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Knowledge and utilization of information technology among health care professionals and students in Ile-Ife, Nigeria : a case study of a university teaching hospital

BELLO, I S
et al
2004

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The study was designed to assess the knowledge and utilization pattern of information technology among health care professionals and medical students in a university teaching hospital in Nigeria. Self-structured pretested questionnaires that probe into the knowledge, attitudes and utilization of computers and IT were administered to a randomly selected group of 180 health care professionals and medical students. Only 26% of the respondents possess a computer, and only a small percentage of the respondents demonstrated good knowledge of computers and IT

From autonomy to dependency : barriers to independent living encountered by elderly Palestinian refugees in Lebanon

LEMIRE, Xavier
DUBOIS-RONDON, Bénédicte
LEPRESLE, Claude-André
2004

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This survey explores the situation of elderly Palestinian people living in camps in Lebanon, covering both individual abilities and environmental resources, and identifies the main obstacles to their leading an independent life. The aim is to determine how to improve access to their rights and to adequate services

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Zimbabwe : a representative regional survey

EIDE, Arne H
et al
December 2003

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"This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Zimbabwe using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities"

How high is infant mortality in Central and Eastern Europe and the CIS?

ALESHINA, Nadezhda
REDMOND, Gerry
November 2003

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Official statistics seem to suggest that in post-communist Europe infant mortality rates have significantly decreased through the 1990s. As infant mortality rate is a key indicator of the Millennium Development Goals, reliable measurement is crucial to assess progress. This paper argues that official counts may understate the gravity of the problem in at least 15 countries in the region. This may be due to unclear definitions of 'live birth' and 'stillbirth', misreporting of infant deaths, nonregistration of births or deaths. The paper also discusses the uncertainties associated with survey based estimates, and call for further work to be done to improve collection of data and effectiveness of surveys

The provision of reproductive health services in private hospitals in Amman, Jordan

BANKS, Dwayne
SHAHROURI, Manal
September 2003

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This survey of the 30 private acute care hospitals in Amman provides baseline information on services and aims to help the Jordanian Ministry of Health (MOH) understand the steps it must take to enhance its contracting with private sector facilities. The survey measured the availability of a broad range of hospital services, focussing on prenatal, delivery, and postnatal services. It also looked at hospital staffing, and it queried the satisfaction of hospitals with existing contracts with the MOH and their willingness to expand contractual relationships, comply with clinical guidelines, and participate in the health information system. The survey found that, among the 25 respondent hospitals, more than 90 percent offered reproductive health services. While all hospitals expressed a willingness to engage in a contractual relationship with the MOH, many described frustrations with current contracting, and less than half were willing to use the clinical guidelines and the information system

Inclusive education training in Cambodia : in-service teacher training on disability and special needs issues for primary school teachers

THOMAS, P
VICHETRA, K
July 2003

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These materials are an in-service teaching training course for mainstream primary school teachers. They cover types of disability, disabled children's rights and advice on how to include disabled children in the classroom. This course is based on the UNESCO ‘Children with Special Needs Teacher Education Resource Pack’, and materials developed by the Spastic’s Society of Tamil Nadu in India, Voluntary Service Overseas and Kampuchean Action for Primary Education, which have been simplified and adapted. While prepared for use in Cambodia, this resource offers useful, easy to adapt materials to other contexts

Study on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS among persons with disabilities in Kampala, Katakwi and Rakai districts : knowledge, attitudes and practices

MULINDWA, Innocent Najjumba
May 2003

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This is the report of a study to investigate the reproductive health and HIV/AIDS of disabled people, and their beliefs, perceptions and reproductive health practices. It also identifies the constraints faced by disabled people in seeking reproductive health services and suggests strategies through which reproductive health delivery for disabled people could be improved. The report calls for: the design and implementation of reproductive health interventions which are specifically tailored to the needs of disabled people; an improvement in the poverty situation of disabled people; the provision of information, education and communication on reproductive health and HIV/AIDS; and awareness-raising in communities about the plight of disabled people in order to curb stigma and discrimination

Canadian youth, sexual health and HIV/AIDS study

COUNCIL OF MINISTERS OF EDUCATION, CANADA (CMEC)
2003

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This survey was undertaken to increase the understanding of the factors that contribute to the sexual health of Canadian youth. It was done by exploring the socio-cultural, socio-environmental and interpersonal determinants of adolescent sexual behaviour. A section of the survey (pp 111-114) looks specifically at disability and sexual activity

Medicine prices : a new approach to measurement

HEALTH ACTION INTERNATIONAL (HAI)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This manual describes a new approach to measuring the prices people have to pay for a selection of important medicines in different medicine outlets. The manual also describes how to collect information on price composition (taxes, mark-ups, fees) and assess the affordability and availability of medicines

Speak for the child : community care for orphans and affected children. Case study Kenya

LUSK, Diane
et al
2003

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This is a rare case study of a pilot project to address the specific needs of children under 5 affected by HIV/AIDS who are typically ignored at the programming level and often miss the benefits of general HIV/AIDS interventions. The project operated in Western Kenya and the study contains evidence of the work carried out, a lessons learned catalogue of the processes and tools developed, and a set of suggestions of how the tools and processes might be adapted to other groups in other contexts. It is an excellent example of a community based response to the needs of very young children and addresses the key challenges faced in attempting to do so

To what extent are disabled people included in international development work? How can the barriers to inclusion be overcome?

YEO, Rebecca
2003

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This paper is a result of research carried out with international development organisations in the UK to examine the extent to which disabled people are included in their work and to look at the barriers to inclusion and at strategies to overcome these barriers. The paper examines the problems that organisations have in including disabled people and solutions that might overcome these.

Findings of the orphans and vulnerable children psychosocial survey

USAID: ZAMBIA
et al
January 2003

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The overall goal for the survey was to gather baseline data to facilitate an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Strengthening Community Participation for the Empowerment of Orphans and Vulnerable Children (SCOPE - OVC) project in particular areas of Zambia. Specific study objectives were to: gather information that will describe the impact of HIV/AIDS on children as well as measure the impact that programmes are having on the quality of life of the children; provide information that will be useful in the ongoing development of programmes designed to strengthen the care and support to orphans and vulnerable children, specifically in relation to their psycho-social needs; provide a framework that will show the progression of the SCOPE - OVC project towards its program goals and objectives; and document lessons learned in conducting OVC work as well as in documenting the use of a participatory evaluation process

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Namibia : a representative, national survey

EIDE, Arne H
VAN ROOY, Gert
LOEB, Mitch E
2003

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This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Namibia using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities

Challenges of change : a tracer study of San preschool children in Botswana

LE ROUX, Willemien
February 2002

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This study of the Bokamosa Preschool Programme describes how San children, whose culture is distinct from that of other peoples of Botswana, try to cope with an education system whose values and norms are different to their own. They must also cope with pressure from their parents who mistrust a system that 'steals' their children but feel powerless to make any changes. This book discusses the many factors that influence children as they grow; and shows that if the school system is not congruent with home circumstances, children must make immense efforts to succeed

Baseline assessment : inclusion and disability in World Bank activities

STIENSTRA, Deborah
FRICKE, Yutta
D'AUBIN, April
2002

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This report provides the World Bank with an assessment of its current efforts to integrate people with disabilities. At the same time, it offers information and recommendations from World Bank headquarters, in the field, and from other related institutions, on how best to move forward to improve the amount and quality of Bank development assistance that includes people with disabilities.
The report advises the World Bank on ways to include disabled people in different activities such as economic support, knowledge sharing, consultation, decision making, accessibility and inclusion. The report will be of interest for organisations which cooperate with the World Bank and for organisations which aim to learn more about international development

Poverty in the West Bank and Gaza : summary

WORLD BANK. Middle East and North Africa Region
May 2001

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This report's objective is to increase understanding of the causes of poverty in order to find ways to reduce it among Palestinians. Three broad messages emerge from this report: 1) Unless the Palestinian territories are able to achieve high levels of economic growth, the prospects for future poverty reduction are not encouraging. 2) Unless Palestinians gain greater access to external markets and to better paying jobs, whether in Israel or in higher productivity occupations, it will be difficult for them to escape poverty. 3) The formal safety net does not have the financial resources necessary to have a significant impact on poverty. Nevertheless, it can play an important role in helping to reduce destitution among households headed by the unemployable poor and even the temporarily unemployed. The report's four chapters compare poverty levels and discuss the micro-determinants of poverty; analyze the impacts of economic growth, income redistribution, and labour markets; detail the poverty map; and discuss improving the social safety net

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