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Opportunities to scale up participatory approaches for youth and media

CHETLEY, Andrew
March 2004

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This paper looks at a different way to scale up participatory approaches, in particular a method that involves participatory communication. It considers how communication, participation, networking, diversity and association relate to the issue of scaling up. It gives examples of participatory approaches to communication which have worked when scaled up, along with the key lessons and principles that can be extracted

Chronic poverty report 2004-05

CHRONIC POVERTY RESEARCH CENTRE (CPRC)
2004

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This major report presents an overview of the chronic poverty facing some 400 million people, and the policy implications. The report examines what chronic poverty is and why it matters, who the chronically poor are, where they live, what causes poverty to be persistent and what should be done about it. A section of regional perspectives looks at the experience of chronic poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, transitional countries and China. A statistical appendix brings together data on global trends on chronic poverty

Double exposure : disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

SWEENEY, Jacinta
2004

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This paper argues that the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is in need of more attention. People with various disabilities are more exposed to contracting HIV/AIDS: firstly, because they are deprived of their right to HIV/AIDS information; secondly, because disabled women in particular are sexually exploited due to society’s paralleling of disability with worthlessness. Fundamentally, people with disabilities are further exposed to HIV/AIDS because they are socially excluded. The paper uses the social exclusion framework to argue that there is a need to view social exclusion, disability and HIV/AIDS as part of a relationship. It reviews the debate of definitions of disability and presents various scenarios that illustrate the overlap between poverty and disability, the inaccessibility of HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) and attitudinal discrimination towards disabled people. The response of some key donors, governments and non-governmental organisations to the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS is also reviewed. The paper concludes that the social exclusion framework is useful in order to understand the conceptualisation of disability and that this conceptualisation must be adapted to the social model, which removes the onus of disability from the person to society

Defining orphaned and vulnerable children

SKINNER, D
et al
2004

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This research forms part of a broader project aimed at development and evaluation of interventions for orphaned and vulnerable children. The paper aims to provide a definitional framework and an understanding of orphans and vulnerability

Disability and the labour market : data gaps and needs in Latin America and the Caribbean

HERNANDEZ-LICONA, Gonzalo
2004

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This article is concerned with the difficulties in estimating the prevalence of, and economic costs connected to, disability in Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic consequences of disability are high and largely under-estimated. A common definition must be agreed upon before disability and its links to other labour variables can be analysed, and increased resources are key to gathering the data needed for this analysis

CBR : a strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities - joint position paper 2004

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
et al
2004

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In 1994 the ILO, WHO and UNESCO published the first version of this joint position paper. Since then progress has been made in several fields. Nevertheless many disabled people are still not reached or included in the fields of rehabilitation, employment or education - particularly disabled women, people with mental health problems or HIV/AIDS and poor disabled people.
This paper underlines that community-based rehabilitation is a strategy promoting multi-sectoral collaboration to reach different community groups. CBR has to be based on the principles of equal opportunities, participation and human rights.

A framework for conceptualising and reviewing vulnerability to malaria, TB and HIV

TOLHURST, R
THEOBALD, S
June 2003

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This policy brief aims to define vulnerability in the context of infectious disease and provide a framework for analysis. The framework can be used to identify factors that influence vulnerability to infectious disease, including vulnerability to exposure, infection, progression to disease, progression to severe disease, and the effects of disease. The paper identifies strategic areas for further research, the implications for policy makers and future directions for research, interventions and policy

International consultation to review community-based rehabilitation (CBR)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This document summarises the outcomes of the international consultation. The main conclusions were that human rights play a role in CBR, CBR has to be supported by national governments, various sectors have to cooperate and that UN agencies, governments and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) have to promote CBR as a poverty re-education strategy

CBR works best the way local people see it and build it

MILES, M
January 2003

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"The growth in availability of practical information by which people may manage disability in home and local community, and some problems of transmission and cultural adaptation, are reviewed. There is a growing menace of simplistic globalised packages, promoted by deeply confused 'flying experts', ignoring or dismissing the indigenous concepts, knowledge and skills that are essential to success in disability service innovation"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 14, No 1

Poverty, disability and impairment in the developing world

DURHAM, Michael
2003

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A summary of the report "Perspectives on disability, poverty and technology" written by Albert, McBride and Seddon. This summary defines disability and impairment, and emphasises the social model of disability. It demonstrates the links between poverty, disability and impairment, and advocates for the mainstreaming of disability into all development projects

Mobilising the community : a PILLARS guide

CARTER, Isabel
2003

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This guide looks at an example of community mobilisation that is based on using outside facilitators and workshops. However, recognising that resources to employ external facilitators and run such workshops may not be available, it takes the basis of the mobilisation process and shares it in a way that will help a well-organised and motivated group to use the process without outside help. It looks at participatory methodologies that can be used to focus on key community issues, how to gather information, presenting information and planning the action. It will be helpful to small groups or NGOs seeking to bring changes that benefit local people

HIV/AIDS mainstreaming : a definition, some experiences and strategies

ELSEY, Helen
KUTENGULE, Prisca
Eds
January 2003

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This resource pack aims to help decision makers in government ministries strategise their contribution to the response to HIV and AIDS. With a particular slant for governments that work with Sector-Wide Approaches (SWAps), it offers examples and models for integrating a mainstreamed approach to HIV and AIDS across any areas of government or civil society activity. Usefully, it offers a carefully thought-through and well-explained definition for mainstreaming, which helps establish the goals and limits of mainstreamed activities, and positions them in relation to the core functions and responsibilities of a government body

Time to get online : steps to success on the Internet

KABISSA
2003

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Guide to help African civil society organisations to get online and integrate the Internet into their organisations. Five chapters cover: Connecting to the Internet; Accessing Information Resources; Interacting Online; Establishing and Maintaining a Web Site; Next Steps - Integrating the Internet into Your Organization. Also includes a glossary of Internet terms and a list of further resources. Available to download free as PDF file or can be ordered in print with an accompanying CD-ROM for the cost of postage and packing

Making sense of research : developing critical appraisal skills

MURPHY, Colleen
et al
2003

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Critical appraisal is the process of assessing and interpreting evidence by systematically considering its validity, results and relevance. The pointers and tips in this primer should help readers evaluate research and make more informed decisions. The examples are geared mostly to quantitative, clinical research on HIV/AIDS

Definitions of disability in Europe : a comparative analysis

MABBETT, Deborah
Eds
September 2002

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This report examines the definitions of disability found in social policy throughout European Union member states and Norway. It differentiates between anti-discrimination legislation and more restrictive social policy and would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability studies and legislation

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