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CBR : a strategy for rehabilitation, equalization of opportunities, poverty reduction and social inclusion of people with disabilities - joint position paper 2004

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
International Labour Organization (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
et al
2004

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In 1994 the ILO, WHO and UNESCO published the first version of this joint position paper. Since then progress has been made in several fields. Nevertheless many disabled people are still not reached or included in the fields of rehabilitation, employment or education - particularly disabled women, people with mental health problems or HIV/AIDS and poor disabled people.
This paper underlines that community-based rehabilitation is a strategy promoting multi-sectoral collaboration to reach different community groups. CBR has to be based on the principles of equal opportunities, participation and human rights.

A framework for conceptualising and reviewing vulnerability to malaria, TB and HIV

TOLHURST, R
THEOBALD, S
June 2003

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This policy brief aims to define vulnerability in the context of infectious disease and provide a framework for analysis. The framework can be used to identify factors that influence vulnerability to infectious disease, including vulnerability to exposure, infection, progression to disease, progression to severe disease, and the effects of disease. The paper identifies strategic areas for further research, the implications for policy makers and future directions for research, interventions and policy

Definitions of disability in Europe : a comparative analysis

MABBETT, Deborah
Eds
September 2002

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This report examines the definitions of disability found in social policy throughout European Union member states and Norway. It differentiates between anti-discrimination legislation and more restrictive social policy and would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability studies and legislation

Community-based rehabilitation CBR : for and with people with disabilities

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
World Health Organization (WHO)
et al
2002

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The purpose of this paper is to continue to promote community-based rehabilitation (CBR) and its objectives as part of the ongoing efforts that are needed to achieve social inclusion and equalization of opportunities for people with disabilities. It is also an attempt to clarify for policy-makers and programme managers the approaches for implementing CBR, to promote increased participation of Disabled People's Organisations inlcuding organisations of their family members in CBR programmes, and to encourage increased collaboration and cooperation among all governmental and nongovernmental services and groups that can contribute to the success of CBR. This is a key document that gives a definition of CBR, as agreed by three key UN organisations. It is a useful tool for CBR policy-makers and planners

Disability census questions, the perspective of developing countries

MBOGONI, Margaret
2002

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This paper reviews questions used in developing countries to identify persons with disabilities on the one hand, and the estimates of disability prevalence obtained by the different types of questions on the other. The paper also reviews census questions on disability used in the 1990 census round for differences in concepts and type of question used. It also reviews available questions used in the 2000 round of censuses and compares the approach used in national studies to the one in the United Nations Principles and recommendations for population and housing censuses

Language and cultural issues in surveys of the European Union : a short description and an example of fundamental problems and practical solutions

OYEN, H VAN
et al
2002

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Social statistics are a difficult task when comparing countries that are using different languages and have different social systems. The experience from the European Union shows that there are ways around this problem: but the different countries have to agree first on a conceptual framework, standard instruments and common methods of analysis. The example of the European Union describes a possible use of these tools

Legal capacity

OFFICE OF THE UNITED NATIONS HIGH COMMISSIONER FOR HUMAN RIGHTS (UNHCHR)

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This paper provides an overview of the way in which the terms ‘recognition everywhere as a person before the law’ and ‘legal capacity’ are used in existing human rights law treaties and in selected domestic legal systems. The purpose is to assess the relationship between these two terms and other terms like ‘legal personality’, ‘juridical capacity’ and ‘capacity to act,’ and specifically, with regard to the convention on the rights of persons with disabilities

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