"Traditionally, faith-based health organisations have been important health care providers in many remote and other under-serviced areas. Currently, these facilities bear the brunt of the competition for scarce human resources. It is important for faith-based organisations to learn from recent experiences and from the creative ways in which colleagues seek to retain their health workers and improve quality of human resource management. [As part of a]"...linking and learning programme, some faith-based umbrella organisations in Tanzania, Ghana, Uganda, and Malawi have joined forces to share their experiences in confronting the human resources crisis: by developing retention schemes, offering in-service training, task shifting, developing the planning and management skills of their staff, better coordination of salary and incentive structures with the public systems, and the development of lobbying instruments for national and international use"
Limited attention has been given to helping educators to deal with the new challenges posed by the epidemic. Even less attention has been given to protecting educators from HIV infection and to providing care, treatment and support for educators infected with or affected by HIV and AIDS. There are also very few programmes addressing the needs of other education sector personnel, such as planners, managers and support staff. This booklet looks at educator development and support; educator conduct; and prevention, care, treatment and support of infected and affected eduators
This is a toolkit to help NGOs and community-based organisations working to mobilise communities to improve their awareness of HIV counselling and testing and to improve the up-take of HIV counselling and testing; advocating for increased access to quality HIV counselling, testing, care, treatment and prevention; or interested in providing HIV counselling and testing services. It is divided into eight sections: What is HIV and what is AIDS?; what is involved in HIV counselling and testing; who is providing these services in the community and who they are for; the advantages and barriers of counselling and testing; stigma, discrimination and confidentiality; the needs of people after being tested and ideas for community activities. Each section has an accompanying information sheet
This book is an output from three CBR writing workshops held in Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi with the aim to facilitate the capacity of CBR workers to communicate their experiences thus increasing documentation of CBR practices in Africa. The book contains articles based on participants’ experience of CBR and is useful to anyone interested in CBR experiences in Kenya, Tanzania and Malawi
This document outlines the purpose, strategies, procedures and structure of the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID). The types of assistance USAID provides include: capacity building, training, food aid, disaster relief infrastructure development, loans and credit guarantees. The primer has been designed primarily for employees of other federal agencies but can be useful resource for NGOs working with USAID
This document provides an overview of key players, programmes and issues around research capacity strengthening. Fragmentation, overlapping and insufficient coordination of programmes prevent the bridging of the 'know-do gap'. The document depicts a framework encompassing the individual level (training), the institutional level (development of institutions) and the macro level (enabling environment, which includes the national health research system). Crucially, it describes research 'as an iterative process in phases, starting with managing the research agenda and ending with utilizing evidence in decision-making in policy and practice'
Report of a regional workshop held to held to share experiences of inclusive education practices in the Asia Pacific region, and explore future strategies to promote inclusive education within the framework of education for all
This report explores how provision of goods and services over the Internet affects people’s lives. While the Internet might have some capability to provide goods, services and communication at a distance, improving access in doing so, some research findings in the early days of e-commerce suggested diminished access for some groups.
This research focuses on the impact of the Internet on people with disabilities. There is the possibility that provision of information and services through the Internet might actually narrow rather than widen choices, because it might lead to the phasing out of traditional ways of providing services preferred by some disabled people
This paper examines whether an experimental intervention for girls aged 14-19 that provided reproductive health information, vocational counseling and training, and assistance with opening savings accounts in slum areas of Allahabad in Uttar pradesh, India, had an effect on their attitudes and behaviours. A quasi-experimental pre- and post-test design was used in which adolescent girls were compared with girls of the same age residing in control-area slums. Although the livelihoods program was acceptable to parents and feasible to implement, the project had only a minimal impact on the behaviour and attitudes of adolescent girls taking part in the project. Girls exposed to the intervention were significantly more likely to have knowledge of safe spaces, be a member of a group, score higher on the social skills index, be informed about reproductive health, and spend time on leisure activities than were the matched control respondents. No effect was found on gender role attitudes, mobility, self-esteem, work expectations, or on number of hours visiting friends, performing domestic chores, or engaging in labour market work
This paper examines the Bassin Bleu Youth Development Initiative in Haiti, which takes a cross-secotral approach, coordinating activities in different sectors in a geographical project area, linked by a set of youth reproductive health goals. The activities cover the health, agriculture, education and income generation sectors, thus responding to the concerns of young people and the community about jobs and income, as well as HIV and education. While the project addresses the four sectors seperately, it also coordinates its efforts through a team of peer educators trained in all four sectors and through community-wide advocacy projects. The paper concludes that the project could serve as a useful model for other projects seeking ways to work with youth.
This brochure explains the major point of equality training for staff who work in museums and libraries. Although this brochure was produced for the UK it would also be very useful for people outside the UK
Report of eyecare services in Tanzania. It includes a list of organisations offering optometric services
This review examines the role of communities and community-based resource persons in providing support for appropriate feeding practices and access to skilled support when mothers need it. This document is based on a literature review and an analysis of three projects in Madagascar, Honduras and India. It assesses the impact of interventions, the mechanisms through which behaviours can be changed, and the factors that are necessary to maximise and sustain the benefits of interventions
The purpose of this guide is to share strategies and techniques that can be used before, during and after training interventions to ensure support for the transfer of knowledge and skills to improved performance on the job. The strategies and techinques for transferring learning are presented in a matrix that allows the user to navigate easily through the content. The CD-ROM contains forms for completing an action plan, a primary tool for coordinating the transfer of learning. The online version also has interactive features
This issue holds a number of contributions from authors about community-based rehabilitation (CBR). They focus on traditional aspects of society, CBR in emergency situations and related issues in south east Asia
The social and environmental circumstances that lead vulnerable people to have unprotected sex, exposing them to infections, have to be resolved through addressing the causes of poverty, gender discrimination, and the use of sex as a commodity. This book addresses the impact of HIV without prejudice, by taking a human rights stance. It is useful for trainers, programme planners, policy-makers and CBR programmes
This resource provides an important contribution and understanding of how community-based rehabilitation (CBR) operates in Africa. It contains the experiences and reflections of key stakeholders within CBR from 14 African countries. It will contribute to a more mutual and holistic understanding of the concept of CBR and bring about the development of new initiatives. This book is useful tool for CBR planners, policy-makers and managers
A report and training guide documenting two workshops in Nepal in the late 1990s, designed to help NGO trainers gain skills to assist communities in identifying and addressing reproductive health needs. Specific objectives include helping participants develop a gender-sensitive approach, analyze their current activities with regard to gender issues, and gain skills in the use of participatory methods and tools. Describes the methodology, objectives and stages of the workshops, and includes participatory exercises and tips
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