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Monitoring child disability in developing countries : results from the multiple indicator cluster surveys

UNITED NATIONS CHILDRENS FUND (UNICEF)
UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN
2008

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Using the ten question screen for children with disability in the multiple indicator cluster survey (MICS) in 20 countries, this report aims "to raise awareness and thereby both prevent new cases of child disability when that is possible and ensure protection and inclusion for children with disabilities. The findings presented in this publication provide decision-makers with basic information from a number of diverse countries that can be used to determine priorities related to child disability, including the prevention of childhood disabilities, the early detection of disorders leading to disability, and the timely provision of medical-rehabilitation services and comprehensive support to families with children with disabilities"

Anti-retroviral therapy (ART) information kit

AIDS RESOURCE CENTRE
2005

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This infopack includes five inserts, which provide background information on antiretroviral therapy (what it is, challenges to implementing safe and effective antiretroviral programmes); antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Ethiopia, including details of where ART is available and eligibility for treatment; general health indicators for Ethiopia, including demography and health service statistics; a statement on the impact of HIV and AIDS in Ethiopia, from societal to community and individual level; and a glossary of words related to HIV and AIDS treatment

Opportunities to scale up participatory approaches for youth and media

CHETLEY, Andrew
March 2004

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This paper looks at a different way to scale up participatory approaches, in particular a method that involves participatory communication. It considers how communication, participation, networking, diversity and association relate to the issue of scaling up. It gives examples of participatory approaches to communication which have worked when scaled up, along with the key lessons and principles that can be extracted

Double exposure : disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa

SWEENEY, Jacinta
2004

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This paper argues that the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa is in need of more attention. People with various disabilities are more exposed to contracting HIV/AIDS: firstly, because they are deprived of their right to HIV/AIDS information; secondly, because disabled women in particular are sexually exploited due to society’s paralleling of disability with worthlessness. Fundamentally, people with disabilities are further exposed to HIV/AIDS because they are socially excluded. The paper uses the social exclusion framework to argue that there is a need to view social exclusion, disability and HIV/AIDS as part of a relationship. It reviews the debate of definitions of disability and presents various scenarios that illustrate the overlap between poverty and disability, the inaccessibility of HIV/AIDS information, education and communication (IEC) and attitudinal discrimination towards disabled people. The response of some key donors, governments and non-governmental organisations to the situation regarding disability and HIV/AIDS is also reviewed. The paper concludes that the social exclusion framework is useful in order to understand the conceptualisation of disability and that this conceptualisation must be adapted to the social model, which removes the onus of disability from the person to society

Mobilising the community : a PILLARS guide

CARTER, Isabel
2003

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This guide looks at an example of community mobilisation that is based on using outside facilitators and workshops. However, recognising that resources to employ external facilitators and run such workshops may not be available, it takes the basis of the mobilisation process and shares it in a way that will help a well-organised and motivated group to use the process without outside help. It looks at participatory methodologies that can be used to focus on key community issues, how to gather information, presenting information and planning the action. It will be helpful to small groups or NGOs seeking to bring changes that benefit local people

HIV/AIDS mainstreaming : a definition, some experiences and strategies

ELSEY, Helen
KUTENGULE, Prisca
Eds
January 2003

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This resource pack aims to help decision makers in government ministries strategise their contribution to the response to HIV and AIDS. With a particular slant for governments that work with Sector-Wide Approaches (SWAps), it offers examples and models for integrating a mainstreamed approach to HIV and AIDS across any areas of government or civil society activity. Usefully, it offers a carefully thought-through and well-explained definition for mainstreaming, which helps establish the goals and limits of mainstreamed activities, and positions them in relation to the core functions and responsibilities of a government body

Time to get online : steps to success on the Internet

KABISSA
2003

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Guide to help African civil society organisations to get online and integrate the Internet into their organisations. Five chapters cover: Connecting to the Internet; Accessing Information Resources; Interacting Online; Establishing and Maintaining a Web Site; Next Steps - Integrating the Internet into Your Organization. Also includes a glossary of Internet terms and a list of further resources. Available to download free as PDF file or can be ordered in print with an accompanying CD-ROM for the cost of postage and packing

Documenting HIV/AIDS best practice

UNASO
August 2002

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This is one of the good practice series produced by the Uganda Network of AIDS Service Organisations (UNASO), and provides a useful summary of the issues around identifying, understanding and documenting good practice in HIV prevention, care and support. Particular emphasis is placed on describing the criteria or elements of "best practice"

Collecting and propagating local development content : synthesis and conclusions

BALLANTYNE, Peter
May 2002

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Drawing from a consultation process to examine how local content in developing countries is created, adapted, and exchanged, this report provides some answers to these questions. It is a synthesis of lessons; the case stories which are reproduced in an accompanying report provide details on actual experienses and lessons from the ground

Social capital : a multifaceted perspective

DASGUPTA, Partha
SERAGELDIN, Ismail
Eds
2001

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This collection of essays debates the definition of social capital, broadly understood as the the effect social networks and shared attitudes can have on economic performance, and asks how the concept can be applied to development policy and analysis. Among the questions debated are how do social capital theories help broaden thinking about development?; what impact do informal social networks have on the state and other formal organisations?; and what role does trust play within large organizations? This book is of interest to people seeking a better understanding of social capital and its impact on development efforts

Depression in developing countries : lessons from Zimbabwe

PATEL, Vikram
et al
2001

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Depression is one of the most important causes of morbidity and disability in developing countries. Zimbabwe, in common with other developing nations, has absolute poverty, economic reform programmes, limited public health services, widespread private and traditional health-care services, civil unrest, cultural diversity and sex inequality. This study looked at research on depression in Zimbabwe over the past 15 years, covering ethnographic and epidemiological studies in a range of populations. The findings are compared with research from other developing and developed countries. The report also examines the validity of the World Health Organization's classifications and medical concepts of depression, the public health implications of depression, and the implications for clinical practice and research in the context of developing countries

Definition of disability in selected national legislation

DEPARTMENT FOR ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL AFFAIRS, UNITED NATIONS

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This useful resource is a collection of definitions of disability, as presented in selected national legislation and international agencies from across the globe. It also includes the dates when various countries implemented disability rights legislation. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability, human rights and legislation

Education : towards inclusion

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO)

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This section of the UNESCO's education website hosts definitions of concepts, policies and publications relating to inclusive education. UNESCO has identified certain issues as 'flagship initiatives', to strengthen efforts at addressing the issues through partnerships between UN bodies and other stakeholders. Case studies, support materials for teachers and those promoting inclusive education, and a set of guides to the education of different groups of learners are also available in the online materials section

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