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Home truths : the phenomenon of residential care for children in a time of AIDS

MEINTJES, Helen
et al
June 2007

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The main sections fo this report describe how the international child welfare sector and the South African government define and conceptualise the role of residential care in the context of the HIV epidemic; analyse the basic characteristics of children found to be resident in the range of settings identified; and provide a detailed exploration of different aspects of residential care settings in the study sites. The primary conclusions drawn from the findings are grouped into six areas: children in residential care; knowledge and practice regarding HIV and AIDS; policy discourse; complexity of residential care provision 'on the ground'; registration; and the interface between legislation, government practice and residential care provision

Climate change : impacts, vulnerabilities and adaption in developing countries

UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)
2007

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This book highlights the concerns and needs of developing countries in adapting to the effects of climate change. It outlines the impact of climate change in four developing country regions: Africa, Asia, Latin America and small island developing States; the vulnerability of these regions to future climate change; current adaptation plans, strategies and actions; and future adaptation options and needs

Africa's orphaned and vulnerable generations : children affected by AIDS

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
August 2006

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This is an update of an earlier report 'Africa's orphaned generations' (2003) which incorporates new and refined estimates of the number of children orphaned in sub-Saharan Africa and the impact of AIDS and orphaning. While the situation is complex, this report provides information on the circumstances of children affected by the AIDS epidemic with an aim to encouraging action

HIV prevention with especially vulnerable young people : case studies of success and innovation

WOOD, Kate
et al
May 2006

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This follow-up publication is intended to be read in conjunction with 'HIV/AIDS prevention and care for especially vulnerable young people: a framework for action', which set out five core principles underpinning effective HIV/AIDS prevention programming with young people: putting the young person first; promoting meaningful participation; a commitment to rights; promoting gender equity; and tackling risk and vulnerability. It outlines five case studies. Each case study describes how these principles have been put into action, through innovative approaches to working with young people who are homeless, using drugs, selling sex or living in deprived communities. Case studies come from Argentina, India, Iran, Kenya and Nigeria. This is a useful resource for policy-makers, practitioners and researchers working to promote young people's sexual health in resource-constrained settings

2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2006

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This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. Provides an impact analysis of AIDS on populations at risk and civil society. Looks at effective ways to prevent, control and treat the disease. Indicates how to improve allocation and use of financial resources, design and implement effective national policies and approach the response from a strategic perspective rather than in terms of crisis management. Annexes include country profiles, essential statistics and country progress indicators

Neglected tropical diseases : hidden successes, emerging opportunities

World Health Organization [WHO]
2006

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This report looks at neglected tropical diseases. These diseases particularly affect poor and disadvantaged people with limited access to health services and have a low profile and status in public health priorities. Despite the challenges involved, some progress has been made through interventions around particular diseases in certain countries. This report highlights some of those successes

Civil society involvement in rapid assessment, analysis and action planning (RAAAP) for orphans and vulnerable children : an independent review

GOSLING, Louisa
July 2005

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This review explores civil society organisations' experiences of the Rapid Assessement, Analysis and Action Planning (RAAAP) process - an initiative launched by USAID, UNICEF, UNAIDS, and the World Food Program - for orphans and other vulnerable children in November 2003. It comprises of a review of where civil society organisations were involved and where they were not and an overview of the process of their invovlement. It also offers recommendations for existing and future RAAAPs to ensure greater invovlement of civil society organisations, and includes individual reports on the 16 sub-Saharan African countries invovled in the first round of RAAAP in 2004

Guide to monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV/AIDS

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
February 2005

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One of the major challenges facing governments, international organisations and non-governmental organisations in their responses to children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS is the lack of data on the quality and effectiveness of their interventions. This document provides guidance to these institutions in the monitoring and evaluation of the national response for children orphaned and made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS. It includes methods and tools for measurement at the national level. The guide is organised into two parts. The first discusses issues relevant to the general monitoring and evaluation of orphans and other children made vulnerable by HIV and AIDS and the second part provides specific guidance in the use of the recommended indicators

Women in action : improving the quality of disabled children's lives

HARTLEY, Sally
et al
2005

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"This book represents the ideas of the local community on how to support disabled children and their families and provides a very useful starting point for other women's groups who want to improve the quality of life of disabled children in their own communities. The process described can assist in establishing community led action for disabled people in resource poor areas of the world."

More than words? action for orphans and vulnerable children in Africa : Monitoring progress towards the UN Declaration of Commitment on HIV/AIDS

YOUNG, Helen
Ed
2005

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This qualitative research looks at how far the rights and needs of orphans and vulnerable children are being met in four of the worst-affected countries in sub-Saharan Africa. Based on surveys and focus group discussions with children, parents, caregivers and officials in Ethiopia, Mozambique, Uganda and Zambia, this report offers an insight into how far commitments are being met and provides practical recommendations for action at both a national and an international level

USAID project profiles : children affected by HIV/AIDS

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
January 2005

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This document presents profiles of 114 projects (90 country-specific, 12 regional, and 12 global) funded by USAID. It includes a section on USAID projects that support access to education in Africa. The project profiles include the names of implementing organisations, funding periods and amounts, objectives, strategies, key accomplishments, priority activities for the year ahead, and materials and tools available to other projects that can help meet the needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. The diversity of these projects demonstrates the US government's efforts to meet the wide variety of needs of children and youth affected by HIV and AIDS. Approaches vary in both strategy and scale. The vast majority of projects work with communities to identify opportunities that strengthen existing resources without undermining local ownership. In many places, communities are already mobilised and have systems in place to identify, protect, and provide basic necessities to the most vulnerable children. USAID supports the strengthening and monitoring of these existing activities

Participatory vulnerability analysis : a step-by-step guide for field staff

CHIWAKA, Ethelet
Yates, Roger
2005

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This guide is to assist field workers and communities to analyse people's vulnerability. The guide is divided into three major parts: part 1 provides insights into key aspects of vulnerability, as different people often have different levels of understanding about it; part 2 contains suggestions of how best to prepare for a PVA, how to conduct the analysis and how to generate action; part 3 is an appendix providing suggestions for compiling the data generated through PVA, ideas for advocacy work and an example terms of reference

Global health watch 2005-2006 : an alternative world health report

LEMA, Claudia
et al
2005

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This report is the result of a collaboration of leading popular movements, NGOs, activists, academics and health workers. It provides an evidence-based analysis of the political economy of health and health care and challenges policies and initiatives of global organisations including the World Bank, the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Many key issues relevant to health are covered, including health care services and systems, health of vulnerable groups, climate change, food and water, education, armed conflicts. Part E also provides and assessment of the impact global institutions, transnational corporations and rich countries. This report is a call for action, directed to health workers and activists and national and international policy-makers

Children on the brink 2004 : a joint report of new orphan estimates and a framework for action

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
USAID
July 2004

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Millions of children are growing up without parents. Millions more are in households with family members sick or dying from AIDS; children in sub-Saharan Africa have been hardest hit. This report presents the latest statistics on historical, current and projected numbers of children under 18 who have been orphaned by AIDS and other causes. This edition of the biennial report underscores the changing needs of this vulnerable group as they progress through adolescence and calls for the urgent development and expansion of family and community support

HIV/AIDS and disability: capturing hidden voices. Global survey on HIV/AIDS and disability

GROCE, Nora
April 2004

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This is a report of the global survey carried out by the Yale School of Public Health and the World Bank, into the research, policies and programmes that concern the impact of HIV/AIDS on disabled people. The report outlines the research methods used and the findings of the research. It concludes that HIV/AIDS represents a significant threat to disabled individuals and populations around the globe, at rates at least comparable to and quite possibly significantly higher than those affecting the general public. Moreover, findings from the survey clearly document that individuals with disability are not included in most AIDS outreach efforts

Understanding the needs of orphans and other children affected by HIV and AIDS in Africa : the state of the science

BIRDTHISTLE, Isolde
April 2004

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To date, responses to the needs of orphans and vulnerable children have not typically been guided by research, though a body of empirical evidence related to the impact of HIV and AIDS on children is growing. USAID/AFR/SD and the SARA project commissioned a review of 48 selected studies to summarize the findings that represent the most current understanding of children's vulnerability due to AIDS. The review captures what is known and not yet known about the impact of HIV and AIDS on the survival, health, education, social, and emotional needs of children; identifies the content gaps and methodological limitations of existing research; suggests priorities for future research; and informs programmatic and political responses

HIV prevention and care with especially vulnerable young people : a framework for action

AGGLETON, Peter
CHASE, Elaine
RIVERS, Kim
April 2004

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This document sets out five core principles underpinning effective HIV/AIDS prevention programming with young people: putting the young person first; promoting meaningful participation; a commitment to rights; promoting gender equity; and tackling risk and vulnerability. It also offers a straightforward guide to priority setting, with a focus on action to reduce risk, action to reduce vulnerability and action to mitigate impact. Examples of successful implementation of this framework are presented in 'HIV prevention with especially vulnerable young people: case studies of success and innovation' (2006). This is a useful resource for policy-makers, practitioners and researchers working to promote young people's sexual health in resource-constrained settings

Moving forward : a report on pioneering responses to children affected by HIV/AIDS in Andhra Pradesh, India

VASAVYA MAHILA MANDALI (VMM)
March 2004

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Since 2000, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and its country office in India has worked in three states in India to establish and support three Lead Partners, including Vasavya Mahila Mandali (VMM), and 37 implementing NGOs to carry out a pioneering programme of home and community-based care and support for children affected by HIV/AIDS and their families. In this report, VMM draws on its work to identify gaps in existing services and propose effective initiatives, policies and examples of good practice for dealing with the issues that children face when they are affected by HIV/AIDS

Poor relations? PRSPs and the response to HIV/AIDS and children

WEAVER, R
March 2004

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HIV/AIDS is a key driver in increasing poverty and reversing development gains for children and their communities. The World Bank acknowledges that at present there are few Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) that include references to the impact of HIV/AIDS on children. This briefing paper analyses the vision and reality of PRSPs in responding to HIV/AIDS, considers the future of PRSPs in increasing responses to HIV/AIDS, and makes recommendations for action for DFID and other donors to ensure that support for national PRSPs maximises the impact of resources in responding to HIV/AIDS and children

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