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Understanding the indigenous knowledge and information systems of pastoralists in Eritrea

DINUCCI, Alessandro
FRE, Zeremariam
2003

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This case study explores pastoralists' traditional natural resources mangement practices and their sources and channels of information. It aims to contribute to the development of demand-led extension and advisory services for nomadic herders in Eritrea, on the premise that sustainable development programming builds on indigenous systems of communication and information diffusion

Living conditions among people with activity limitations in Namibia : a representative, national survey

EIDE, Arne H
VAN ROOY, Gert
LOEB, Mitch E
2003

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This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Namibia using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities

Poor, disabled and shut out

WOLFENSOHN, James D
December 2002

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This article advocates for an increase in inclusive development work that more fully considers the needs of disabled people. The author puts forward a set of recommendations including development projects that prioritise accessible infrastructure in developing countries and improvements in data collection and research. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and development

Water supply and sanitation access and use by physically disabled people : e-conference synthesis report

LEWIS, Ingrid
REED, R.
JONES, Hazel
Eds
October 2002

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The aim of this e-conference was to provide a forum for sharing information, experience and views on issues related to disabled people's access to and use of water and sanitation facilities. The report looks at barriers to accessible water and sanitation facilities; strategies to improve accessibility; and tools to support improvement in access. It is useful for CBR projects, governments, and planners

Perspectives on disability, poverty and technology : a report to Healthlink Worldwide and GIC Ltd

ALBERT, Bill
MCBRIDE, Rob
SEDDON, David
September 2002

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This paper sets out an approach to disability and development based on the social model of disability. It states that national and international statistics on the incidence of physical and/or mental impairment provides a partial and often misleading notion of the social reality of disability in developing countries. They should therefore not be used to gauge the needs of disabled people or to estimate the costs or benefits of programmes. The paper argues for the need to formulate an integrated strategy towards disability and development. It recommends that specific criteria be adopted for judging project concept notes and proposals and makes recommendations regarding the choice and weighting of criteria. It also provides a set of recommendations for: DFID in general; DFID in relation to its Disability Knowledge and Research (KaR) programme; the Disability KaR programme managers; further work to be undertaken

Definitions of disability in Europe : a comparative analysis

MABBETT, Deborah
Eds
September 2002

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This report examines the definitions of disability found in social policy throughout European Union member states and Norway. It differentiates between anti-discrimination legislation and more restrictive social policy and would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability studies and legislation

Leave no child behind! Social exclusion and child development

HERTZMAN, Clyde
May 2002

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Based on research in Vancouver, the paper shows how five specific developmental outcomes in young children are correllated with socio-economic factors. It argues that Canadian society systematically denies identifiable groups of children the opportunity for healthy development and that this ought to be recognized as an important form of social exclusion alongside others

Birth registration : right from the start

INNOCENTI RESEARCH CENTRE, UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
March 2002

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This Digest looks at birth registration -- a fundamental human right that opens the door to other rights, including education and health care, participation and protection. Unregistered children are often the children of the poor and excluded, such as refugees or particular indigenous groups. Lack of registration exacerbates their poverty and underscores their marginalisation. Non-registration also has serious implications for national goverments. Countries need to know how many people they have and how many there are likely to be in the future, in order to plan effectively. This Digest emphasizes the crucial importance of birth registration, explores the obstacles to universal registration and highlights the actions -- including awareness raising, legislative changes, resource allocation and capacity building -- that are needed to ensure the registration of every child

Gender and disability : a survey of InterAction member agencies. Findings and recommendations on inclusion of women and men with disabilities in international development programs

SINGLETON, Tina L
et al
2002

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This is the report of a research project on the efforts of US non-governmental organisations (NGOs) to reach disabled people. It found that there was a lack of data on the participation of disabled people especially disabled women and girls, and that these groups were also under-represented among the participants of the NGOs' programmes

HIV/AIDS : a resource for journalists

SOUL CITY INSTITUTE FOR HEALTH AND DEVELOPMENT COMMUNICATION
et al
2002

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A consice handbook to help journalists cover HIV/AIDS in an effective and responsible manner. Provides South African-based contacts, websites and basic information on a wide range of HIV-related issues

Keeping the promise : summary of the declaration of commitment on HIV/AIDS

JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAMME ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2002

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In June 2001, governments from around the world met for a special UN session on HIV/AIDS. This was the first of its kind. Participating governments agreed this declaration as a global and national response to HIV, containing ambitious indicators of achievements. The document can be used as an advocacy tool in holding governments to account

Are we not peasants too? Land rights and women's claims in India

AGARWAL, Bina
2002

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Explores the barriers and challenges to securing effective, enforceable land rights for women -- even in countries with progressive social movements and the appropriate legal reforms, such as India. Shows how this issue is central to improving rural women's economic status. Presents a range of strategies (eg re-directing micro-credit) to tackle these problems, and closes with a summary of how women are organising around this issue

Disability and poverty reduction strategies : how to ensure that access of persons with disabilities to decent and productive work is part of the PRSP process

INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION (ILO)
2002

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The World Bank and International Monetary Fund's poverty reduction strategy paper (PRSP) approach has been widely adopted by many countries. However the examination of current PRSPs shows that disabled people have been forgotten in most of them. This paper summarises reasons why it is important to include disabled people in the PRSP process. It also presents how disabled people should be included in the PRSPs and analyses the way disability has been treated in the PRSP sourcebook

Enhancing accessibility for people with disabilities living in urban areas

VENTER, C
et al
2002

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People with disabilities constitute a significant proportion of the poor in developing countries. If internationally agreed targets on reducing poverty are to be reached, it is critical that specific measures be taken to reduce the societal discrimination and isolation that people with disabilities continue to face. Transport is an important issue. This paper aims to further the understanding of the mobility and access issues experienced by people with disabilities in developing countries and to identify specific steps that can be taken to start addressing problems; produce a compendium of guidelines that can be used by government authorities, advocacy groups and agencies to improve the access to transport. The investigation into mobility needs was conducted in five case study countries: India, Malawi, Mexico, Mozambique and South Africa

Meeting the needs of people with disabilities : new approaches in the health sector. A technical note

WIMAN, Ronald
HELANDER, Einar
WESTLAND, Joan
2002

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Today many people with disabilities tend to be disempowered and deprived of economic and social opportunities and security because they are excluded from areas of social life. Furthermore, they are also underserved by most public and private institutions and services. As a result, people with disabilities tend to be the poorest of the poor and their health is vulnerable.
The role of the health sector in the prevention of disabling conditions, in addressing disabling diseases and limiting their effects, as well as in rehabilitation is central. Therefore, health sector interventions should address the disability dimension to best facilitate poverty reduction.
In order to provide disabled people with a health care system that addresses their needs, several steps are needed. Governments must support equal opportunities for all and the disability dimension must be included into economic and social life

Understanding and measuring social capital : a multi-disciplinary tool for practitioners

GROOTART, Christiaan
VON BASTELAER, Thierry
2002

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This book provides a conceptual review of social capital and measurement tools in a form readily accessible to development practitioners. It discusses the value of quantitative and qualitative approaches to the analysis of social capital, illustrating the discussion with examples, and case studies from many countries. It also presents the Social Capital Assessment Tool, which combines quantitative and qualitative instruments to measure social capital at the level of household, community, and organisation, drawing on multidisciplinary, empirical experiences, an application which can provide project managers with valuable baseline, and monitoring information about social capital in its different dimensions. The Social Capital Assessment Tool can be downloaded from a CD-ROM which is included with this book

Social capital and poverty reduction : which role for the civil society organizations and the State?

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION
Ed
2002

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This volume brings together four papers on the role of social capital in development. These are : "Social capital Formation: a poverty reducing strategy?" by Else Øyen; "Citizen participation and social capital formation: resource mobilisation for social development: the experience of Comunidade Solidária in Brazil" by Miguel Darcy de Oliveira; "Social capital in theory and practice: reducing poverty by building partnerships between states, markets and civil society" by Michael Woolcock; and "Social capital and the rural poor: what can civil actors and policies do?" by Sanjeev Prakash

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