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Social capital and coping with economic shocks : an analysis of stunting of South African children

CARTER, M R
MALUCCIO, J A
2002

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This study explores household coping capacity in relation to social context and community supporting networks, using data on household responses to economic shocks and their effects on child nutritional status. It makes a critical point, supported by evidence, that households in communities with more social capital seem better able to weather economic shocks

When staff is underpaid : dealing with the individual coping strategies of health personnel

LERBERGHE, Wim Van
et al
2002

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'Health sector workers respond to inadequate salaries and working conditions by developing various individual ‘‘coping strategies’’ - some, but not all, of which are of a predatory nature. The paper reviews what is known about these practices and their potential consequences (competition for time, brain drain and conflicts of interest)....[It] argues that...Governments will need to recognize the dimension of the phenomenon and systematically assess the consequences of policy initiatives on the situation and behaviour of the individuals that make up their workforce'

Measuring the social capital of children

HARPHAM, Trudy
2002

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After presenting some of the key issues in the measurement of social capital (the separation of cognitive and structural social capital, the exclusion of outcomes of social capital, the definitions of community) this paper then considers the limited literature on conceptualising social capital in relation to children

Identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction : Philippines country study

FOUNDATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
2002

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This country report describes the situation of disabled people in the Philippines. It gives an overview about the country, reviews the legislation, describes disability organisations and development agencies and lays out the results of a participatory programme. In addition to this, the report analyses the connections between disability and poverty by reviewing the current programmes and showing the gaps. The recommendations of the report urge to pay special attention to activities in the fields of inclusion, participation, access and quality

The experience of self-care groups with people : ALERT, Ethiopia

BENBOW, Catherine
TAMIRU, Teferra
September 2001

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This paper describes the development of self-care groups in Ethiopia by ALERT, and the successes and failures experienced in the process. The groups were started in 1995 in response to two main problems, the increasing number of people dependent on ALERT to heal their wounds despite years of health education, and the limited financial resources of ALERT for wound healing supplies
Leprosy Review, Vol 72, Issue 3

Social security policy options for people with disabilities in South Africa : an international and comparative review

GUTHERIE, Teresa
et al
March 2001

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This paper provides an overview of the social security system for disabled South Africans. It offers a comparative analysis of international public social security systems, identifies the gaps in the literature for further research, and provides recommendations for a more integrated and comprehensive system. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in social protection, disability and development

Measuring social capital : towards a theoretically informed measurement framework for researching social capacity in family and community life

STONE, Wendy
February 2001

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This paper is based on a study carried out in Australia to develop a measurement framework for social capital. It considers relations such as families, neighbours and friends, group and non-group relations, and work associations; and trust and relationship are examined. The study ends with principles for measuring social capital

International classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2001

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"The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, known more commonly as ICF, is a classification of health and health-related domains. These domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives by means of two lists: a list of body functions and structure, and a list of domains of activity and participation. Since an individual’s functioning and disability occurs in a context, the ICF also includes a list of environmental factors. The ICF is WHO's framework for measuring health and disability at both individual and population levels"

Chronic poverty and disability

YEO, Rebecca
2001

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This report summarises the interconnections between disability and chronic poverty. After giving general information about different stakeholders, principles and structures, it presents two case studies (from India and Uganda) where action is being taken to mitigate or reduce chronic poverty among disabled people

Guidelines and principles for the development of disability statistics

UNITED NATIONS
2001

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This publication is aimed at assisting national statistical offices and other producers of disability statistics to improve the collection, compilation and dissemination of disability data. The document addresses methodological issues in the area of disability by providing guidelines and principles related to data collection, through surveys and censuses and also on the compilation, dissemination and usage of data on disability.

Information and communication technologies and disability in developing countries : a technical note

SANDHU, Jim S
SAARNIO, Ilkka
WIMAN, Ronald
2001

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This study highlights the role information and communication technologies (ICT) can play in the fight against poverty of disabled people in developing countries. The study addresses the possibilities and barriers ICT can cause for disabled people. It shows the role ICT can play in the provision of services and information for disabled people in the context of middle and low income countries

Effective learning issues for indigenous children aged 0 - 8 years

MINISTERIAL COUNCIL ON EDUCATION, EMPLOYMENT, TRAINING AND YOUTH AFFAIRS
2001

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This is a discussion paper by the Taskforce on Indigenous Education within the Ministerial Council on Education, Employment, Training and Youth Affairs in Australia. It focuses on the age group 0-8 years, looking at cultural inclusivity within early childhood education in Australia. It summarises advice on early childhood service provision and access, development and learning stages, cultural and linguistic diversity, literacy and numeracy, and the importance of mutual community capacity building. It identifies five issues that affect Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islands children. These are: (i) low levels of access and participation in early childhood education and parental enrichment programmes, (ii) uneven transition from early childhood practices to the primrary school curriculum, (iii) educators needs a better understanding of children's diversity of experience and diverse cultural capital, (iv) educators need a better understanding of how the literacy and numeracy development of children takes place amonst idigenous multi-linguals and (v) educators and parents need to acquire ' transitional cultural comptenencies' to create sense of community between the home and school.

Information and communication technologies in Africa

ADEYA, Catherine Nyaki
2001

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[From foreward:] This literature review and annotated bibliography explore the evidence for the potential of ICTs (information and communication technologies) to assist in Africa's development, and the extent to which ICTs are changing the 'shape' of Africa. The review begins by introducing ICTs and the information economy in the African context. The literature selected for the bibliography is then reviewed thematically under a number of headings: Overview of ICTs in Africa; Information infrastructure; Information economy; Information management; Socio-cultural and political issues; Education and training; and Gender. The review reveals that, despite many constraints, the use of ICTs is growing in Africa and there have been successful developments in infrastructure, information management, networking and gender-related issues. However, the literature has also revealed considerable variation between different African countries in their adoption and use of these technologies. The literature reviewed relates primarily to anglophone Africa and generally excludes telecommunications issues, as these are already well documented in other publications. In essence it is hoped that this publication will act as a window of opportunity for more nationally and locally focused empirical research and will make a contribution to understanding the research opportunities and challenges that still face most African countries

Information technologies, health, and globalization : anyone excluded?

PARENT, Florence
COPPIETERS, Yves
PARENT, Marc
2001

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The authors, specialists in public health and members of an association that aims to create opportunities for access to training in public health in developing countries, warn that the use of the term globalization ignores the reality of the digital divide, that is, the fact that social inequalities may preclude the realization of this promise on a truly global scale. The article deals with several critical questions of the north to south communications and the limits to this type of information for public health training

'That kind of life?' Social exclusion and young disabled people with high levels of support needs

MORRIS, Jenny
Scope
2001

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"Government policy assumes social inclusion is about having a job. Young disabled people say it is about having friends, choices and being listened to. Young disabled people who have high levels of support needs are absent from our communities. Policies and practice are developed without considering their views and needs. At the heart of this report are the direct experiences of 44 young people with high levels of physical, sensory and/or cognitive impairment. Their powerful messages have major implications for the current policy agenda and show what needs to be done to combat social exclusion"

Technical assistance for identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction

ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK (ADB)
2000

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This article provides tools that help to address the situation of disabled people living in poverty. It helps to identify national policies, programmes, projects and initiatives concerning disability and poverty to develop action plans. The article will be helpful for project and programme managers, policy advisors, NGOs and development aid agencies

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