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Psychosocial care and support for older carers of orphaned and vulnerable children : policy guidelines

MLILO, Ncazelo
MEINTJES, Berenice

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This policy guideline is "intended to offer a concise description of the concept of psychosocial support and how it relates to older carers of orphaned and vulnerable children in a time of HIV and AIDS. It offers recommended strategic focus areas which may be used to influence policies which provide support for older carers. Policy makers may find the guidelines helpful in providing ideas to effect changes that will improve the wellbeing of older carers"

Memory work training manual

DENIS, Philippe
et al
September 2009

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This manual is designed to assist in training memory facilitators who will be working with orphans and vulnerable children to support them and strengthen their resillince

Playgroup resource book : for children aged 3-5 years and 6-12 years

May 2009

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This book is designed to allow those facilitating the playgroup sessions the flexibility to pick and choose activities, games, songs and group lessons that are suited to the children they are working with, the time and materials available to them, and their geographical location and setting. Play can be especially important for orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) because the physical and emotional trauma they may face makes them more vulnerable to sadness and ill-health than other children. Non-structured and structured play become very important support activities for OVC because of all they can do to improve a child’s physical and emotional well-being

A handbook for network support agents and other community workers supporting HIV prevention, care, support and treatment

March 2009

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This manual is intended to help network support agents and other community workers be more effective in disseminating standardised information about HIV and AIDS. It "...emphasises the importance of the acquisition of knowledge, skills and the right attitude needed to identify the psychosocial needs of people of people infected and affected by HIV/AIDS and address these needs by giving information, counselling and appropriate referrals. Knowledge of counselling and psychosocial care, is combined as much as possible with prevention activities such as adopting HIV basic care positive prevention and adherence to treatment"

The child within : connecting with children who have experienced grief and loss

August 2008

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This workbook arose out of a need expressed by volunteer caregivers who were experiencing serious difficulties in looking after orphaned children. The book breaks new ground in promoting resilience in children who have suffered grief and personal loss. It does so by enabling adults who are child care-givers - as parents, guardians, volunteers or professionals - to rediscover and appreciate their own 'child within'. Through structured workshop sessions, participants learn how to communicate more openly and effectively with children. The book incorporates a Christian approach to children as 'a gift from the Lord' (Psalm 127:3), but can be used by a wide variety of community groups and organisations. Although based on professional research on child and adolescent development, the book is written in clear, simple language, and is easily accessible to non-professional child caregivers. During the process of developing and testing the book, the Khulakahle ('to grow well' in Xhosa) Child Counselling & Training Forum was established, in order to carry on the work of training child caregivers

Guidelines for national OVC programme coordination


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"This guide highlights key features of the national OVC programme coordination mechanism that allows for an effective national OVC response with harmonised interventions at different levels. The guide highlights key stakeholder programme coordination roles and composition. The OVC programme coordination mechanism is based on the conceptual understanding and agreement that a multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary and multi-level approach is needed in understanding the needs of OVC and coordinating an effective response to address these needs"

Guidelines for training of trainers (TOT)


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This publication provides guidance for planning, conducting and evaluating workshops for training of trainers. The guidelines cover facilitation skills and an overview of subject matter and aim to support service delivery for orphans and other vulnerable children that meet national quality standards in Uganda

Human resources development planning guide : orphans and other vulnerable children (OVC) service delivery in Uganda


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"This guide has been developed to support human resources development planning of staff managing and implementing the Uganda OVC programme at national and local government levels. The guide is applicable to all staff and partners managing various OVC interventions. The guide accompanies ongoing efforts to enhance the Ugandan Ministry for Gender, Labour and Social Development’s capacity to manage and ensure that all children in Uganda, regardless of their vulnerability, are assisted to reach their full potential as equal citizens of Uganda"

Supporting orphans and other vulnerable children through communication and basic counselling : a reference guide for service providers


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"This guide has been written as a reference resource for non-professional counsellors and staff working with orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) who need to know how to provide some basic counselling as part of psychosocial support for the children in their care or through their projects. This guide does not diminish the need for formal training and additional professional support, but aims to provide information and guidance which can be used with other resources. The guide aims to: * strengthen the capacity of service providers to address the individual and collective psychosocial needs of children and young people; * provide an easy to use two-in-one guide and reference material for child counsellors; * promote the personal and professional development of counsellors and other staff working with children and young people, and * help service providers to assess and deal with challenges in working with orphans and other vulnerable children"

Getting started! : running a junior farmer field and life school|Empowering orphans and vulnerable children living in a world with HIV and AIDS

HILL, Catherine
COLBERT, Patricia

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This manual was developed from the experiences of a number of communities and organisations in southern and eastern Africa in creating Junior Farmer Field and Life Schools as a response to the growing number of orphans and vulnerable children. For many reasons these children more likely than other orphans to be at risk from malnutrition, disease, abuse, stigmatisation and sexual exploitation. The risk of sexual exploitation is particularly significant for those left alone to cope with poverty and who are forced to adopt adult roles and ensure food for the rest of the family. As parents and family members become ill, children take on greater domestic, agricultural and income generating responsibilities. HIV and AIDS has a particular impact on girls who are left to care for ailing parents, or who have to become the heads of households upon the death of caregivers. Also, as many parents are dying at a young age orphaned children are growing up without the necessary knowledge and skills for their future livelihood

A brief guide to memory work monitoring and evaluation

DENIS, Philippe
NTSIMANE, Radikobo
May 2005

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This document aims to assist management and staff of community-based organisations involved in memory work in monitoring and evaluating their programmes. It is based on the experiences of the Sinomlando Centre for Oral History and Memory Work in Africa, which has been involved in memory work for orphans and vulnerable children since 2000

Psychosocial support training manual


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This document recognises that psychosocial support for children affected by HIV and AIDS is as important as responding to their material needs. It explores children's experience of loss and grief, and suggests ways to deal with aggressive behaviour and to overcome stigma and discrimination. Some of the topics discussed are accompanied by useful handouts. It is designed as a training tool for professionals working directly with children or in community building projects

The memory work trainer's manual : supporting families affected by HIV and AIDS


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This manual guides trainers through a course to support parents, guardians and carers affected by HIV and AIDS, by helping them to share information, hopes and fears with their children; strengthen each child's sense of identity and belonging; plan for the future care of their children. The course is designed to be delivered to: parents and other family members living with HIV and AIDS; future guardians of children affected by HIV and AIDS; community workers and volunteers working with children and families affected by HIV and AIDS. The manual draws significantly on the experiences and ideas of NACWOLA trainers and trainees, as well as those of Healthlink Worldwide and others. The course consists of 12 modules, covering child development, parenting, communication between parents, carers, guardians and children, HIV status disclosure, coping with separation, loss and grief, planning for children's future, involving children in planning, preparation for new care arrangements, making a memory book, and related legal aspects

Mapping workshop manual : finding your way through life, society and HIV

et al
March 2004

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This manual was developed through the Memory Box Project, and some of the mapping exercises presented here draw on the tradition of 'memory work'. However, it reflects a shift in emphasis from bereavement and succession planning to positive living in the context of greater availability of antiretroviral therapy, and with people living with HIV/AIDS now having the opportunity to live longer, more productive lives. The mapping exercises described in this manual are designed to encourage empowerment and understanding of available opportunities, identify key components of an enabling environment and promote positive living. Tools presented include journey mapping, body mapping and memory box

Training programme : psycho-social support for orphans and vulnerable children|facilitator's manual

MAYEYA, Petronella
March 2004

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This manual provides guidance to prepare adults, guardians, traditional leader’s skills and other community leaders with knowledge to improve emotional care and support to orphans and vulnerable children (OVC). It is intended for use by all those who are involved in training care givers in the area of providing psychosocial support to OVC

Conducting a situation analysis of orphans and vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS : a framework and resource guide

COX, Adrienne
February 2004

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This document moves towards a standard framework to help people involved in programmes conduct a situation analysis concerning orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs) in the context of HIV/AIDS. It includes the process of planning the situation analysis, defining its purpose, goals and objectives. It provides advice on methods to gather data and frameworks for assessing health, education and economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on OVCs. Analysis, reporting and communication of the information found is discussed

Children's groups trainers' mannual

DENNIS, Philippe
MAFU, Sibongile

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This manual is designed for community workers doing memory work with children by way of children’s groups. A children’s group is a group of orphaned or vulnerable children who meet at regular intervals to share their memories as a way of building up resilience



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