Resources search

Global health watch 2005-2006 : an alternative world health report

LEMA, Claudia
et al
2005

Expand view

This report is the result of a collaboration of leading popular movements, NGOs, activists, academics and health workers. It provides an evidence-based analysis of the political economy of health and health care and challenges policies and initiatives of global organisations including the World Bank, the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Many key issues relevant to health are covered, including health care services and systems, health of vulnerable groups, climate change, food and water, education, armed conflicts. Part E also provides and assessment of the impact global institutions, transnational corporations and rich countries. This report is a call for action, directed to health workers and activists and national and international policy-makers

Adherence to HIV antiretroviral therapy

MACHTINGER, Edward L
BANGSBERG, David R
2005

Expand view

This "chapter" of the HIV InSite website provides a technical overview of key issues concerning adherence to ARV treatment including global rates of ARV adherence, implications of adherence, predictors and measuring adherence and interventions to promote adherence. While the emphasis is not on developing countries, one section on adherence in resource poor countries is of interest. It says that recent data suggests that even without dedicated adherence programmes, patients in resource poor settings have levels of adherence and virological suppression that are equivalent to, or possibly better than those seen in resource-rich settings. According to their data, financial barriers have been the only consistent predictor of incomplete adherence in resource limited settings

The impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality : a study focusing on educators in South African public schools

REHLE, Thomas
SHISANA, Olive
2005

Expand view

This study attempts to estimate the impact of antiretroviral treatment on AIDS mortality over the next ten years, focusing on educators in South African public schools. Recently, African governments have scaled up ART initiatives, but the full potential of wider access to treatment is still unknown. The results of this study show that given that ART only delays death, AIDS mortality rate will increase over time among treated people. Further, as HIV-positive people will survive longer, an expansion of ART programmes will result on higher HIV prevalence. These findings have crucial implications for the education sector. The paper calls for new government policies aimed at increasing the number of students preparing to become teachers and raising the retirement age of educators

Access to rights and services of people living with HIV in Ukraine : social research results

ALL-UKRAINIAN NETWORK OF PLWH
INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE IN UKRAINE
2005

Expand view

This is a comprehensive assessment on the state of human rights for people living with HIV/AIDS in Ukraine. It investigates government policies regarding HIV-positive people, PLHA awareness of their rights, access to medical and social services and ART, and experience of discrimination and intolerance. 41.5% of people living with HIV or AIDS reported violations of their rights as a result of their HIV status. The document includes useful statistics and charts, and concludes with a detailed lists of the key findings

Starting or strengthening a drug bulletin : a practical manual

INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY OF DRUG BULLETINS
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

Expand view

Access to independent and reliable drug information is key to the promotion of rational prescribing and use of medicines. Bulletins are essential tools for information dissemination and this manual aims to provide guidelines, tips and examples on how to start or improve drug bulletins. It covers all aspects of production, providing a comprehensive overview of the editorial process, the reviewing of new drugs and the design, production and distribution of the bulletin. The manual is an essential guide for anyone starting or running a drug bulletin, but may also be of interest to health professionals and others

World malaria report 2005

ROLL BACK MALARIA
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2005

Expand view

A comprehensive report on the spread of malaria worldwide, including detailed profiles of countries' efforts to control the disease through treatment and prevention

Women's treatment literacy toolkit

SAFAIDS
2005

Expand view

A collection of information and communication materials on women and HIV/AIDS treatment. With a special focus on ARV treatment, it aims to help women adhere to treatment. Contains information sheets, posters, stickers and articles

Drug promotion : what we know, what we have yet to learn

NORRIS, Pauline
et al
2005

Expand view

This is a literature review on drug promotion, summarising current research findings on: professional and lay people's attitudes toward drug promotion; impact of pharmaceutical promotion on attitudes and knowledge; impact of pharmaceutical promotion on behaviour; and interventions carried out to counter promotional activities. The review suggests that promotion affects attitudes and behaviour. However evidence is patchy and more research is needed to verify the relationship between drug promotion and behaviour change

Remuneration guidelines for non-voluntary use of a patent on medical technologies

WEISSMAN, Robert
Ed
2005

Expand view

This document provides guidelines for determining reasonable royalties or adequate remuneration for the manufacture or sale of medicines. The emphasis is on patent systems easy to administer and not overly complex, setting royalty levels that should not prevent access to medicines. The document includes an overview of WTO TRIPS provisions, examples of royalty setting, considerations for developing a policy framework for remuneration and non-voluntary use of patents on medicines, royalty guidelines and an evaluation of the Medical Innovation Prize Fund system of remuneration. This document is primarily aimed at policy makers and national governments

Adherence

NATIONAL AIDS MANUAL (NAM)
2005

Expand view

Adherence is the most important factor in the success of your anti-HIV treatments. This booklet explains why adherence is important and provides some hints on actions you could take to improve your adherence

An electronic medical record system for ambulatory care of HIV-infected patients in Kenya

SIIKA, A M
et al
2005

Expand view

The faculty at Moi University in Kenya and Indiana University in the USA opened adult and pediatric HIV clinics in a national referral hospital, a district hospital, and six rural health centers in western Kenya using a newly developed electronic medical record system (EMR) to support comprehensive outpatient HIV/AIDS care. The EMR contains more than 30,000 visit records for more than 4,000 patients, almost half taking antiretroviral drugs. This article describes the development and structure of this EMR and plans for future development that include wireless connections, tablet computers, and migration to a Web-based platform

Prescription for healthy development : increasing access to medicines

LEACH, Beryl
PALUZZI, Joan E
MUNDERI, Paula
2005

Expand view

This resource highlights the importance of increasing the availability, affordability, and appropriate use of medicines in developing countries. Produced by the Working Group on Access to Essential Medicines or the Taskforce on AIDS, Malaria and TB and Access to Essential Medicines it offers concrete and practical steps to increase incentives for research for priority diseases of developing countries, improve procurement and distribution, strengthen primary health systems, develop more human resources, and increase health funding

Improving access and use of psychotropic medicines : mental health policy and service guidance package

FUNK, Michelle
et al
2005

Expand view

This module defines the respective roles of the public, private (for-profit) and NGO (not-for-profit) sectors in the financing and provision of psychotropic medicines. It identifies organizational arrangements in these sectors to meet the objectives of access. The guidance sets an agenda for capacity building and organizational development and provides guidance for prioritizing expenditure and making decisions on resource allocation
Note: This module is part of a guidance package that consists of a series of interrelated user-friendly modules that are designed to address the wide variety of needs and priorities in mental health policy development and service planning. Its recommended for use by policy makers, service planners representatives or associations of families and carers of people with mental disorders

The treatment gap in mental health care

KOHN, Robert
et al
November 2004

Expand view

This study examines the extent of the gap between the high prevalence of mental disorders and the great number of individuals with psychiatric disorders who remain untreated, even though effective treatments exist. The study uses results from 37 studies on service utilisation worldwide and presents examples of the estimation of the treatment gap for WHO regions are presented. The treatment gaps are universally large but vary from region to region. The abstract to this report is given in French, Spanish and Arabic

Mobile phones keep track of HIV treatments

KHAN, Taman
September 2004

Expand view

Thi article reports on the Cell-Life project, which has developed a software and data management systems to allow health workers use their mobile phones to monitor patients' treatment. The data is transferred to a central database, which clinic staff can access over a secure Internet connection. In a successful pilot project 80 HIV counsellours where trained, and through the use of their mobiles are now able to keept track of nearly 800 patients

Willingness and ability to use TRIPs flexibilities : Kenya case study

LEWIS-LETTINGTON, Robert
MUNYI, Peter
September 2004

Expand view

This paper examines Kenyan legislation and policy in light of the international intellectual property rights framework, in particular the World Trade Oorganization’s Doha Ministerial Declaration decision. It considers the existing sources of supply and associated trends in pricing of pharmaceutical products in Kenya, placing the focus on medicines that are, or are likely to be, affected by these rights

Access to medicines in under-served markets : what are the implications of changes in intellectual property rights, trade and drug registration policy?

DFID HEALTH SYSTEMS RESOURCE CENTRE (HSRC)
September 2004

Expand view

This overview draws on seven studies commissioned by the UK's Department for International Development. After providing some background, it considers the implications of stronger intellectual property protection for access to medicines; the prospects for supply in emerging and under-served markets; and makes recommendations for increasing access

Pages

E-bulletin