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Long-term training with a brain-machine interface-based gait protocol induces partial neurological recovery in paraplegic patients.

NICOLELIS, Miguel
et al
August 2016

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"Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) provide a new assistive strategy aimed at restoring mobility in severely paralyzed patients. Yet, no study in animals or in human subjects has indicated that long-term BMI training could induce any type of clinical recovery. Eight chronic (3–13 years) spinal cord injury (SCI) paraplegics were subjected to long-term training (12 months) with a multi-stage BMI-based gait neurorehabilitation paradigm aimed at restoring locomotion. This paradigm combined intense immersive virtual reality training, enriched visual-tactile feedback, and walking with two EEG-controlled robotic actuators, including a custom-designed lower limb exoskeleton capable of delivering tactile feedback to subjects. Following 12 months of training with this paradigm, all eight patients experienced neurological improvements in somatic sensation (pain localization, fine/crude touch, and proprioceptive sensing) in multiple dermatomes. Patients also regained voluntary motor control in key muscles below the SCI level, as measured by EMGs, resulting in marked improvement in their walking index. As a result, 50% of these patients were upgraded to an incomplete paraplegia classification. Neurological recovery was paralleled by the reemergence of lower limb motor imagery at cortical level". It is hypothesised that this unprecedented neurological recovery results from both cortical and spinal cord plasticity triggered by long-term BMI usage."

Scientific Reports 6, Article number: 30383 (2016)
doi:10.1038/srep30383

Supplement to technical report 2 : capacity building for disability inclusive disaster risk reduction in Indonesia : practitioner guidelines for capacity building for disability inclusive disaster risk reduction in Indonesia

CENTRE FOR DISABILITY RESEARCH AND POLICY, University of Sydney
ARBEITER-SAMARITER-BUND INDONESIA
June 2015

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This report is a supplement to the Technical Report 'Capacity Building for Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia'. Disability Inclusive Disaster Risk Reduction (DiDRR) is increasingly recognised as an important component of community resilience in the event of a natural disaster as documented in the recent outcome of the 3rd World Conference, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Central to DiDDR is people with disabilities themselves and their capacities to participate in, and contribute to disaster risk reduction policies, practices and programs

 

The Practitioner Guidelines provide orientation to the Work Packages undertaken to build the capacity of people with disabilities in disaster risk reduction in Indonesia as part of the Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade Australian Development and Research Awards Scheme funded project, 2013-2015, Promoting the Inclusion of People with Disabilities in Disaster Management in Indonesia. These Work Packages formed one component of the project with knowledge transfer and capacity building supplemented by other methods within the project, including coaching and sponsoring participation of select trainees at key post-2015 DRR policy events

HIV prevention in maternal health services : training guide

PERCHAL, Paul
et al
2004

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This training pack has been developed using participatory training approaches, which means that the exercises require the active involovement of all participants. It has been developed for use by skilled and experienced trainers who are familiar with the content and objectives of each exercise. The guide consists of a detailed curriculum with session guides, and a series of appendices containing additional materials

Reporting on HIV/AIDS

CLAYTON, Julie
2003

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Online training module on HIV and AIDS journalism with a selection of supplementary materials. Covers two areas: communication skills and finding and evaluating HIV and AIDS information on the internet. Includes signposting to HIV/AIDS-related mailing lists, websites and reports

Multimedia training kit

TOTHILL, Ann
Ed
2003

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The multimedia toolkit aims to promote and support linkages between new and traditional media for development through a structured set of materials. The materials are based on a standard set of templates, and are intended to be used as building blocks from which trainers can build up training workshops appropriate for their own contexts. New materials will be added to this ItrainOnline section as they are developed; the materials currently available are just a starting point. Eventually the MMTK will offer a comprehensive suite of training materials covering technical, content, organizational and ethical topics

Responding to reproductive health needs: a participatory approach for analysis and action

WORLD NEIGHBORS
2001

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A report and training guide documenting two workshops in Nepal in the late 1990s, designed to help NGO trainers gain skills to assist communities in identifying and addressing reproductive health needs. Specific objectives include helping participants develop a gender-sensitive approach, analyze their current activities with regard to gender issues, and gain skills in the use of participatory methods and tools. Describes the methodology, objectives and stages of the workshops, and includes participatory exercises and tips

Positive development : setting up self-help groups and advocating for change. A manual for people living with HIV

MAASDORP, Aubrey
LONG, Siân
BEHRMAN, Nina [ed]
1998

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This manual has been written for people working in groups. It aims to offer suggestions and ideas to people and organisations who are beginning new groups, or planning to do so and who have limited experience of running a group. It will also be useful for trainers and facilitators who have been running groups for some time or who are helping others set up their own groups. It has developed from experiences of people living with HIV who have been working together in groups around the world. It is practical in focus and written in accessible language, with checklists, examples and tips throughout. Part 1 looks at why we set up groups and the benefits of group working. Part 2 looks at the practicalities of setting up groups, organising meetings and keeping the group going. Part 3 looks at some skills and activities for developing and maintaining positive group dynamics. Part 4 explains how to develop a project step-by-step, from planning to evaluation. Part 5 offers advice on finding sources of funding, Part 6 deals with disclosure issues, and Part 7 looks at advocacy and campaigning at all levels

Comprehensive reproductive health and family planning training curriculum

PATHFINDER INTERNATIONAL

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These training modules have been designed for the training of physicians, nurses, and midwives by clinical trainers who do not have an extensive training background. Training sessions include simulation skills practice, case studies, role plays, discussions, clinical practices, on-site observation, specific measurable objectives, knowledge, attitudes, skills checklists, and exercises for the development of action plans. Module contents available online: 1. Introduction/Overview 2. Infection Prevention 3. Counselling 4. Combined oral contraceptives and progestin-only pills 5. Emergency Contraceptive Pills (ECPs) 6. DMPA 7. IUDs 8. Lactational Amenorrhea and Breast Feeding Support 9. Condoms and spermicides 11. MVA for treatment of incomplete abortion 12. Reproductive tract infections 13. Postpartum/Postabortion Contraception 14. Training of Trainers 16. Reproductive Health Services for Adolescents

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