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Health information-seeking behaviour of visually impaired persons in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria

SALAMI, Karibou
January 2018

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Persons living with visual impairments form a major group of people with various types of impairments in African countries. Little has been reported about the means and forms of information they seek to cope with their environment, and studies in Nigeria specifically, have not explored health information-seeking behaviour of visually impaired persons. This paper documents the health information-seeking behaviour of visually impaired persons (VIPs) in Ibadan Metropolis. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 200 VIPs sampled from two health facilities in Ibadan Metropolis. Most (66%) of the VIPs were partially sighted, 43% reported health issues as their most worrying challenge, while 20% reportedly had daily unmet health information needs. VIPs accessed information about medication for ailments from friends (45%), adopted herbal medication (50.5%) and /or indulged in selfmedication (21%). They reportedly had worse health (9.5%) status, while 4.5% reportedly remained worse off emotionally

 

Disability and the Global South, 2018 Vol.5, No. 1, 1252-1272

Evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of the ‘Care for Stroke’ intervention in India, a smartphone-enabled, carer-supported, educational intervention for management of disability following stroke

SURESHKUMAR, K
MURTHY, G V S
NATARAJAN, S
GOENKA, S
KUPER, H
February 2016

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This study aimed to identify operational issues encountered by study participants in using the ‘Care for Stroke’ intervention and to evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of the intervention. ‘Care for Stroke’ is a smartphone-enabled, educational intervention for management of physical disabilities following stroke. It is delivered through a web-based, smartphone enabled application (app). It includes inputs from stroke rehabilitation experts in a digitised format. Sixty stroke survivors discharged from hospital in Chennai, South India, and their caregivers participated in the study. The preliminary intervention was field-tested with 30 stroke survivors for 2 weeks. The finalised intervention was provided to a further 30 stroke survivors to be used in their homes with support from their carers for 4 weeks. Field-testing identified operational difficulties related to connectivity, video-streaming, picture clarity, quality of videos, and functionality of the application. Assessment was carried out by direct observation and short interview questionnaires. 

 

 

Forced migration and public health

ROBERTS, Bayard
July 2004

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This research guide provides a broad view of some of the key themes, issues and debates that encompass public health and forced migration, along with a number of references and web links to sources for further study in this field

World youth report 2003 : the global situation of young people

UNITED NATIONS. Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Ed
2004

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Overall, young people today are better off than previous generations, but many are still severely hindered by a lack of education, poverty, health risks, unemployment and the impact of conflict. The World Youth Report 2003 provides an overview of the global situation of young people. The first ten chapters focus on the priority areas of education, employment, extreme poverty, health issues, the environment, drugs, delinquency, leisure time, the situation of girls and young women, and youth participation in decision-making as identified by the World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) adopted by the General Assembly in 1995. The remaining five chapters address some of the newer issues that were later identified as additional priorities for youth and were adopted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 2003

The 10/90 report on health research 2003-2004

GLOBAL FORUM FOR HEALTH RESEARCH
2004

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This report, the fourth since Global Forum for Health Research formed in 1998, covers progress in helping correct the 10/90 gap (that only ten per cent of health research funds are spent on 90 per cent of the world's problems) over the past two years. It focusses on health and health research as sound economic investments; priority setting in health research; progress in measuring the 10/90 gap; research capacity strengthening; information networks in health research; gender; the MDGs and health research; and networks in the priority research areas

The 10/90 report on health research 2003-2004

GLOBAL FORUM FOR HEALTH RESEARCH
2004

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This site contains up-to-date information on progress in helping correct the 10/90 gap in health research. It includes reports from 1999, 2000, 2001/2002 and 2003/2004. The most recent, the fourth since Global Forum for Health Research formed in 1998, covers progress in helping correct the 10/90 gap (that only ten per cent of health research funds are spent on 90 per cent of the world's problems) over the past two years. It focusses on health and health research as sound economic investments; priority setting in health research; progress in measuring the 10/90 gap; research capacity strengthening; information networks in health research; gender; the MDGs and health research; and networks in the priority research areas

Building information systems in health care : a reference guide for health care decision-makers

PESTIC, Ozren
2004

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This manual aims to introduce the reader to the subject of medical informatics - specifically how to build information systems in various health care settings. Although some parts of the manual present detailed knowledge of specific applications tailored to technical specialists, the overall purpose is to provide those involved in the development of information systems with a framework that will assist in the planning and design process

Vision 2020 : the right to sight. Developing an action plan to prevent blindness at national, provincial and district levels

VISION 2020
LONDON SCHOOL OF HYGIENE AND TROPICAL MEDICINE (LSHTM)
2003

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VISION 2020 is a joint initiative by the WHO and the International Agency for the Prevention of Blindness, which intends to eliminate avoidable blindness (eg caused by cataract, refractive errors, trachoma, vitamin deficiencies, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma) by the year 2020. The strategy of VISION 2020 is built upon the foundation of community participation. VISION 2020 has the following objectives: implementation of disease control interventions; development of human resources and development of infrastructure. This CD-ROM serves as a toolkit for countries and organisations that want to enforce a VISION 2020 action plan to combat blindness at the national, provincial and/or district level. Relevant background information for planning exercises are provided in the form of reports from expert committees, scientific articles, manuals, guidelines, software packages, websites, and contact addresses. [Abstract courtesy of CAB International]

VIH/sida en la sociedad de la información

CABRERA, Marcelino
2003

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The communities of people living with HIV/AIDS are particularly active in the Network. The activity of these communities has not only served to support themselves, but has also made a contribution to immunologists. After exposing some elements of the relation of these communities and Internet throughout the last years, this case study observes how the use of the Internet contributes to improve the quality of life of patients. There is an emphasis on the influence of the use of the Internet in the management of side effects caused by treatments, subsequent use in doctor-patient relations and, concretely, in the process of therapeutic co-decision

CD-ROMs on health, disability and development

SOURCE INTERNATIONAL INFORMATION SUPPORT CENTRE
2003

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This is a Key list of CD-ROMs relating to international health, disability and development which are available free or at low cost to people in developing countries. CD-ROMs are listed by subject and each entry includes a short abstract and contact details of where to get hold of it. A range of resources are included such as toolkits, manuals, teaching materials, and topic-specific collections of publications and best practices on issues such as malaria, nutrition, HIV/AIDS, etc

Strengthening local capacities to create and adapt healthcare information

PAKENHAM-WALSH, Neil
October 2002

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The key messages of this report centre around the current global information explosion and its limited impact on access to relevant, practical information for healthcare providers in developing countries, who continue to lack access to the basic information they need. Relevance and reliability are paramount in meeting health information needs. Local 'health information providers' (publishers, libraries, NGOs, Ministries of Health) are best placed to provide content for local 'end users'. The effectiveness of the international 'health information community' is dependent on its ability to facilitate the expression of local knowledge and experience, and to promote dialogue and exchange among local providers and end users. Local producers and end users must be involved from the earliest stages in dialogue, priority-setting, problem-solving, creative thinking, and generation of plans for action. Creation and adaptation of local content requires access to a wide range of existing source materials, both internationally and nationally. Creation and adaptation of local content is resource-intensive and requires the full range of skills, including medical knowledge, knowledge of end-users needs, and writing and editorial skills. Traditional knowledge and 'scientific' knowledge are mutually reinforcing and can be combined in ways that enhance the quality and coverage of healthcare in developing countries. ICTs present new opportunities to enhance the above processes

Las nuevas tecnologías de la información y las comunicaciones en salud

FERNÁNDEZ GUTIERREZ, Floirán
2002

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The impact of the new information and communications technologies on the health sector is described, with emphasis in those areas related to the performance of all the professionals and technicians of this sector. Reference is made, among other things, to health news, telemedicine, Virtual Health University, Virtual Health Library, Health Sciences Subject Headings, Virtual Clinic, health surveillance, telesurgery, health research, and international cooperation in the health field. The novel aspects of these technologies are stressed as well as practical advice to incorporate them in the daily work of academic or health assistance institutions. Due to its nature, this paper serves to improve the knowledge and the cultural level of any reader

Luces y sombras de la información de salud en Internet [whole issue]

APEZTEGUÍA Urroz, Javier
et al
2002

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The SEIS report "Lights and shades of the information of health in Internet" gathers the communications and conclusions of the meeting organised by the Spanish Society of Computer Science of Health (SEIS) in Pamplona on 18 June 2002. The report reviews the quality of the information on health on the Internet from the point of view of the information suppliers, health and consuming or patient professionals. For all of them directives are formulated to provide information with quality, in their case, and to evaluate that to which they accede

Do internet interventions for consumers cause more harm than good? A systematic review

BESSELL, Tracey L
et al
2002

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A systematic review of the effect of consumer use of online health information on decision-making, attitudes, knowledge, satisfaction and health outcomes and ulilisation. Ten comparative case studies are used to evaluate the effectiveness of the Internet: all studies showed some positive effects on health outcomes, although the methodological quality of many studies was poor. The study was not specific to developing country or resource-poor context

Cómo evaluar la información sobre la salud en la red : guía práctica para personas mayores y personal médico|[Guide to evaluating health information on the world wide web]

SPRY FOUNDATION
2001

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The SPRY (Setting Priorities for Retirement Years) Foundation has created this hands-on guide to help older adults and their caregivers to evaluate health information available on the World Wide Web. The guide does not recommend particular sites, but provides tools to help users to determine which sites contain reliable information. This resource is geared to United States (US) users and provides links to US government resources

Managing knowledge in health services

BOOTH, Andrew
WALTON, Graham
2000

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This book examines the role of information management in health care. It is not specifically about developing countries, but parts may be relevant to evolving health care systems and information services in development. Part 1 looks at the context within which health care is delivered and examines the different users who have access to the knowledge base; Part 2 outlines the principles underlying the way health information resources and services are organized and managed; and Part 3 discusses the skills required to use the knowledge base effectively. Within this structure, individual chapters cover issues of particular relevance, such as marketing the information service, training the users, sources of health knowledge and searching the knowledge base

eHealth code of ethics

EHEALTH ETHICS INITIATIVE
2000

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The goal of the e-Health Code of Ethics is to make sure that people can confidently and with full understanding of known risks realise the potential of the Internet in managing their own health and the health of those in their care. It sets out eight principles which should guide the provision of health information on the Internet: candor, honesty, quality, privacy, informed consent, professionalism, responsible partnering and accountability

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