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Disability and HIV : a systematic review and a meta-analysis of the risk of HIV infection among adults with disabilities in Sub-Saharan Africa

DE BEAUDRAP, Pierre
MAC-SEING, Muriel
PASQUIER, Estelle
July 2014

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"More than one billion people worldwide are estimated to be living with a disability. A significant proportion of them lives in Sub-Saharan Africa where they are reported to be at increased risk of HIV. However, quantitative evidence on this remains scarce. A systematic review and a meta-analysis of the risk of HIV infection among people with disabilities living in Sub-Saharan Africa were undertaken. We searched all published or unpublished studies and national surveys reporting HIV prevalence among adults with disabilities living in Sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2013. The risk ratio (RR) of HIV infection in people with disabilities versus people without disabilities was estimated through a random-effects meta-analysis. Of the 12,252 references screened, 13 studies were selected. HIV prevalence varied widely across studies from 1.1% to 29%. Pooled RRs of HIV infection in people with disabilities compared to the general population were 1.31 (1.02–1.69) overall; 1.16 (0.71–1.87) among people with mental illness or intellectual disabilities and 1.07 (0.58–1.95) among people with hearing disabilities. This meta-analysis provides evidence that people with disabilities do not have a lower risk of HIV when compared to the general population, and that women with disabilities are especially affected. A clear increasing gradient in the risk of HIV according to gender and disability status was also observed. The important heterogeneity across studies and their varying quality warrant a closer look at the intersection between disability and HIV. Additional studies with more systematic approaches and with higher-quality methodologies are required to further address this knowledge gap"

 

AIDS Care : Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of HIV/AIDS, Volume 26, Issue 12

DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2014.936820

 

The global status report on road safety 2013 : supporting a decade of action

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2013

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"This report presents information on road safety from 182 countries, accounting for almost 99% of the world’s population. The report indicates that worldwide the total number of road traffic deaths remains unacceptably high at 1.24 million per year. Only 28 countries, covering 7% of the world’s population, have comprehensive road safety laws on five key risk factors: drinking and driving, speeding, and failing to use motorcycle helmets, seat-belts, and child restraints. This report serves as a baseline for the Decade of Action for Road Safety 2011-2020, declared by the UN General Assembly. This is the second in a Global status report series"

IDF diabetes atlas

UNWIN, Nigel
et al
2010

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This report presents evidence that diabetes is a global epidemic. It contains comprehensive information in the following sections: What is diabetes?; The Global Burden; Regional Overviews; Diabetes and Development; Linking Local to Global; Resources and Solutions; References; Additional Resources. This report is useful for health professionals, scientists, economists, policy-makers, and national and international agencies

World malaria report 2009

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2009

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This report summarises information received from 108 malaria endemic countries and other sources and updates the analysis presented in the 2008 Report. It highlights progress made in meeting the World Health Assembly (WHA) targets for malaria to be achieved by 2010 and 2015, and new goals on malaria elimination contained in the Global Malaria Action Plan (2008)

2006 report on the global AIDS epidemic

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2006

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This annual report takes an overall look at the global AIDS epidemic. Provides an impact analysis of AIDS on populations at risk and civil society. Looks at effective ways to prevent, control and treat the disease. Indicates how to improve allocation and use of financial resources, design and implement effective national policies and approach the response from a strategic perspective rather than in terms of crisis management. Annexes include country profiles, essential statistics and country progress indicators

HIV/AIDS and disability global survey

GLOBAL SURVEY ON HIV AND AIDS AND DISABILITY
January 2005

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The global survey on HIV/AIDS and disability is designed to identify, foster and disseminate research, policies and programmatic interventions concerning the impact of HIV/AIDS on populations with physical, sensory (deaf, blind), intellectual and mental health disabilities. This programme is concerned both with improving HIV/AIDS prevention efforts for disabled children, adolescents and adults and with mproving services and support for those individuals with disability who are HIV positive. The website contains examples of innovative programmes that are shared with the global survey team by people and organisations working in the field. There are also links to: information that has been collected through the survey, facts and figures on HIV/AIDS and disability, relevant papers, publications and notices of research, training sessions and conferences

Overview of children living with HIV/AIDS

BOWSKY, Sarah
2004

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A PowerPoint presentation showing some key statistics on global HIV/AIDS estimates on children under 15, and the estimated impact of HIV/AIDS on under-five mortality rates and on the infant and child survival. The presentation also looks at how children become infected with HIV and why they die so young. Current responses are listed with a look at the contiuum of care followed by some key challenges. Finally the medical, nursing and psychosocial needs of children are presented

AIDS epidemic update : December 2003

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PRGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2003

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This report reflects the current knowledge and understanding of the AIDS epidemic. It presents estimates and ranges around the estimates to indicate their level of precision. It includes a special section on stigma and discrimination

Children, HIV/AIDS and communication in South Africa : a bibliographic review

FOX, Susan
OYOSI, Salome
PARKER, Warren
May 2002

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This list of books, articles and reports covers five topics: Policies, rights and statistics; Community and family impacts; Community and family responses; Children and communication; HIV/AIDS communication. Entries are carefully selected and many include thorough abstracts. It supports a literature review (also available online). It is searchable online through the CADRE website www.cadre.org.za

HIV/AIDS : a resource for journalists

SOUL CITY INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION
et al
2002

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A consice handbook to help journalists cover HIV/AIDS in an effective and responsible manner. Provides South African-based contacts, websites and basic information on a wide range of HIV-related issues

Report of the second meeting of the Global Alliance to eliminate lymphatic filariasis

GLOBAL ALLIANCE TO ELIMINATE LYMPHATIC FILARIASIS
2002

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This meeting was an opportunity for Global Alliance members to take stock of activities related to lymphatic filariasis (LF) elimination programmes at country, regional and global levels. This report aims to capture the basic elements of the discussion at the meeting. The aim was to enable the Alliance to build on progress to date and scale up coverage to ensure that by 2020 LF is eliminated. It is a useful resource for health managers

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