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Children at play : a childhood beyond the Confucian shadow

BAI, Limin
2005

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This article presents a historical overview of Chinese attitudes to children's play activities. While Confucian and neo-Confucian scholars based their pedagogical teaching on an idealised image of childhood and showed a hostile attitude to play, games and toys, traditional China accepted children's right to play. Furthermore, a dualism between play activities and daily life activities was alien to Chinese traditional society, and games were rather understood as interwoven into daily life in many ways. This paper can be particularly useful to researchers and practitioners keen on exploring the cultural foundations of childhood and children's education in contemporary China

Children and disability in transition in CEE/CIS and the Baltic States

UNICEF INNOCENTI RESEARCH CENTRE
2005

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This report presents the status of children with disabilities in the former Soviet Union and Baltic States (i.e. CEE/CIS). It explains existing rights and education, healthcare and recreation facilities that are provided for children with disabilities. The concerns of children with disabilities and their parents are highlighted on various issues. This report would be useful for people interested in the status of children with disabilities in the former Soviet Union and Baltic States

"We like the thinking" : theatre for development training and coaching

OPDEBEEECK, Luc
MATTHIJSSEN, Ronald
December 2004

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This evaluation report presents the method for theatre development training and coaching as demonstrated in the Village Development Programme in the Savannakhet Province. The report examines the programme and presents lessons learned and recommendations about its application Village
Development Programme Evaluation
Savannakhet Province, Lao PDR
9 August - 8 September 2004

Lights...camera...attitude! : introducing disability arts and culture

ABBAS, Jihan
et al
April 2004

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This report "addresses the definition and scope of cultural activity by disabled artists, scholars and activists through a range of media (print, video/film, performance and other) in North America and internationally...It makes explicit the implications of cultural activities for different sectors of life in Ontario but also for the global movement of disabled people towards full inclusion"

World youth report 2003 : the global situation of young people

UNITED NATIONS. Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Ed
2004

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Overall, young people today are better off than previous generations, but many are still severely hindered by a lack of education, poverty, health risks, unemployment and the impact of conflict. The World Youth Report 2003 provides an overview of the global situation of young people. The first ten chapters focus on the priority areas of education, employment, extreme poverty, health issues, the environment, drugs, delinquency, leisure time, the situation of girls and young women, and youth participation in decision-making as identified by the World Programme of Action for Youth (WPAY) adopted by the General Assembly in 1995. The remaining five chapters address some of the newer issues that were later identified as additional priorities for youth and were adopted by the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) in 2003

A parrot on your shoulder : a guide for people starting to work with orphans and vulnerable children

INTERNATIONAL HIV/AIDS ALLIANCE
2004

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This fully illustrated activity guide aims to meet the needs of people who want more meaningful engagement with children by providing activities that will help them get started. The guide provides advice on children's participation, as well as 30 detailed examples for activities aimed at engaging children actively in discussions. The guide includes activities for ice breakers and energisers, group work and co-operation, observation, active listening and analytical skills, drama, mime and role play, painting and drawing

Camp management toolkit

BIRKELAND, Nina M
VERMEULEN, Ellen
VAGLI, Tor
Ed
2004

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This toolkit addresses the technical and the administrative as well as the social aspects of camp management. It focuses specifically on individual camp managers, camp management teams and camp management agencies. It compiles and complements the existing sectoral guidelines for various assistance and protection activities in camps.
The toolkit is part of a holistic process that aims at covering the full spectrum of camp management activities. The objectives of the Camp management toolkit are: (a) to define and compile information on all aspects of camp operations; (b) to define roles and responsibilities in relation to each topic; (c) to provide both practical and reference tools to support the daily work, including checklists, monitoring forms and practical guidelines; (d) to consider vulnerable groups in the coordination of the camp.
Camps for displaced persons must always be seen as part of a larger context. Strengthening the capacity of the local community to cope with a large influx of displaced persons should be a priority, and supplementary humanitarian assistance to the local community should always be considered

Disability rights toolkit

REHABILITATION INTERNATIONAL (RI)
INTERNATIONAL PARALYMPIC COMMITTEE (IPC)
2004

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This toolkit includes six different documents: 1) toolkit on disability, human rights and sport, 2) background paper on the need for a convention and its current status, 3) chronology of international events in the development of the human rights approach to disability, 4) the existing international human rights treaty framework, 5) a website resource list, and 6) organisational fact sheets

Early years children promote health : case studies on child-to-child and early childhood development

CHILD-TO-CHILD TRUST
2004

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This is a collection of case studies of child-to-child health promotion activities and experiences. The focus is on early years children, who have been shown to be capable of peer-to-peer support. Through their involvement in health and development, children are able to contribute to the development of their communities, learning skills and shaping their personalities. The case studies included describe the experiences of children involved in education, HIV/AIDS and Memory Work, and contributing to the creation of resource centres in emergency settings and learning centres for community development

Seeing in the dark

CURTIS, David
ALLEN, Simon
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE FOR THE REHABILITATION OF THE PHYSICALLY VULNERABLE, BANGLADESH (SARPV)
2004

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This paper is a reflection of the 'Seeing in the dark' project. It outlines the process, describes the installation, the project community and ownership, and evaluation tools used, and describes some significant outcomes. "‘Seeing in the dark’ was developed to respond to the challenge of finding new, innovative and appropriate advocacy tools for marginalised and vulnerable communities to strengthen their voice in their response to their own health and development needs. To explore the ways in which experiential understanding of disabilities can be developed, an approach that embraces working methods in both the arts and development was employed, resulting in the creation of an installation or interactive space"

Sida et theatre : comment utiliser le théâtre dans le cadre de la réponse au VIH/SIDA? Manuel pour les groupes de théâtre

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
THE JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
BUREAU RÉGIONAL DE L'UNESCO POUR L'EDUCATION EN AFRIQUE (BREDA)
June 2003

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This French language publication offers theatre groups accurate information on HIV and AIDS, ideas on how to sensitise audiences to HIV and AIDS, how to write a script and other useful related topics

Tied up in a rope of sand. TFD : cultural action or development utility?

MAVROCORDATOS, Alex
2003

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Discusses the tension and synergy of culture and participatory development through examples of theatre for development experiences in Mali and Namibia. The author describes performances and processes for setting up performance activities in villages, some of which had their own forms of narrative drama, and others which developed these with external support. The article discusses the implications of importing and imposing cultural forms to achieve project goals, and contrasts this with the ethos of theatre for development, which seeks to engage community members in a dialogue with development workers in order to foster participation in and ownership of development activities

Fun inclusive : sports and games as means of rehabilitation, interaction and integration for children and young people with disabilities

IKELBERG, Jenny
et al
2003

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This handbook looks at the activities used in the GTZ (German Agency for Technical Co-operation) pilot project called "Rehabilitation through sports activities for children and young people in war-affected countries". The project aimed to strengthen disabled children both physically and mentally by promoting their rehabilitation, social integration and capacity for self help. The handbook provides basic guidelines for the implementation of sports and games as a means of rehabilitation and integration, building on the experiences from workshops in Angola and Cambodia, which tested 12 games. It includes an evaluation sheet that can be adapted and used

Making a hero book : a guide for facilitators

MORGAN, Jonathan
2003

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This manual describes one of the tools used in "memory work", an approach to helping families and communities cope with HIV and AIDS. Through a series of art exercises and storytelling, children are encouraged to identify their heroes or role models. This process should help children affected by HIV/AIDS to cope with emotions (sadness, fear, anger), and to develop resilience and a positive approach to life. Through the process of developing a book, children are also encouraged to see themselves as heroes, to rely on their strengths and maximise their potential to overcome the problems they might encounter

The cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention

SOMMA, Daryl B
KESSLER BODIANG, Claudia
2003

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This paper explores how culture can be used in various forms (theatre, music, dance, traditional medicine, and more) as a means to communicate and encourage behavior change for HIV/AIDS prevention. It highlights theater for development and collaboration with traditional healers as viable alternatives to more conventional communication and behavior change models. It presents several case studies, good practices from the field, and lessons learned. The authors' understanding of a cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention means understanding and using a community's cultural references as a framework for the design and implementation of prevention policies and programmes. Programmes that have employed this approach are characterized by their participatory approach that fosters community ownership and in turn, can result in both greater efficacy and sustainability within the community

Music therapy and leisure for persons with disabilities

BARKSDALE, Alicia L
2003

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This book explores the use of music therapy in school and community settings to enhance the development of independent leisure skills with a variety of client populations, including children, adolescents, adults, and the elderly with mental health needs, developmental and learning disabilities, Alzheimer’s disease and other aging-related conditions, substance abuse problems, brain injuries, and physical disabilities

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