a formative evaluation of WaterAid’s pilot project in Butajira, Ethiopia. It highlights background information of the project, key components of the research, the findings of the evaluation and nine guiding principles for development organisations. This note is useful to people interested in the inclusion of disabled people in access to safe sanitation
WaterAid briefing note

Accessibility diagnostic : reviewing the accessibility of WASH facilities

January 2010

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This paper presents the key findings of a study that evaluated the quality and accessibility of facilities built after a training by Handicap International in Madagascar. The study's methodolgy, results and recommendations are highlighted. This paper would be useful for people interested in inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene design for people with disabilities

UNICEF toilet solutions for child-friendly schools in Rwanda


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This conference paper presents a design for standard toilet blocks with single, unisex, accessible toilet cubicles for primary schools in Rwanda. The design is based on the Child Friendly School approach implemented by UNICEF Rwanda in partnership with the Ministry of Education. This paper is useful for people interested in primary school infrastructure

Disability and sanitation : soap and toilets

JONES, Hazel
JANSZ, Shamila
August 2008

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This paper presents water, sanitation and hygiene issues in the context of disability. It examines the implications for WaterAid's work, what issues need to be considered, and the comparative advantages of different starting points and approaches. It would be useful for practitioners interested in inclusive water, sanitation and hygiene initiatives for people with disabilities

Access to water and sanitation in Ghana for persons with disabilities : findings of a KAP survey


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This paper presents the knowledge, attitudes and practices of West Africa Water Initiative partners in issues of disability and accessibility in WATSAN services and programs. The main findings were that partners were aware of the disadvantages and lacked experience and technical skills in dealing with issues of people with disabilities. They recognised that WATSAN facilities were often difficult to access. Practical ideas and suggestions are provided to address these problems. The information from this study also helped in the designing of a training workshop for West Africa Water Initiative (WAWI) partners and people with disabilities in some of these practical approaches

33rd WEDC International Conference
Accra, Ghana

Menstrual hygiene : breaking the silence | Beyond construction : use by all|A collection of case studies from sanitation and hygiene promotion practitioners in South Asia

AHMED, Rokeya
YESMIN, Kabita

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This paper provides information about an awareness-builidng programme from WaterAid Bangladesh focusing on the issue of menstrual hygiene. It highlights the incorporation of menstrual awareness and management in sanitation and hygiene programmes. This paper is useful for people interested in menstrual hygiene issues

Including persons with disabilities in water and sanitation project : Mali : evaluation phase

October 2007

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“The following case study is an example of a pilot project, including a follow up evaluation and further research on water and sanitation facilities for people with disabilities. It shows how people with disabilities have been included in both the implementation and evaluation stages of a pilot project. WaterAid has used the lessons learned for mainstreaming disability in all its water and sanitation projects”

Note: This is an abridged version of a case study written by Tom Russell and WaterAid Mali, Oct. 2007

Screened toilet, bathing and menstruation units for the earthquake response in NWFP, Pakistan

NAWAZ, Jamila
et al

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This paper describes an initiative that put screened toilets, bathing and menstruation units into emergency camps in rural mountain areas in northern Pakistan, following an earthquake in October 2005. Design drawings are provided, and recommendations for improvements are given, based upon the feedback from users of the facilities. This information would be useful for people interested in hygiene units

Child survival in sub-Saharan Africa : taking stock


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This paper presents the findings and recommendations of research, funded by USAID, to understand better the growing gap between Africa and the rest of the world in achieving the UN Millennium Development Goals that relate to child health. It aims to provide an analysis of child health trends in order to identify how USAID could improve its contribution to improving child health in Africa

The child health MDG : what water, sanitation and hygiene can do


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This briefing note presents information about water, sanitation and hygiene relating to child health - the fourth millennium development goal. Key information is presented with supporting facts, case examples and photos. This resource is useful for people interested in child health and water, sanitation and hygiene

Waterborne disease in Pakistan


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This paper describes the situation and challenges of clean water sources, sanitation and waterborne diseases in Pakistan. Saharo Welfare Organization's community development projects are also highlighted. This paper is useful for people interested in waterborne diseases in Pakistan


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