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Tackle malaria today : give tomorrow a chance

MEEK, Sylvia
WHITTY, Christopher
et al

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Every year malaria causes up to three million deaths, and if attempts to control the pandemic fail, drug-resistant malaria will spread even further. This report provides key statistics about the disease and makes a case for an effective and internationally coordinated response to the crisis, which should include drugs development, use of insecticide, increased funding, investment in the delivery systems and human resources and the involvement of the private sector

One in two : children are the key to Africa's future


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In many African countries, children make up half of the population, and the cycle of poverty can only end with the full recognition of childrens' rights. The statistics on the state of child welfare, health, and education are shocking: 12.5 million have lost both parents to AIDS, and around 2.2 million are HIV-positive. Half of all children fail to complete primary education. This document urges governments, donors and multilateral agencies to work towards: free HIV/AIDS health services, free education, economic justice for Africa's children, food security for children, the end of children's involvement in war and transparency to tackle corruption

Orphans and the impact of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa


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In Africa 11 million children have become orphans as a result of AIDS, and the data for sub-Saharan Africa is expected to worsen dramatically over the next few years. This article assesses the implications of increased child vulnerability in terms of care needs, education, survival, and, crucially, nutrition and food security. It suggests that these are vital aspects of children's development and even more importantly they are interconnected: children's nutrition status, for example, affects their cognitive and emotional development and this in turn impacts on their health status. The article calls for a combined development-humanitarian response, capable of responding to the immediate basic needs of orphans but also designed to help recover long-lasting capability and community and family coping mechanisms

17 fact sheets on gender-related aspects of HIV/AIDS | Resource pack on gender and HIV/AIDS

UNAIDS Inter-Agency Task Team on Gender and HIV/AIDS

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These fact sheets aim to provide policy makers with concise information about gender related aspects of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. They deal with core facts and issues in thematic areas and are underpinned by an analysis which clarifies how gender issues are fuelling the crisis. Each theme presents a self-contained set of issues and recommendations and many of the themes are interlinked. All of them are connected by a concern to promote a gender-enlightened and comprehensive response to HIV/AIDS and its impacts

Sight and life

January 2003

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This is a CD-ROM version of the Sight and Life website, a task force established and financed by Roche to combat nutritional blindness. The CD-ROM (and website) include several books by Sight and Life in PDF format, including their manual and guidebook, as well as various materials on food fortification, a slide set, video, and downloadable Vitamin A intake calculator

Health : an ecosystem approach


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Can people remain healthy in a world that is sick? Many ecological disasters can be directly traced to careless exploitation of the environment, with human beings as first perpetrator and then victim. Our health closely mirrors the health of our surroundings: this is the basis of the Ecohealth approach. It recognizes the links between humans and their biophysical, social, and economic environments, and that these links are reflected in the population's state of health. This is a new area of research, requiring input from scientists, community and interest groups, and decision-makers. This book describes this new approach, providing lessons and recommendations from various IDRC-supported research activities. It demonstrates how decision-makers, in particular, can use the ecohealth approach to formulate policies and solutions that are both immediately visible and sustainable over the long term

Making a difference : indicators to improve children's environmental health. Summary


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Study commissioned to develop a set of indicators on children's environmental health with the purpose of providing a basis for assessing environmental risks to children's health; acting as a basis for monitoring and evaluating the effectiveness of national and international initiatives; and providing a template for developing other indicators according to need. This summary provides an introduction to the indicators, outlines the principles and concepts behind the choice, presents simplified models of each issue highlighting the factors of key concern, and lists the core indicators that should be developed in each case

Diet, nutrition and the prevention of chronic diseases : report of a joint WHO/FAO expert consultation


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This consultation followed up the work of a WHO study group on diet, nutrition and prevention of non-communicable diseases, which met in 1989 to make recommendations regarding the prevention of chronic diseases and the reduction of their impact. The consultation recognised that the growing epidemic of chronic disease, afflicting both developed and developing countries, relates to dietary and lifestyle changes. This document reviews the considerable scientific progress that has been made in different chronic non-communicable diseases including obesity, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, hypertension and stroke, and some types of cancer

Implementing the Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding : Geneva 3-5 February 2003, meeting report


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This is the report of a meeting which aimed to facilitate the implementation of the Global Strategy and to assist governments in translating global recommendations into country-specific actions. The meeting, held in Geneva in February 2003, was attended by more than 45 participants representing governments, nongovernmental organisations, academic institutions and international organisations

Meeting the HIV/AIDS challenge to food secutiry : the role of labour saving technologies in farm-households

December 2002

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The paper focuses on the various types and levels of constraints faced by farm-households as a production and reproduction system within a farming system. These constraints include time and energy limitations created by HIV/AIDS provoked shortages. The paper highlights the contributions various labour saving technologies (LSTs) could provide while also stressing the conditions, including gender ones, which have to be met in order to introduce LSTs successfully. LSTs are a partial solution to HIV/AIDS problems, but also represent a challenge to the way agriculture is practiced and to common policies in both agriculture and HIV/AIDS. The focus on LSTs is a fertile field for cooperation between sectors, between public and private institutions, North-South and South-South

South African health review 2001

March 2002

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This is a comprehensive, authoritative and independent review of the South African health system. It is published annually and this year's edition is is made up of 17 chapters grouped into four themes: listening to voices, equity, information for health, accountability and transformation. The review acts as a barometer for assessing the transformation processes and their impact on provision of equitable health care to all in South Africa

Environmental health in emergencies and disasters : a practical guide


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This publication distills what is known about environmental health during an emergency or disaster. It is intended for practitioners as well as for policy makers and researchers, and covers both general and tecnical aspects of environmental health. Part 1 presents a conceptual framework for understanding environmental health issues in the context of disaster management. Part 2 pulls togetther a series of best pratices and stategies for risk reduction in a number of fields

Feeding and nutrition of infants and young children : guidelines for the WHO European Region, with emphasis on the former Soviet countries

MICHAELSEN, Kim Fleischer

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This publication contains the scientific rationale for the development of national nutrition and feeding recommendations from birth to the age of three years, and provides information that will help national experts to develop or update their current national feeding recommendations. It will also interest ministries of health, paediatricians, dieticians, nutrition scientists and public health and other health professionals concerned with nutrition and the health of young children