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Civil society report on intellectual property, innovation and health

ACTION RESEARCH AND COMMUNITY HEALTH, INDIA
et al
2006

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This report explores issues of intellectual property rights and low rates of access to medicines in low-income countries. It tries to address the dilemma of encouraging the development of new drugs without patents becoming a hindrance to access. The report finds that while a reasonable system of protection of intellectual property rights can actually support innovation, access to essential drugs is often restricted by government tariffs and taxes and unnecessary regulations

Drug patents under the spotlight : sharing knowledge about pharmaceutical patents

BOULET, Pascale
GARRISON, Christopher
T'HOEN, Ellen
May 2003

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This report is aimed at a non-expert, non-legal audience, and it aims to offer new approaches to those seeking to overcome patent barriers. It focuses on the issues that World Trade Organisation (WTO) Members can control before a patent has been granted, and discusses how to challenge patents that have been granted, giving examples of the different choices available and the consequences of those choices. This publication has arisen from MSF's need to know which medicines are patented in which countries for its operational work - information which is not publicly available in an understandable form. Includes patent data collected regarding 18 pharmaceuticals in 29 countries, and calls for international organisations to establish a comprehensive, understandable, publicly accessible database of patents and drugs

Implications of the Doha Declaration on theTRIPS Agreement and public health

CORREA, Carlos M
June 2002

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The Doha declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health affirmed that the TRIPS Agreement should be interpreted and implemented so as to protect public health and promote access to medicines for all. This paper provides an overview of the Declaration's antecedents, offers a general treatment of its provisions, provides guidance to WTO members in finding solutions to problems it poses, and discusses related issues that are not covered in the Declaration

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