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Preventing gender-based violence : getting it right

February 2014

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This article looks at key factors in the prevention of Gender Based Violence (GBV) in disaster, conflict and resettlement situations, recognising the need for better understanding and investigation into why known strategies are unevenly implemented. These factors include the importance of key interventions during the first days and weeks; socio-cultural norms and legal and policy frameworks; the lack of basic needs and lack of economic, educational and social opportunities; and engaging men and boys. The article concludes by suggesting that a more collective, cross-sectoral approach, reinforced with accountability systems, is required for overall progress in GBV prevention

Humanitarian Exchange Magazine, Issue 60


Evolution of victim assistance within Handicap International

April 2013

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"This Viewpoints piece describes the development and elaboration of victim assistance within HI. It highlights, in particular, the interplay between programming, research, and policy development. Drawing on examples from South Sudan and Libya, the reflection also describes how HI has integrated its approach by incorporating survivors of gun violence into existing victim assistance and disability projects, and increasingly focuses on injury prevention"
Viewpoint Series, No 2

Improved and standardized method for assessing years lived with disability after injury

et al

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"This article presents the results of study that aimed to develop a standardized method for calculating years lived with disability (YLD) after injury. The method developed consists of obtaining data on injury cases seen in emergency departments as well as injury-related hospital admissions, using the EUROCOST system to link the injury cases to disability information and employing empirical data to describe functional outcomes in injured patients. The novel method for calculating YLD after injury can be applied in different settings, overcomes some limitations of the method used to calculate the global burden of disease, and allows more accurate estimates of the population burden of injury"
Bull World Health Organ, 90

Gendered experiences : marriage and the stigma of leprosy

TRY, Leonie

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Stigma is rife in health and health care and it has implicit impacts which are often overlooked. Due to the continued social construction of the stigma of leprosy, it is clear that a greater understanding is needed of how stigma is experienced. This study considers the experiences of marriage of those who are vulnerable to stigmatisation due to leprosy and more specifically identifies different experiences of leprosy-affected women and men and the possible implications

The effects of the stigma of leprosy on the income generation of leprosy affected people in the Terai area of South East Nepal


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[Author's abstract] This study explores the effect of stigma on the income generation of people affected by leprosy in the southeast Terai area of Nepal. Semi-structured interviews were conducted to explore experiences of stigma and the effect on income generation. Results showed a negative effect on income generation - with employment being lost as a direct result of stigma in several cases. The negative physical effects of the disease were for many the main reason for lost income, or employment

Social capital and health : does egalitariansim matter? A literature review

ISLAM, M Kamrul
et al

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This literature review provides an overview of the notion and practice of social capital and its impact on health. The study found significant relationships between health and social capital, irrespective of a country's degree of egalitarianism. However, in egalitarian countries, contextual social capital seems less relevant in explaining health differences across places

A historical overview of health disparities and the potential of eHealth solutions


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Over the past decade a rapidly expanding body of literature has demonstrated the existence of disparities in health and health care. While consensus has not emerged regarding the causes of disparities, they are generally thought to be related to sociocultural, behavioural, economic, environmental, biologic, or societal factors. To effectively address disparities, several authorities have suggested the need for greater information technology research and investments. eHealth researchers may be able to make significant contributions in this area through research and its applications. This paper begins with a historical overview of health disparities in the United States and Europe. It then discusses the role that the Internet, and access to the Internet, may play in the genesis of health disparities. Finally, this paper closes with a discussion of the potential benefits of eHealth applications and the possible contributions of the field to overcoming disparities in health and health care

Social capital and children's wellbeing : a critical synthesis of the international social capital literature

October 2004

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This literature review looks at main international studies on social capital and children's and youth's wellbeing, presents a critical analysis of the concept and discusses its relevance as a reliable predictor of positive future outcomes for children and young people. It outlines both family social capital indicators - including family structure, quality of parent-child relations, adult's interest in the child, parent's monitoring of the child and extended family exchange and support - and community social capital indicators - which comprise social support networks, civic engagement in local institutions, trust and safety, degree of religiosity, quality of school and quality of neighbourhood. The article calls for further empirical scrutiny of social capital predictors, while accepting that the impact of social capital on children's future attainments is second only to poverty

Viewpoint : Disability : the hidden side of African poverty

MITRA, Sophie

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In this article, the author argues that whereas it is clear that poverty levels are high among disabled people in Africa, there is a lack of reliable statistics on the prevalence of disability. She disputes existing estimates of disability prevalence as being too low and calls for an improvement in data collection to allow for better planning of poverty reduction work among disabled people

Model national personal assistance policy


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Social policy is often characterised by legislation and administration hindering people who depend on it to benefit from it. This paper suggests we recognise the right of disabled people to have the power of decision. The concept of direct payments can help to provide better quality services which are person-centred and which help to eliminate monopolies in the field of social work

Poverty and disability : breaking the vicious cycle through inclusion

YEO, Rebecca
December 2003

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This article highlights the fact that disabled people and disability issues are largely excluded from international development organisations and research. The Chronic Poverty Research Centre and Action on Disability in Development undertook research on disability and poverty which showed that most disabled people are vulnerable, excluded and deprived. The article advocates for mainstreaming and inclusion to break the links between poverty and disability

Poverty, health and disability

November 2003

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This is a series of articles on poverty, disability and health, which includes a look at community approaches to disability in Bangladesh and further resource lists

Global equity gauge alliance : reflections on early experiences

McCOY, David
et al
September 2003

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"This paper traces the evolution and working of the Global Equity Gauge Alliance (GEGA) and its efforts to promote health equity...[It] provides examples of strategies for promoting pro-equity policy and social change and reviews experiences and lessons, both in terms of technical success of interventions and in relation to the conceptual development and refinement of the Equity Gauge Strategy..."

Poor, disabled and shut out

December 2002

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This article advocates for an increase in inclusive development work that more fully considers the needs of disabled people. The author puts forward a set of recommendations including development projects that prioritise accessible infrastructure in developing countries and improvements in data collection and research. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in disability and development

When staff is underpaid : dealing with the individual coping strategies of health personnel

et al

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'Health sector workers respond to inadequate salaries and working conditions by developing various individual ‘‘coping strategies’’ - some, but not all, of which are of a predatory nature. The paper reviews what is known about these practices and their potential consequences (competition for time, brain drain and conflicts of interest)....[It] argues that...Governments will need to recognize the dimension of the phenomenon and systematically assess the consequences of policy initiatives on the situation and behaviour of the individuals that make up their workforce'

Information technologies, health, and globalization : anyone excluded?

PARENT, Florence

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The authors, specialists in public health and members of an association that aims to create opportunities for access to training in public health in developing countries, warn that the use of the term globalization ignores the reality of the digital divide, that is, the fact that social inequalities may preclude the realization of this promise on a truly global scale. The article deals with several critical questions of the north to south communications and the limits to this type of information for public health training



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