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People with disabilities | Social injustice and public health

GROCE, Nora Ellen
2006

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The primary issues faced by people with disabilities are not only specific impairments but also the social stigma, reduced access to resources and poverty that limit their full potential. Social justice cannot be achieved unless people with disabilities - among the poorest and most marginalised - are fully included

Gender, health and development in the Americas : basic indicators 2005

GENDER, ETHNICITY, AND HEALTH UNIT (PAHO)
2006

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This publication aims to provide a set of basic statistical indicators that illustrate the differences between women and men in terms of health status and its socioeconomic determinants. Graphs are presented for some indicators of priority gender and health issues for which information is available in only a limited number of countries

Disability trends and determinants in older ages in Asian countries

OFSTEDAL, Mary Beth
2006

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This presentation presents research about disability trends and determinants in older ages in Asian countries. The author compares the prevalence of functional barriers of disability including the areas of activities of daily living, instrumental activities of daily living and physical functioning activities. Comparing trends between 1992 and 2002, the author reports that there has been an increase for ageing people and highlight age, gender, socioeconomic status, physical and cognitive health, and psychosocial factors are crucial for undertaking further research in understanding aging and disability
Presentation for the Panel Session on "Aging with Disability : A Global Perspective U-M Council for Disability Concerns"
Ann Arbor, University of Michigan
27 October 2006

The capability approach and disability

MITRA, Sophie
2006

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"The purpose of this article is to assess how an approach developed in economics to analyze issues related to the standard of living, the so-called capability approach, may help us understand disability at the conceptual level"
Journal of Disability Policy Studies, Vol 16, No 4

Social capital and health : does egalitariansim matter? A literature review

ISLAM, M Kamrul
et al
2006

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This literature review provides an overview of the notion and practice of social capital and its impact on health. The study found significant relationships between health and social capital, irrespective of a country's degree of egalitarianism. However, in egalitarian countries, contextual social capital seems less relevant in explaining health differences across places

Cash benefits to disabled persons in Brazil : an analysis of the BPC continuous cash benefit programme

MEDEIROS, Marcelo
DINIZ, Debora
SQUINCA, Flávia
2006

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This resource is an analysis of the Continuous Cash Benefit Programme, an unconditional cash transfer to disabled Brazilians and other vulnerable groups. The data used for this paper are based on court decisions and laws relating to this policy since implementation. The aim is to provide recommendations on the design, operation and future evaluations of the programme. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in social protection, disability and development

Disability in conditional cash transfer programs : drawing on experience in LAC

MONT, Daniel
2006

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This resource analyses the participation and outcomes of disabled people in conditional cash transfer programmes. Relying on the limited data and anecdotal evidence that exist, this paper raises important structural and theoretical concerns related to the implementation of these programmes in Latin American countries. It concludes that increased attention to information gathering is required to improve programmes and policies that affect vulnerable groups

Tough choices : disability and social security in South Africa | Disability and social change : a South African agenda

SWARTZ, Leslie
SCHNEIDER, Marguerite
2006

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This resource investigates disability and social change in South Africa. Specifically, it asserts that the biggest barrier to the full participation of disabled people in South African society is discrimination. In line with the social model of disability, this work further claims that societal attitudes hinder access to safe, accessible and affordable transport, employment and HIV and AIDS programmes

Overcoming the barriers to mainstreaming and the inclusion of disability [whole issue]

SIZER, Alison
September 2005

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This issue focuses on the discussions at a roundtable held in India on the theme 'Mainstreaming disability in development'. The discussions focused on challenges of mainstreaming disability, overcoming the challenges (particularly around access to information, attitudes, policy and legislation, and lack of employment and education opportunities). The roundtable was organised by Healthlink Worldwide as part of DFID's Disability Knowledge and Research (DisabilityKaR) Programme. It was hosted by the Blind People's Association of India (BPA)

Trends in the timing of first marriage among men and women in the developing world

MENSCH, Barbara S
SINGH, Susheela
CASTERLINE, John B
August 2005

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The timing of first union merits investigation not only because of the close temporal link between marriage and the onset of childbearing, but also because the age when men and women marry has implications for the organization of family life and for gender relations within society. This paper begins by reviewing the contributions of various social science disciplines to an understanding of the timing of marriage. Using current status data from 73 countries provided by the United Nations Population Division and retrospective data from 52 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 1990 and 2001, we then examine recent trends in the timing of first marriage or union for men and women in the developing world. With the exception of South America for both sexes and South and Southeast Asia for men, substantial declines have occurred in the proportion of young men and women who are married. Given the differentials in the timing of marriage by educational attainment and residence, we assess whether the decline in the proportion of young people who are married is related to increases in schooling and urbanization. Expansion of schooling for women has had some impact, but a considerable portion of the reduction in early marriage is not explained by changes in levels of education. We consider other factors that might account for the increase in age at marriage. Finally, we review what is known about the consequences of changing age at marriage with a particular focus on risk of HIV infection.

Caring for landmine victims

INTERNATIONAL COMMITTEE OF THE RED CROSS (ICRC)
June 2005

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This booklet examines the challenges involved in providing assistance to landmine victims, many of whom cannot be provided with sufficient care because of poverty and a lack of health facilities. It also highlights the responsibilities of states to the Ottawa Convention and the new protocol on explosive remnants of war (ERW), and encourages increased efforts by both health-care systems and governments to support the victims

Are disabled peoples’ voices from both south and north being heard in the development process?|A comparative analysis between the situation in South Africa, Zimbabwe, United Kingdom and Northern Europe

DUBE, A K
CHAROWA, Gladys
May 2005

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This study reveals that there are major differences between the South and the North regarding issues involving persons with disabilities. It shows that the North provides devices for disabled persons and maintains high standards in disability; whereas countries in the South have weak acts of parliament, in addition to the fact that much of the South does not have social security benefits

Disability, poverty and the Millennium Development Goals [whole issue]

SIZER, Alison
HAMMOND, Sarah
February 2005

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Issue focusing on the discussions at a roundtable held in Malawi on the theme Disability, Poverty and the Millennium Development Goals. The discussions focused on challenges to engaging decision makers with disability issues, overcoming the challenges, disability and the MDGs, and a framework for action. The roundtable was organised by Healthlink Worldwide as part of DFID's Disability Knowledge and Research (DisabilityKaR) Programme. It was hosted by the Federation of Disability Organisations or Malawi (FEDOMA)

Data and statistics on disability in developing countries

EIDE, Arne H
LOEB, Mitch E
2005

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This report was produced for the UK Department for International Development's (DFID) Disability Knowledge and Research Programme. Disability statistics in low-income countries have so far largely comprised impairment-based prevalence figures. It is argued that prevalence in itself is of limited interest and that there is a need for data that can describe, analyse and compare the situation among individuals with disabilities, as well as contribute to increased knowledge about the link between disability and poverty. By using the conceptual scheme inherent in the ICF (international classification of functioning, disability and health) model, an alternative approach to disability statistics may be developed. As an alternative to dividing the population into disabled and non-disabled, activity limitation and/or restrictions in social participation can be measured as a continuous variable among all regardless of the presence of any impairment. We thus have two different approaches for developing disability statistics, and it is argued that they will both provide useful information

Fact sheet on poverty and disability

INCLUSION INTERNATIONAL
2005

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This factsheet gives some statistics on the international prevalence of disability and poverty and describes the poverty cycle they create. It goes on to describe poverty reduction strategies

A historical overview of health disparities and the potential of eHealth solutions

GIBBONS, M
2005

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Over the past decade a rapidly expanding body of literature has demonstrated the existence of disparities in health and health care. While consensus has not emerged regarding the causes of disparities, they are generally thought to be related to sociocultural, behavioural, economic, environmental, biologic, or societal factors. To effectively address disparities, several authorities have suggested the need for greater information technology research and investments. eHealth researchers may be able to make significant contributions in this area through research and its applications. This paper begins with a historical overview of health disparities in the United States and Europe. It then discusses the role that the Internet, and access to the Internet, may play in the genesis of health disparities. Finally, this paper closes with a discussion of the potential benefits of eHealth applications and the possible contributions of the field to overcoming disparities in health and health care

UN Millennium Project 2005 : who's got the power? Transforming health systems for women and children. Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health

FREEDMAN, Lynn P
et al
2005

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This report has been produced by the Task Force on Child Health and Maternal Health. It identifies technical interventions needed to address the problems of high rates of maternal mortality, continued child deaths due to preventable illnesses, unmet need for sexual and reproductive health services, and weak and fragile health systems. The report also asserts that policymakers must act now to change the fundamental societal dynamics that currently prevent those most in need from accessing quality health care

101 great ideas for the socio-economic reintegration of mine survivors

STANDING TALL AUSTRALIA
MINE ACTION CANADA
2005

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This document describes various programmes worldwide focusing upon the socio-economic reintegration of mine survivors. These involve a process whereby the economic development of individual survivors is tied to a plan to better the economic situation of the community of which they are members. The participatory planning process also includes conducting market studies to insure that the business ventures being contemplated are truly viable under current and anticipated market conditions. This document is useful for people seeking progamme ideas for the socio-economic reintegration of mine survivors and people with disabilities generally

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