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Understanding community approaches to handicap in development (CAHD)

KREFTING, Douglas
March 2001

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This document, part of the Handicap and Development Collection, introduces an expanded concept of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) called CAHD (community approaches to handicap in development). It is aimed at CBR planners, policy-makers and managers. CAHD aims to develop two-way relationships within communities to change attitudes so that community practices will include disabled persons and provide them with services and assistance

Responding to reproductive health needs: a participatory approach for analysis and action

WORLD NEIGHBORS
2001

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A report and training guide documenting two workshops in Nepal in the late 1990s, designed to help NGO trainers gain skills to assist communities in identifying and addressing reproductive health needs. Specific objectives include helping participants develop a gender-sensitive approach, analyze their current activities with regard to gender issues, and gain skills in the use of participatory methods and tools. Describes the methodology, objectives and stages of the workshops, and includes participatory exercises and tips

Multiple disability initiative review : at Dehradun Cheshire Home Northern India

RAJENDRA, K R
2001

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The management of children with multiple disabilities demands very special training and the Multiple Disability Initiative aimed to do this by running a series of training sessions over a 2 year period. At the end of the 2 years a special workshop was organised to share the experiences of the Dehradun Cheshire Home (DDCH) and also provide some training for staff. It helped DDCH to plan for its future growth and for the continuation of the programme at other homes

Towards a handbook for India : overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusion/recommendations

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
THE JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2001

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This handbook is based on a UNESCO project on cultural approaches to HIV and AIDS, which focuses on culture as the core element in ensuring relevance, efficiency and sustainability of prevention and care policies and projects. The handbook is intended to be an instrument for taking a cultural approach to HIV/AIDS in the India. It presents a set of methodological and learning approaches to be implemented in planning and training activities. It also presents a series of case studies demonstrating the approach in projects targetting settled and migrant communities in Delhi, female sex workers, men who have sex with men, street children, and drug users. It concludes with lessons learned and recommendations

Hepatitis B vaccine introduction : lessons learned in advocacy, communication, and training

WITTLETT, Scott
January 2001

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Hepatitis B is especially dangerous for infants, since they may carry the infection for the rest of their lives without knowing it. Chronic carriers can infect others and are at risk of serious liver disease in later life. However, the hepatitis B vaccine, if provided, helps protect infants against these problems. The vaccine's introduction to developing countries only began in the late 1980s, but many countries still cannot afford to administer the vaccine to all children. This paper summarises the lessons learned about effective advocacy with decision makers, communication with parents and caretakers, and training health staff regarding hepatitis B, gained from over ten years of experience introducing hepatitis B vaccine worldwide. It also includes the WHO 'aide-memoire' on hepatitis B

Information and communication technologies in Africa

ADEYA, Catherine Nyaki
2001

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[From foreward:] This literature review and annotated bibliography explore the evidence for the potential of ICTs (information and communication technologies) to assist in Africa's development, and the extent to which ICTs are changing the 'shape' of Africa. The review begins by introducing ICTs and the information economy in the African context. The literature selected for the bibliography is then reviewed thematically under a number of headings: Overview of ICTs in Africa; Information infrastructure; Information economy; Information management; Socio-cultural and political issues; Education and training; and Gender. The review reveals that, despite many constraints, the use of ICTs is growing in Africa and there have been successful developments in infrastructure, information management, networking and gender-related issues. However, the literature has also revealed considerable variation between different African countries in their adoption and use of these technologies. The literature reviewed relates primarily to anglophone Africa and generally excludes telecommunications issues, as these are already well documented in other publications. In essence it is hoped that this publication will act as a window of opportunity for more nationally and locally focused empirical research and will make a contribution to understanding the research opportunities and challenges that still face most African countries

Disability and inclusive education : a paper prepared for the InterAmerican Development Bank

PORTER, Gordon L
2001

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This paper describes the current situation of inclusive education in the Americas. It pays special attention to the situation of disabled children in rural areas. Only a small proportion (between 1% and 10%) of the children with special needs in the Americas have access to schooling. Almost none of these children now have the opportunity to attend a regular community school with their non-disabled peers.
The paper states that education systems for all children can be created with adequate funding targeted at community schools. Segregation and exclusion has failed. Inclusion and the good educational practice that it offers hope to a region that needs to ensure educational equity and participation by all

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