This report suggests that focus-countries under PEPFAR's Emergency Plan should adopt a standard "preventative care package" as part of their palliative care programmes. It acknowledges that components of the care package are likely to vary within regions and even within countries. The report provides the scientific basis for the interventions that could be included in a preventive care package. Although most of the interventions included are pertinent to both adults and children, HIV-infected/exposed children require additional consideration and a separate document focusing on a preventive care package for such children has been developed
This document describes preventive care interventions that the PEPFAR Emergency Plan can support for children born to HIV-infected mothers, including children in whom an HIV diagnosis has been confirmed. It suggests that the Emergency Plan links delivery of interventions with existing community and health facilities that provide basic health care and social services fro children; with other Emergency Plan programmes such as those to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission, those to serve orphans and vulnerable children, and those to provide home-based care; and with global programmes to combat malaria and tuberculosis. This document does not address antiretroviral treatment for children
Drawing from the collective knowledge and analytical work of the many experts who have contributed to this volume, this chapter provides a broader perspective on the relative efficiency and effect on health of a number of interventions than is possible in a single, condition-specific chapter. The objective is to provide information on the cost-effectiveness estimates for 319 interventions covering nearly every disease condition considered in the volume, and the resulting avertable burden of disease. This chapter provides broad conclusions on the economic efficiency of using these interventions to improve health.
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion