This literature review originated as part of an exploratory study of beggars with disabilities in Ethiopia, reported on in ILO Working Paper No. 141 published in 2013. It has been updated and is published separately here, as a contribution to debates on the social and economic inclusion of persons with disabilities, on poverty reduction and social protection. Beggars with disabilities are among the poor and disadvantaged in society. Yet they are virtually invisible in the policy agenda of countries around the world, and indeed are overlooked in advocacy efforts to improve opportunities for people with disabilities in general. This is the case, even in countries that have ratified and are moving to implement the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The CRPD requires States to promote the right of persons with disabilities to work on an equal basis with others; and emphasises the importance of fostering respect for their rights and dignity, and raising awareness of their capabilities and contributions, as well as the need to combat prejudices and stereotype in all areas of life. Coming to an understanding of why people with disabilities end up as beggars on the streets of towns and cities around the world is important if the vision of the CRPD is to make a difference to persons with disabilities at all levels of society. It is also relevant to the discussions taking place about the adoption of a post-2015 development framework, in which poverty reduction and the promotion of decent work opportunities for all women and men are likely to feature prominently.
This executive summary provides an overview of the report that advocates for DFID to dedicate adequate resources to tackling the exclusion of all marginalised groups from education in a strategic manner and highlights five key recommendations
"This report advocates that DFID dedicate adequate resources to tackling the exclusion of all marginalised groups from education in a strategic manner, in line with Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 2 to achieve universal primary education, the Education for All (EFA) goals and international human rights instruments such as the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Mainly, it focuses on these wider issues of marginalization"
This paper outlines the economic and poverty situation of working-age persons with disabilities and their households in 15 developing countries. Using data from the World Health Survey, the study presents estimates of disability prevalence, individual-level economic well-being, household-level economic well-being, and multidimensional poverty measure. Detailed appendices are provided to support the results of the study. This paper is useful for people interested in the social and economic conditions of people with disabilities in developing countries
Social Protection Discussion Paper No 1109
Taking into account the gender and disability discrimination, this conference paper examines the impact of low income on the health outcomes of women with disabilities. Recommendations are provided for the proposed National Women’s Health Policy regarding women with disabilities and the management of their complex health needs. This paper is useful for people interested in women with disabilities in Australia
Australian Women's Health Network Conference
18-21 May 2010
"This report summarises the findings of an investigation into the feasibility of achieving universal access to old age income security through a social pension in Tanzania." The feasibility study provides an analysis of the cost, fiscal sustainability and financing options for a universal pension and concludes that introducing income security payments for all older Tanzanians is likely to significantly reduce old age poverty
This paper summarises the draft CBR guidelines of WHO/ILO/Unicef into 3 principles: inclusion, empowerment, sustainability. Existing work with people affected by leprosy is reviewed in light of these CBR principles to formulate new strategies and make changes if necessary. The paper also presents experiences from the field with inclusion of leprosy-affected persons in multi-disability self-help groups and disabled people’s organisations
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 21, No 1
"This paper argues that comprehensive age friendly social policy responses to both the financial crisis and to demographic transition are necessary and affordable, and that a focus on investment in the health, livelihoods and economic security of the older poor for the benefit of future generations is more urgent than ever"
"This report provided results of a study of living conditions among people with functional limitation in Mozambique. Two comparative studies of different indicators of living conditions were carried out. These studies include: (i) a comparative study of households with and without family member(s) with functional limitation and (ii) a comparative study of individuals with and without functional limitation. In addition, a detailed study that specifically addresses the situation of individuals with functional limitation was also conducted"
This report presents data about health, nutrition and population status of people in Cote d'Ivoire, service use, and related matters among individuals belonging to different socio-economic classes. The principal focus is on differences among groups of individuals defined in terms of the wealth or assets of the households where they reside. This is one of a series of reports about 56 developing countries. This is an expanded and updated version of the series published in 2000
This study investigates how children and parenting behaviours change from infancy to early childhood, how parenting influences concurrent and future child development, and whether parenting itself is affected by and responsive to child development. Also investigated was whether individual indicators of socioeconomic status moderate (i.e., strengthen or weaken) these associations. Results showed that mothers with higher levels of education provided more interactive and engaged parenting
This paper suggests the need for a particular focus on women and women's empowerment as part of the response to the HIV pandemic, because the majority of infections are sexually transmitted
"This study explored the perceptions of people affected by leprosy regarding impact of socio-economic rehabilitation (SER) on stigma-reduction. The study combined a quantitative questionnaire (the P-scale) with semi-structured interviews of 20 individual SER participants, five focus group discussions and 10 key informant interviews…The authors speculate that through the pathway of improvements in economic and living conditions, SER is beginning to influence the process of social interaction, resulting in postive attitudinal change towards SER participants. The subjective opinions of interviewees suggest that improved self-esteem, positive family and community support for SER participants and increasing participation in community activities are indications of stigma-reduction"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 18, No 2
This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Zambia using both individual data and data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities
This document was prepared by the SEQUAL Development Partnership, a group comprised of higher education institutions in England, Scotland, and Wales. Individually, each group has been working locally to research and understand the complexities of discrimination, employability and social exclusion. This collection of summaries outlines the key findings and recommendations from their work. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in employability, discrimination, social exclusion and disability
Despite imporvements in public health in the last half-century, large disparities in health exist between and within countries. Differences among socio-economic groups can be pronounced, but are easily masked by national data that are used for monitoring and reporting progress. A recent analysis of data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) programme provides clear evidence of the gap between rich and poor in a range of health and population indicators. This wallchart uses the recent research and analysis to shed light on how the poorest women and children are faring compared with their better-off peers. Selected health and population indicators are provided for 53 developing countries, including fertility, infant and child mortality, nutrition, and the use of family planning and other health services
This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with physical disability in Malawi. The report, one of a series of research reports which also includes Zimbabwe and Namibia, looks at the fields of employment, education, living conditions and services for disabled people
"This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Zimbabwe using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities"
This report presents the main risk factors for disability in old age and how it can be prevented. It provides a synthesis of the best available evidence, including a summary of the main findings and policy options related to the topic. It is useful for people interested in disability in old age
This report presents the findings of a study about the livelihoods of people with disability in Namibia using data from household surveys with and without people with disabilities. The report, one of a series of regional research reports to establish baseline data on living conditions among people in Southern Africa, looks at the fields of health, employment, education, living conditions and services for people with disabilities
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion