This K4D helpdesk research report seeks to explore the current (2018) situation of persons with disabilities (PWD) in Jordan. It presents recent data on the state of PWD in Jordan, such as data on access to basic services for PWD. It also considers the political, social, cultural, and economic context for PWD in Jordan. Finally, it explores laws and policies relevant to the rights of PWD in Jordan. It considers the situation for Syrian refugees with disabilities with regards to the above themes. Where possible, the report presents data disaggregated by age and gender
This paper aims to better understand the role of social media in the definition and spread of views on autism in Brazil. To do so, it explores the identities adopted by parents of autistic people in one of the biggest Brazilian online communities about the subject on Facebook, ‘Sou autista… conheça o meu mundo’ (I am autistic… get to know my world), whose members are mostly parents, mainly mothers of autistic people
Disability and the Global South, 2018 Vol.5, No. 1, 1273-1291
"The aim of the research was to investigate the social, cultural and institutional factors which contribute to the high incidence of sexual abuse of persons with disabilities in East Africa and to identify interventions which could change detrimental attitudes, beliefs and practices which perpetuate this high incidence. The study used a qualitative participatory action research approach and worked with local partner organisations and Ugandan and Kenyan field level researchers to collect data. Survivors of sexual abuse were not interviewed but instead the research investigated the understandings, beliefs and practices of a range of service providers and key responders who are involved in the prevention of and response to sexual abuse against persons with disabilities in their communities. Groups consulted included police, teachers, health-care workers, government administrators, faith and community organisations and traditional leaders, as well as persons with disabilities and their parents. Participatory workshops were run with a reference group of people with disabilities (with a range of impairments and experiences) and relevant specialists at the initial stage and during the participatory analysis process. After initial orientation and training the field researchers undertook a total of 52 individual interviews and 9 focus group discussions with a range of stakeholders". Powerpoint slides of the research findings and posters are also available.
The booklet is a simple guide written to support victims of sexual abuse and their families to know their rights and to understand what services are available to them.
"This report, a collaborative effort of the United Nations and other major international organizations working in the area of population ageing, sheds light on progress towards implementing this Plan. It aims to raise awareness about the speed of population ageing and, more generally, about the experience of being old in our changing world. It recommends moving urgently to incorporate ageing issues into national development plans and poverty reduction strategies. It also shows that abuse, neglect and violence against older persons are much more prevalent than currently acknowledged, and points the way towards more effective prevention strategies and stronger legislation that can protect their human rights"
"This interpretive literature review of cultural beliefs and attitudes about disability in East Africa identified themes in four categories including (a) the causes of disability, (b) attitudes towards disability, (c) treatment of people with disabilities, and (d) language about disability. Referencing the medical, social, and pluralistic frameworks for conceptualizing disability, the authors sought to compare and contrast East Africa with perspectives about disability common in the developed world. Implications for policy and practice are discussed"
Review of Disability Studies : An International Journal, Vol 8, Issue 1
"This paper examines factors that impact the ability of refugees within a refugee camp in Kenya to participate in their communities through community-based rehabilitation (CBR). Exploratory case study design was employed. Data triangulation combined observations from teaching encounters, clinics, available reports, individual interviews, and focus groups involving participants from various sectors within the refugee camp. Themes arising from this study reveal that persons with disability and their families are disadvantaged because of issues relating to distribution systems and physical access, discrimination, security, access to information, and lack of community awareness of the capabilities of persons with disability. The existing emergency mode of operation appears to perpetuate disability. Barriers for persons with disability were reported by all participants from differing sectors in the refugee camp. Though many barriers exist, CBR seems feasible and ongoing efforts should be encouraged and supported in the refugee camp setting"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 21, No 2
"Drawing on existing literature and personal experience with CBR in post-conflict areas, this chapter explores the role of CBR in post-conflict zones and how CBR, as a multifaceted and flexible strategy for community development, may constitute a viable strategy for people with disabilities in post-conflict and emergency situations"
Chapter 5 from "Trauma rehabilitation after war and conflict: community and individual perspectives" edited by MARTZ, Erin
This article focuses on the effective management of depression in low- and middle-income countries, reviewing the evidence on efficacy of treatments and delivery of interventions derived from those countries to the extent possible
This paper explores the process and outcome of constructing a "rights model of disability" culturally specific to Jordan and Lebanon
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 19, No 1
This is a summary of a desk-based literature review that examines the factors that contribute to the vulnerability and risk of HIV infection in men, women, and men-who-have-sex-with-men. It is a resource for NGOs and Community Based Organisations to build a greater understanding of how gender and sexuality determine vulnerability to HIV. It also highlights major human rights declarations, treaties and recommendations that can be used by individuals and associations to advocate for their rights and hold decision makers accountable to their commitments
This book contains photographs by Angela Buckland interspersed with text by researchers interested in disability issues. Its aim is to..."increase public awareness of the needs and human rights of disabled people and their families"
This paper looks at the benefits of memory work as a community approach in the reduction of stigma and discrimination and planning for children’s future in communities affected by AIDS, principally in Africa
The aim of the directory is to encourage and strengthen ties between civil society organisations in Africa by providing information on civil society organisations working in Africa. The database can be searched by sector, region in Africa, country of location or keyword. Each entry gives information on the goal or aims of an organisation as well as a link to its website (if there is one) and email contact
This bibliography contains references to 156 resources on understandings of and attitudes toward disability, published between 1898 to 2000
This article is printed in the Health and Science Bulletin produced by the Centre for Health and Population Research, based in Bangladesh. It outlines research conducted among parents in Matlab, Bangladesh, revealing how their beliefs affect household treatment of childhood pneumonia and influence delays in seeking care from trained providers. Many indigenous beliefs and social factors prevent primary care providers, particularly mothers, of pneumonia cases from obtaining prompt and appropriate help. For example, in fear of being blamed for poor caring practices, mothers are reluctant to share information about the illness with other family members. Intervention strategies designed to reduce child mortality associated with pneumonia need to address the cultural beliefs and challenges. Efforts should focus on involving family members such as the child's father or grandmother in early recognition of pneumonia cases. It also suggests that health workers use local terminology and cultural knowledge to communicate the need for prompt treatment with a trained provider
This study explores the positive and negative impact of Vietnamese cultural factors on HIV transmission, as well as support and care. The study concludes with recommendations for interventions including revising strategy around communication interventions, promoting wider participation in HIV and AIDS prevention and care activities, and improving coordination among agencies and organisations involved in HIV and AIDS interventions and research
"The growth in availability of practical information by which people may manage disability in home and local community, and some problems of transmission and cultural adaptation, are reviewed. There is a growing menace of simplistic globalised packages, promoted by deeply confused 'flying experts', ignoring or dismissing the indigenous concepts, knowledge and skills that are essential to success in disability service innovation"
Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, Vol 14, No 1
This article describes how physical health, psychological well-being and socio-economic reintegration are all important components of a complete recovery for landmine victims
This study aimed to identify cultural issues relevant to HIV and AIDS prevention and care in Mozambique; assess how organisations account for and use cultural resources in their work; assess how socio-cultural factors shape young people's behaviour relative to their sexual health and HIV and AIDS. It involved a literature review, interviews and questionnaires for NGOs and governmental organisations, and a series of case studies, which are documented in the second part of this report
Social statistics are a difficult task when comparing countries that are using different languages and have different social systems. The experience from the European Union shows that there are ways around this problem: but the different countries have to agree first on a conceptual framework, standard instruments and common methods of analysis. The example of the European Union describes a possible use of these tools
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion