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Managing epidemics - Key facts about major deadly diseases

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO)
2018

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The manual is structured in three parts.

  • Part One “Epidemics of the 21st century” provides vital insights on the main features of the 21st century upsurge and the indispensable elements to manage them.
  • Part Two “Be in the know. 10 key facts about 15 deadly diseases” contains key information about 15 diseases (Ebola Virus Disease, Lassa Fever, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever, Yellow Fever, Zika, Chikungunya, Avian and Other Zoonotic Influenza, Seasonal Influenza, Pandemic Influenza, Middle East Respiratory Syndrome, Cholera, Monkeypox, Plague, Leptospirosis and Meningococcal Meningitis). This section provides tips on the interventions required to respond to epidemics of all these diseases.
  • Part Three “Tool boxes” gives an overview and summarized guidance on some other important topics, including: the role of WHO, the International Coordinating Group, laboratory diagnosis and shipment of infectious diseases substances, and vector control.

 

The handbook enables the three levels of WHO – its Headquarters, Regional Offices and Country Offices to work efficiently together by building the foundations of a shared conceptual and thinking framework, which includes common terminology. 

Diarrhoea : why children are still dying and what can be done

2009

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This website focuses on a package of proven prevention and treatment measures for diarrhoea. It is divided into sections which include: the global burden of diarrhoea, the basics of diarrhoeal diseases; where we stand today in preventing and treating childhood diarrhoea; and a seven-point plan for comprehensive diarrhoeal control. The website is a version of the UNICEF/WHO report 'Diarrhoea: why children are still dying and what can be done'. It would be useful to the general public, health workers, government, NGOs, United Nations organisations, policy makers and private sector workers

Diarrhoea : why children are still dying and what can be done

WHITE JOHANSSON, Emily
WARD, Tessa
et al
2009

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"The objective of this WHO/UNICEF report is to focus attention on the prevention and management of diarrhoeal diseases as central to improving child survival. It examines the latest available information on the burden and distribution of childhood diarrhoea. It also analyses how well countries are doing in making available key interventions proven to reduce its toll. Most importantly, it lays out a new strategy for diarrhoea control, one that is based on interventions drawn from different sectors that have demonstrated potential to save children’s lives. It sets out a 7-point plan that includes a treatment package to reduce childhood diarrhoea deaths, as well as a prevention package to make a lasting reduction in the diarrhoea burden in the medium to long term"

Working together for better health

DEPARTMENT FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (DFID)
2007

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This paper sets out DFID’s strategy to support developing countries in improving the health of their people and reaching the Millennium Development Goals

Vaccine anxieties : global science, child health and society

LEACH, Melissa
2007

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"This book explores how parents understand and engage with childhood vaccination in contrasting global contexts. This rapidly advancing and universal technology has sparked dramatic controversy, whether over MMR in the UK or oral polio vaccines in Nigeria. Combining a fresh anthropological perspective with detailed field research, the book examines anxieties emerging as highly globalized vaccine technologies and technocracies encounter the deeply intimate personal and social worlds of parenting and childcare, and how these are part of transforming science-society relations"

A model quality assurance system for procurement agencies : recommendations for quality assurance systems focusing on prequalification of products and manufacturers, purchasing, storage and distribution of pharmaceutical products

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2007

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This report is intended to assist organisations purchasing pharmaceutical products, vaccines or other health sector goods, or who are otherwise involved in the prequalification, purchasing, storage and distribution of such products. It addresses the general requirement for the quality assurance system that needs to be in place at all procurement agencies and sets out recommendations that these agencies should implement when evaluating product needs, assessing the products offered and the manufacturing and supply arrangements. It also describes principles of purchasing pharmaceutical products, how to receive and store them; good distribution practices; and monitoring and reassessment of products and contracted-out activities. This document was previously published as Annex 6 of the 40th Report of the WHO Expert Committee on Specifications for Pharmaceutical Preparations (Technical report 937, 2006).

Disease control priorities in developing countries. 2nd edition. Chapter 2. Intervention cost-effectiveness: overview of main messages.

LAXMINARAYAN, Ramanan
et al
2006

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Drawing from the collective knowledge and analytical work of the many experts who have contributed to this volume, this chapter provides a broader perspective on the relative efficiency and effect on health of a number of interventions than is possible in a single, condition-specific chapter. The objective is to provide information on the cost-effectiveness estimates for 319 interventions covering nearly every disease condition considered in the volume, and the resulting avertable burden of disease. This chapter provides broad conclusions on the economic efficiency of using these interventions to improve health.

 

Immunization in practice : a guide for health workers

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2004

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Contents: Module 1. Target diseases -- module 2. The vaccines -- module 3. The cold chain -- module 4. Ensuring safe injections -- module 5. Planning immunization session to reach every infant -- module 6. Holding an immunization session -- module 7. Monitoring and using you data -- module 8. Building community support for immunization

Drug and therapeutics committees : a practical guide

HOLLOWAY, Kathleen
GREEN, Terry
2003

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This guide provides guidance to doctors, pharmacists, hospital managers and other professionals who may be serving on Drug and Therapeutics Committees (DTCs) and/or who are concerned with how to improve the quality and cost efficiency of therapeutic care. It is relevant for all kinds of DTCs - whether in public or private hospitals and whether at district or tertiary referral level. This manual covers a committee's functions and structure, the medicines formulary process, and how to assess new medicines. The chapters on tools to investigate drug use and strategies to promote rational use are followed by a discussion of antimicrobial resistance and infection control. The publication concludes by explaining in detail how to start a committee or improve the effectiveness of an existing one

HIV/AIDS : a resource for journalists

SOUL CITY INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION
et al
2002

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A consice handbook to help journalists cover HIV/AIDS in an effective and responsible manner. Provides South African-based contacts, websites and basic information on a wide range of HIV-related issues

State of the world's vaccines and immunization

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Vaccines and Biologicals
2002

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This report warns that unless urgent and strategic action is taken to close the gaps in funding, research and global immunization coverage, the world will see the re-introduction of old diseases and the emergence of new infections. The report is also available on CD-ROM

State of the world's vaccines and immunization

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Vaccines and Biologicals
2002

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This report warns that unless urgent and strategic action is taken to close the gaps in funding, research and global immunization coverage, the world will see the re-introduction of old diseases and the emergence of new infections. The report is also available in printed form

New products into old systems : The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI) from a country perspective

STARLING, Mary
BRUGHA, Ruairi
WALT, Gill
January 2002

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Based on research in four countries - Mozambique, Ghana, Lesotho and Tanzania - this report examines the impact of GAVI on national health priorities and public health systems. It focuses on country experiences of applying for support, the capacity of systems to incorporate and utilise new vaccines effectively, and sustainably. The report finds that, while most countries are glad of the political interest immunisation systems are gaining through GAVI, they have concerns about a number of issues: the pressure to make rapid decisions on vaccine selection; the usefulness of reward and evaluation criteria; delays in vaccine availability; and problems related to needle disposal

Ensuring the quality of vaccine at country level : guidelines for health staff

WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION (WHO). Department of Vaccines and Biologicals
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF). Supply Division
et al
2002

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These guidelines were prepared for countries procuring their vaccines through UNICEF, and are aimed at programme and regulatory authority personnel at country level, UNICEF and WHO country staff, and all who handle, store and use vaccines. They describe the procedures necessary for ensuring vaccine quality from production to administration, and address identified problems with shipping, receiving, quality control, release, storage, distribution and administration

Vaccines and Biologicals biennial report 00/01

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Vaccines and Biologicals
2002

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This report highlights the achievements of the Vaccines and Biologicals Department of the World Health Organization (WHO). In particular it highlights the formation of the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, the drop in the number of polio cases, the lack of progress in the research and development field, and the lack of access that over 37 million children still have to immunization services. In the light of these findings it lists where its efforts will focused in the future. These include facilitating and coordinating research and development activities on vaccines against diseases of poverty; strengthening routine immunization services and vaccine-preventable disease surveillance; identifying and implementing long-term financial sustainability mechanisms; certifying the world as polio-free and addressing post-eradication technical challenges;and accelerating efforts to control diseases and reduce vaccine-preventable mortality through supplemental immunicsation activities

WHO vaccine-preventable diseases : monitoring system. 2001 global summary

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO). Department of Vaccines and Biologicals
October 2001

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This global summary is divided into two sections. The first provides information on the reported incidence of vaccine preventable diseases on a regional basis, and the second part contains individual country profiles, indicators of the performance of immunization systems, and a time series of the reported incidence and immunization coverage for all countries

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