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Changing minds, policies and lives : improving protection of children in eastern Europe and central Asia. Redirecting resources to community-based services

FOX, Louise
POSARAC
REICHENBERG, Judita
2003

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After more than a decade of coping with transition challenges in Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the need for the reform of family and child welfare systems has been widely acknowledged. Through Changing minds, policies and lives, UNICEF and the World Bank have teamed up in an effort to developing knowledge and tools for the reform of three essential family welfare system regulators (decision making, standards and financing). This publication provides guidelines for redirecting monetary resources by changing financing flows primarily towards support for families at risk and family-based alternatives. This toolkit is part of a three set collection, the other two focus on standards to ensure family-centered outcomes, and decision making processes to reshape the gate-keeping system

Disability pensions and social security reform : analysis of the Latin American experience

GRUSHKA, Carlos O
DEMARCO, Gustavo
2003

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This paper describes the disability pension arrangements prevailing in ten Latin American countries that reformed their pension systems. The analysis is limited to the topic of disability pensions, without attempting to evaluate other aspects such as accessibility.
Comparisons reveal that a wide variety of options for disability systems are possible. In the following sections general issues in the design of the disability-pension systems are identified

Are you listening : current practice in information, advice and advocacy services for older people

MARGIOTTA, Pat
et al
2003

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This study reports on a critical review of current practice in services designed to provide information, advice and advocacy for older people. The information is derived from a literature search, a search of the websites of local authority and major voluntary organisations, and three focus groups involving older people living in sheltered housing and elsewhere in the community. Examples of good practice are highlighted and some recommendations are made for future action

Forgotten villages : struggling to survive under closure in the West Bank

O'BRIEN, Lee
PICKUP, Francine
September 2002

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This briefing paper describes the humanitarian impact of the Israeli government's policy of closure and restriction in the Occupied Palestinian Territories. Closure policies have undermined or even broken links to markets, services and jobs, leaving rural communities facing impoverishment and unemployment, lack of access to services, a weakened agricultural sector, and increased vulnerability to Israeli settler violence. The recommendations in this paper focus particularly on the social and economic impact of closure on those living in Palestinian villages across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The most urgent of these call for an immediate end to the Government of Israel's policy of closure of Palestinian civilian areas

Identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction : Sri Lanka country study

FOUNDATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
2002

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This country report describes the situation of disabled people in Sri Lanka. It gives an overview about the country, reviews the legislation, describes disability organisations and development agencies and lays out the results of a participatory programme. In addition to this, the report analyses the connections between disability and poverty by reviewing the current programmes and showing the gaps. The recommendations of the report urge to pay special attention to activities in the fields of inclusion, participation, access and quality

Identifying disability issues related to poverty reduction : Philippines country study

FOUNDATION FOR INTERNATIONAL TRAINING
2002

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This country report describes the situation of disabled people in the Philippines. It gives an overview about the country, reviews the legislation, describes disability organisations and development agencies and lays out the results of a participatory programme. In addition to this, the report analyses the connections between disability and poverty by reviewing the current programmes and showing the gaps. The recommendations of the report urge to pay special attention to activities in the fields of inclusion, participation, access and quality

Disabled people in refugee and asylum seeking communities

ROBERTS, Keri
HARRIS, Jennifer
2002

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This study was done to assess the situation of disabled refugees and asylum seekers in the UK, in terms of numbers, country of origin, and their situation regarding access to social and welfare services and housing. Recommendations are made for social care and refugee practitioners in the UK

Orphans and other vulnerable children : what role for social protection?

LEVINE, Anthony
Ed
October 2001

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This report records the proceedings of the conference Orphans and Other Vulnerable Children: What Role for Social Protection? This two-day conference sought to promote awareness of the extent of the orphan and other vulnerable children crisis caused by HIV/AIDS, to provide practitioners with a forum to share best practices and other insights, and to probe the role of social protection in implementing a balanced response

Social security policy options for people with disabilities in South Africa : an international and comparative review

GUTHERIE, Teresa
et al
March 2001

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This paper provides an overview of the social security system for disabled South Africans. It offers a comparative analysis of international public social security systems, identifies the gaps in the literature for further research, and provides recommendations for a more integrated and comprehensive system. This resource would be useful for anyone with an interest in social protection, disability and development

Alleviating poverty and building citizenship in South Africa through social security : what lessons from the UK experience?

VAN NIEKERK,, Robert
et al
2001

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This report consists of briefing papers submitted to the Committee of Inquiry into Social Security Reform in South Africa that addressthe system of social security in South Africa and identifies plausible options for reform. It borrows recommendations from the system of reform occurring in the UK, and where appropriate, also provides other international examples. This work would be useful for anyone with an interest in poverty reduction and welfare reform

Children in Bulgaria : growing impoverishment and unequal opportunities

GANTCHEVA, Roumania
KOLEV, Alexandre
January 2001

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This paper investigates the changes that have occurred over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights - economic well-being, health and education. Then it concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children - those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions. The data show that the human cost of economic transition has been high and children have been among the most vulnerable groups of the society

Chronic poverty and disability

YEO, Rebecca
2001

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This report summarises the interconnections between disability and chronic poverty. After giving general information about different stakeholders, principles and structures, it presents two case studies (from India and Uganda) where action is being taken to mitigate or reduce chronic poverty among disabled people

Disability insurance in a multi-pillar framework

AARTS, Leo
DE JONG, Philippe
1999

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This paper draws attention to the fact that disability insurance needs to broaden its focus and cover more people than just the person with impairment. Many other people, including family members and friends, may have to make practical, financial and psychological adjustments to support the person with impairment.
This paper sees disability insurance as a multidimensional and complex system that should include governmental, private and social insurance aspects

Using a home care agency : a question and answer guide for disabled people

BRACKING, Stuart
COWAN, Ross
1998

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These guidelines, produced by the Gateshead Personal Assistance Pilot Project, provide considerations for disabled people when looking for home care services. Different aspects are mentioned such as how to find an agency, administrative work and staff management.
Although this guide has been written for the situation in the UK, it also gives a more general overview of home care for disabled people

Disability principles

UNION OF THE PHYSICALLY IMPAIRED AGAINST SEGREGATION (UPIAS)
The Disability Alliance
October 1997

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"This booklet contains three documents which relate to the meeting held between the Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation and the Disability Alliance on 22nd November, 1975"
Editor's Note: This unabridged version was electronically scanned and reformatted from the original document by Mark Priestley, in consultation with Vic Finkelstein and Ken Davis

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