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Ensuring universal access to eye health in urban slums in the Global South: the case of Bhopal (India).

PREGEL, Andrea
et al
October 2017

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In the context of its Urban Eye Health Programme in Bhopal (India), Sightsavers launched a pilot approach aimed at developing an Inclusive Eye Health (IEH) model and IEH Minimum Standards.

Accessibility audits were conducted in a tertiary eye hospital and four primary vision centres located within urban slums, addressing the accessibility of physical infrastructures, communication and service provision. The collection and analysis of disaggregated data inform the inclusion strategy and provide a baseline to measure the impact of service provision. Trainings of eye health staff and sensitisation of decision makers on accessibility, universal design, disability and gender inclusion are organised on a regular basis.

A referral network is being built to ensure participation of women, people with disabilities and other marginalised groups, explore barriers at demand level, and guarantee wider access to eye care in the community. Finally, advocacy interventions will be developed to raise awareness in the community and mainstream disability and gender inclusion within the public health sector.

The vulnerability and living conditions of older people in Addis Ababa

HELPAGE INTERNATIONAL ETHIOPIA
INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATION FOR MIGRATION (IOM)
September 2010

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This report presents the findings of a city-wide survey that aimed to provide comprehensive information on the vulnerabilities and coping mechanisms of poor urban older people in Addis Ababa and to explore options for linkages to existing service and assistance programmes. The report presents a range of issues including food and income security, shelter, water and sanitation, health, HIV and AIDS, training, and family and community care. It concludes by making recommendations for improving older people’s food and income security, access to healthcare, and living environment. It calls for older women to be given special emphasis. This study is intended as a background and guide to government agencies, donors, international agencies and international and national NGOs in order to better target programmes and projects for older people

South African cities and HIV/AIDS : challenges and responses

SOUTH AFRICAN CITIES NETWORK (SACN)
2004

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This is the first ever assessment on how South Africa's nine largest cities are managing HIV/AIDS. The report summarises the challenges faced by these cities and outlines the innovative responses developed by municipalities and city stakeholders. The report highlights that the most effective programmes have been those that succeeded in transcending the gap between policy development and consistent implementation. The challenges highlighted in the study are likely to become more acute in the near future. The report lists a number of key strategies that cities should adopt in the development of a comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS. These include taking stock of the current HIV/AIDS programmes that are being implemented in the cities; linking HIV programming with other development issues; developing clear guidelines for the mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS; and developing stronger intergovernmental relations with provincial and national government levels

Voices from Zambian communities : experiences of HIV/AIDS related treatment in urban and rural settings. A report of community consultations on HIV/AIDS-related treatment in urban and rural Zambia, 2002-2003 with a practical guide on consulting individua

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
2004

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This report summarises the findings of two community consultations carried out in Zambia. It amalgamates the two separate reports originally published on the Alliance website as "Voices from the community" (November 2002) and "Voices from rural communities" (May 2003). The two consultations aimed to learn about individual and community perceptions, knowledge and experiences of HIV/AIDS and related treatment. This included questions on ARV treatment and the importance and scope of the involvement of people with HIV and their communities in planning and implementing treatment programmes. The consultations were carried out by multi-disciplinary teams, used participatory methods and involved a wide variety of community members, including people with HIV, local leaders and health workers. The community consultations showed that for communities to realise their potential as a valuable resource for ART treatment, people need information and education as well as effective clinical care and support

European portal for action on health equity

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"This portal is a tool to promote health equity amongst different socio-economic groups in the European Union. Here, you can find information on policies and interventions to promote health equity within and between the countries of Europe, via the socio-economic determinants of health. "The information presented is the result of the collaboration of a wide range of health and social actors in the EU, that have come together in the context of a pan-European initiative that aims to stimulate action for greater health equity." DETERMINE is an initiative from 2007-2010 to take forward the work of the World Health Organization's Commission on the Social Determinants of Health

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