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HIV/AIDS prevention and care in Mozambique : a socio-cultural approach. Literature and institutional assessment and case studies on Manga, Sofala Province and Morrumbala District, Zambézia Province

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
June 2002

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This study aimed to identify cultural issues relevant to HIV and AIDS prevention and care in Mozambique; assess how organisations account for and use cultural resources in their work; assess how socio-cultural factors shape young people's behaviour relative to their sexual health and HIV and AIDS. It involved a literature review, interviews and questionnaires for NGOs and governmental organisations, and a series of case studies, which are documented in the second part of this report

Community involvement in malaria control and prevention [Chapter 8] | Malaria control during mass population movements and natural disasters

2002

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This chapter considers malaria control in displaced populations and in the context of complex emergencies, and places community participation (reflecting both understanding and acceptability of interventions) at the centre of both prevention and control of malaria. It finds that the sociocultural context surrounding displacement situations needs to be considered when designing malaria control interventions, and that treatment-seeking behaviours are complex and poorly understood in the context of complex emergencies. It offers suggestions in assessing needs and gathering information to inform project planning

Global mobilisation for HIV prevention : a blueprint for action

GLOBAL HIV PREVENTION WORKING GROUP
2002

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The Global hiv Prevention Working Group, convened by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation, seeks to generate a greatly expanded commitment to preventing hiv transmission as part of a comprehensive approach to fighting the global epidemic. Both developed and developing countries have demonstrated that existing prevention strategies can have a major impact. This 'blueprint for action' - the first report of the Working Group - provides a road map for rapidly scaling up prevention programs to contain and ultimately reverse the aids epidemic. The report reviews the scientific literature on the effectiveness of hiv prevention interventions, identifies obstacles to quickly expanding prevention programs, and makes specific recommendations to prevent millions of infections this decade

Language and cultural issues in surveys of the European Union : a short description and an example of fundamental problems and practical solutions

OYEN, H VAN
et al
2002

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Social statistics are a difficult task when comparing countries that are using different languages and have different social systems. The experience from the European Union shows that there are ways around this problem: but the different countries have to agree first on a conceptual framework, standard instruments and common methods of analysis. The example of the European Union describes a possible use of these tools

Sociocultural influences on disability status in Puerto Rican children

GANOTTI, Mary E
HANDWERKER, W Penn
GROCE, Nora Ellen
CRUZ, Cynthia
September 2001

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This article describes culturally defined meanings of childhood function and disability in Puerto Rico to provide a context for the interpretation of test scores from the Spanish translation of the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI). More than 600 Puerto Rican teachers, parents and caregivers of children with and without disabilities, and members of the general community participated in ethnographic interviews, which were designed to describe their beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about childhood function and disability

Handbook for strategy and policy building

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO). Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue
2001

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One of four handbooks derived from the country assessments carried out under UNESCO's 'Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care' programme. This handbook presents methods for building culturally-appropriate strategies and policies. It first describes current approaches, and then methods for building a culturally-appropriate response. It details action priorities around communication, prevention education, community-based responses, mobilisation of institutional networks and civil society, and capacity building and sensitisation

Fieldwork : building local response

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO). Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue
2001

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One of four handbooks derived from the country assessments carried out under UNESCO's 'Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care' programme. This handbook presents culturally sensitive approaches to fieldwork. It describes the cultural approach and the major challenges defined by UNAIDS: risk, vulnerability, prevention, care, support and impact reduction. It reviews current trends in fieldwork, especially around community and participation. It then presents key points in building local responses, and action priorities including building partnerships between institutions and the field, culturally-appropriate communication strategies, sensitisation and capacity building

Handbook for project design

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO). Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue
2001

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One of four handbooks derived from the country assessments carried out under UNESCO's 'Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care' programme. This handbook identifies common weaknesses in project design, and details ways of addressing these in order to build culturally appropriate projects and programmes

Towards a handbook for India : overall assessment, case studies, strategies/conclusion/recommendations

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO)
THE JOINT UNITED NATIONS PROGRAM ON HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)
2001

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This handbook is based on a UNESCO project on cultural approaches to HIV and AIDS, which focuses on culture as the core element in ensuring relevance, efficiency and sustainability of prevention and care policies and projects. The handbook is intended to be an instrument for taking a cultural approach to HIV/AIDS in the India. It presents a set of methodological and learning approaches to be implemented in planning and training activities. It also presents a series of case studies demonstrating the approach in projects targetting settled and migrant communities in Delhi, female sex workers, men who have sex with men, street children, and drug users. It concludes with lessons learned and recommendations

Women with disabilities - cooking, fires and smoke

RAHMAN, Farhat
2001

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This article describes the difficulities of awareness raising in a remote province of Pakistan. It describes the work of the organisation POWER - the Promotion of Women, Empowerment and Rehabilitation - and the socio-cultural barriers it faces. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in gender issues, daily living, and barriers for disabled women in rural areas

Disability culture : assimilation or inclusion? [Chapter 22]

BARNES, Colin
MERCER, Geoff
2001

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This chapter reviews the analysis of culture and its relationship to society, the economy, and politics, and outlines the representation of disability in mainstream culture. It then explores the generation of disability cultures and examines the development of the disability arts movement and its implications for disability culture. These issues are illustrated with examples from both U.K. and U.S. cultures
Chapter 22 in "Handbook of disability studies"

Disability and development : perspectives on CBR

Society for Appropriate Rehabilitation of the Disabled (SANCHAR)
September 2000

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Disability is not just a medical condition but a complex system of social restrictions emanating from discrimination. The lives of disabled people are made difficult not so much by their specific impairments, as by the way society interprets and reacts to disability

View of the Yeti : bringing up children in the spirit of self-awareness and kindredship

VANDENBROECK, Michel
1999

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Using the mythical creature of the Himalayas, the Yeti, as a symbol for the prejudices and assumptions that people prematurely make about each other, this book discusses bringing up children to accept and cherish diversity and helping them to thrive in an increasingly diverse world. The concept 'diversity' here includes language, gender, physical characteristics, social origin and religious beliefs. Directed to educators and caregivers of toddlers and preschoolers, the book takes insights from Dutch-, French-, and English-language literature and provides practical examples based on European issues and context

Culturally appropriate approaches in early childhood development

SMALE, Jim
Ed
1998

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This edition presents a variety of perspectives and insights into an area that is of interest to many people in the field of early childhood - culturally appropriate approaches to development work with young children, their families and their communities. The contributors range from practitioners in a variety of early childhood projects to a Turkish father building a life with his family in a new country to an applied anthropologist who has advised the Israeli government on the absorption of immigrants from the Caucasus and Central Asia. The contexts that are featured in this edition of Early Childhood Matters include parts of the world in which displaced persons are trying to build a sense of who they are and where they belong

Culturally or contextually appropriate?

SMALE, Jim
Ed
1998

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This edition of Early Childhood Matters is centred on an analysis of culturally relevant approaches in early childhood development undertaken by the Bernard Van Leer Foundation. The objective was to learn from the accumulated experiences of 11 projects. One aim was to explore how projects that work in culturally appropriate ways can pay special attention in their work with children and parents to factors such as language, cultural norms, childrearing practices and family relationships. The second aim was to highlight the ways in which projects working in different contexts handle relationships between cultures. The geographic spread covered Australia, Botswana, Malaysia, The Netherlands, USA, Colombia, Israel and the Palestinian Autonomous region. The chosen projects worked with indigenous peoples in their traditional settings, with migrants and in multi-ethnic environments

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