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An integrated approach to victim assistance in Cambodia & the role of Australia as supporting state

De BEAUPUIS, Gaetan
HOTTENOT, Elke
November 2018

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The objective of this case study was to review how Cambodia, as an affected state, and Australia as a donor, promote the provision of victim assistance in sectors including health, rehabilitation, disability, socio-economic development and poverty reduction. It documents promising practices and proposes next steps to ensure the sustainability of victim assistance provision in the near and long-term future. This study aims to inspire the mine action community in both affected and donor states to increase its contribution to victim assistance. This case study focuses on both prongs of the integrated approach to victim assistance by describing: i) Broader multi-sector efforts that reach casualties, survivors and indirect victims; and ii) Specific victim assistance efforts to improve victims’ quality of life deployed by mine action stakeholders, other actors in charge of coordinating victim assistance in Cambodia, and Australia as a donor state. An analysis of these specific efforts revealed that they fall into one of two of the following categories: a) Bridging gaps in data collection and service provision, or b) Advocating for, and facilitating, a multisector response.

 

Humanity & Inclusion (HI) and the Cambodian Mine Action and Victim Assistance Authority (CMAA) conducted the study in November 2017 in seven provinces. The methodology comprised three steps: a desk review of project documents, national plans and policies from a range of sectors with a focus on programmes funded by Australia; interviews with key personnel from the mine action and the disability sectors; and a field survey comprising 31 individual indepth interviews with 19 survivors and 12 other persons with disabilities (23 male and 8 female), 12 focus group discussions as well as field visits to observe the initiatives described in this publication. 

 

 

The medical peace work textbook

ROWSON, M
MELF, K
Eds
2008

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This textbook provides an introduction to medical peace work and includes chapters relating to human rights; the causes and health effects of war and violent conflict; how health workers can promote peace-building and reconstruction; and the health and well-being needs of refugees and immigrants. The book is aimed at doctors, nurses, public health workers and other health professionals, and students. This e-textbook is part of an online course on Medical Peace Work. The book can be consulted, downloaded, or printed for free without registering for the course

Neglected diseases : a human rights analysis

HUNT, Paul
et al
2007

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This report introduces and explores some of the connections between neglected tropical diseases (those affecting people living in developing countries, particularly in rural areas) and human rights with a view to urging all parties concerned to work collaboratively in identifying the practical implications of applying human rights to the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of policies, programmes and projects for neglected diseases

Double burden : a situation analysis of HIV/AIDS and young people with disabilities in Rwanda and Uganda

YOUSAFZAI, Aisha
EDWARDS, Karen
2004

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This analysis was carried out by Save the Children UK after reports from the field suggested that disabled people were not accessing HIV prevention information or services, despite being at higher risk of infection. It outlines ways in which disabled people are not fully included in safer-sex communications: for instance blind people hear talk about condoms, but have never held one; the necessity to have a sign-language interpreter for deaf people compromises their right to confidentiality; young girls with disabilities are more likely to be raped and are less able to negotiate safe sex. It recommends the greater integration of disabled people into health and HIV communications and further research to develop disabled-friendly means of communication

Outreach and partnerships

SARGENT, Linda
2004

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Accessibility does not lead automatically to an inclusive society. Disabled people must be involved in all activities. This guide gives museums and libraries some ideas on how they can improve their outreach to disabled people. Although it has been produced for the UK, it is also relevant for other countries

Employment at every level

DELIN, Annie
2004

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Museums and libraries have to be enabled to employ disabled people. This guidebook gives employers some ideas on how to include disabled people in their human resources. Although it has been produced for the UK, it is also relevant for other countries

Persons with disability : study commissioned by the Corporate Planning Unit of the City of Joburg as a component of the human development agenda

WHITEHEAD, Melissa
2004

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The aim of this research is to highlight problems with, and identify gaps in, the human development agenda as they relate to persons with disability in the City of Johannesburg. The research report also gives an overview of the methodologies applied.
The report is useful for organisations and persons who want to learn more about the situation of disabled persons in Johannesburg. Also it is of interest for researchers and organisations that are developing research methodology and policy

The disability dimension in EU country strategy papers and national indicative programmes for ACP countries : how to ensure that the socio-economic integration of persons with disabilities is part of the CSP process

Christian Blind Mission International (CBM International)
2004

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This report examines the inclusion of disability aspects in the African-Caribbean Pacific (ACP) country strategy papers (CSPs) of the European Commission. Out of the 70 CSPs only 19 mention disabled people. Taking a holistic approach towards disability, the CSP can still be used as a tool to include disabled people into national policies.
The paper was prepared as a guidance for the delegations and offices of the EU to include disabled people in their policies. It is also of interest for DPOs and NGOs in the ACP countries

Surgical reconstruction and rehabilitation in leprosy and other neuropathies

SCHWARZ, R. J.
BRANDSMA, J. W.
Eds
2004

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"This book is designed for those with some training in reconstructive surgery for peripheral neuropathies, but who have not been exposed to all of the procedures presently available...In this field it is absolutely essential that the surgeon works closely with a therapist able to educate the patient following reconstructive surgical procedures. As such the book is also designed for therapists, with chapters covering the principles and techniques of pre- and postoperative therapy for neuropathic limbs. The book also contains sections on orthopaedic appliances and prosthesis, but only in sufficient detail to allow the surgeon to have a reasonable understanding of how to choose an appropriate orthosis/ prosthesis and what can be expected of the same"

Disability and the labour market : data gaps and needs in Latin America and the Caribbean

HERNANDEZ-LICONA, Gonzalo
2004

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This article is concerned with the difficulties in estimating the prevalence of, and economic costs connected to, disability in Latin America and the Caribbean. Economic consequences of disability are high and largely under-estimated. A common definition must be agreed upon before disability and its links to other labour variables can be analysed, and increased resources are key to gathering the data needed for this analysis

Disability in context

DELIN, Annie
2003

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This leaflet introduces the series Resource Disability Portfolio for libraries, archives and museums. It summarises the major aspects of the series. Although it is produced for the UK, it is also relevant for other countries

Training for equality

PLAYFORTH, Sarah
2003

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This brochure explains the major point of equality training for staff who work in museums and libraries. Although this brochure was produced for the UK it would also be very useful for people outside the UK

Understanding the indigenous knowledge and information systems of pastoralists in Eritrea

DINUCCI, Alessandro
FRE, Zeremariam
2003

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This case study explores pastoralists' traditional natural resources mangement practices and their sources and channels of information. It aims to contribute to the development of demand-led extension and advisory services for nomadic herders in Eritrea, on the premise that sustainable development programming builds on indigenous systems of communication and information diffusion

Poverty, disability and impairment in the developing world

DURHAM, Michael
2003

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A summary of the report "Perspectives on disability, poverty and technology" written by Albert, McBride and Seddon. This summary defines disability and impairment, and emphasises the social model of disability. It demonstrates the links between poverty, disability and impairment, and advocates for the mainstreaming of disability into all development projects

Health : an ecosystem approach

LEBEL, Jean
2003

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Can people remain healthy in a world that is sick? Many ecological disasters can be directly traced to careless exploitation of the environment, with human beings as first perpetrator and then victim. Our health closely mirrors the health of our surroundings: this is the basis of the Ecohealth approach. It recognizes the links between humans and their biophysical, social, and economic environments, and that these links are reflected in the population's state of health. This is a new area of research, requiring input from scientists, community and interest groups, and decision-makers. This book describes this new approach, providing lessons and recommendations from various IDRC-supported research activities. It demonstrates how decision-makers, in particular, can use the ecohealth approach to formulate policies and solutions that are both immediately visible and sustainable over the long term

Leave no child behind! Social exclusion and child development

HERTZMAN, Clyde
May 2002

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Based on research in Vancouver, the paper shows how five specific developmental outcomes in young children are correllated with socio-economic factors. It argues that Canadian society systematically denies identifiable groups of children the opportunity for healthy development and that this ought to be recognized as an important form of social exclusion alongside others

Disability, poverty, and HIV and AIDS

BANDA, Irene
2002

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This is a summary of the findings of a study conducted by the disabled people's organisation Zimbabwe Parents of Handicapped Children Association (ZPHCA). The article briefly describes the links between disability, poverty and HIV/AIDS based on the findings of a study in Zimbabwe. Full reports of the research are referenced in the Source key list on HIV/AIDS and disability (authors Patrick Nganzi and George Matonhodze)

Meeting the needs of people with disabilities : new approaches in the health sector. A technical note

WIMAN, Ronald
HELANDER, Einar
WESTLAND, Joan
2002

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Today many people with disabilities tend to be disempowered and deprived of economic and social opportunities and security because they are excluded from areas of social life. Furthermore, they are also underserved by most public and private institutions and services. As a result, people with disabilities tend to be the poorest of the poor and their health is vulnerable.
The role of the health sector in the prevention of disabling conditions, in addressing disabling diseases and limiting their effects, as well as in rehabilitation is central. Therefore, health sector interventions should address the disability dimension to best facilitate poverty reduction.
In order to provide disabled people with a health care system that addresses their needs, several steps are needed. Governments must support equal opportunities for all and the disability dimension must be included into economic and social life

International classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2001

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"The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, known more commonly as ICF, is a classification of health and health-related domains. These domains are classified from body, individual and societal perspectives by means of two lists: a list of body functions and structure, and a list of domains of activity and participation. Since an individual’s functioning and disability occurs in a context, the ICF also includes a list of environmental factors. The ICF is WHO's framework for measuring health and disability at both individual and population levels"

Information and communication technologies and disability in developing countries : a technical note

SANDHU, Jim S
SAARNIO, Ilkka
WIMAN, Ronald
2001

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This study highlights the role information and communication technologies (ICT) can play in the fight against poverty of disabled people in developing countries. The study addresses the possibilities and barriers ICT can cause for disabled people. It shows the role ICT can play in the provision of services and information for disabled people in the context of middle and low income countries

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