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Mental health and psychosocial support in humanitarian emergencies : what should humanitarian health actors know


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"This document is for humanitarian health actors working at national and sub-national level in countries facing emergencies and crises. It applies to Health Cluster partners, including governmental and non-governmental health service providers. Based on the IASC Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings (IASC, 2007), this document gives an overview of essential knowledge that humanitarian health actors should have about mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in humanitarian emergencies"

Briefing for the day of the African child : reaching Millennium Development Goal 4 : what progress has Africa made and what more needs to be done?

HARTILL, Richard G
June 2009

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This briefing document reviews examples of the progress that Africa has made in reaching the Accelerated Action Towards Africa Fit for Children 2008 - 2012 as adopted by the African Union and Member States in the agreed actions related to Enhancing Life Chances and Child Survival and looks at what more needs to be done. The commitment, "Enhancing Life Chances", entails strengthening health systems to provide quality maternal and child health services; scaling up essential interventions to reduce maternal morbidity and mortality and reduce neonatal mortality; scaling up a minimum package of proven child health interventions; and supporting family and community based actions that enhance children’s health, nutrition and well-being including potable water, improved sanitation and hygiene, appropriate young child feeding practices and food security measures

Managing the health effects of climate change

et al
May 2009

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This report, produced by the Lancet and University College London Institute for Global Health Commission, focuses on managing the health effects of climate change. It says that climate change is the biggest global-health threat of the 21st century. The commission reviewed the likely health impacts of climate change on human societies - and documented ways to reverse those impacts. It concluded that there is a need for policymakers, practitioners and the public to act urgently on the human health effects of climate change

Policy brief : HIV, food security and nutrition : expanded version

May 2008

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This policy brief focuses on the interrelationship between food security, nutrition and HIV, and highlights the actions that governments, civil society and international partners can take to promote food security and nutrition in the context of the AIDS epidemic

Local voices : a community perspective on HIV and hunger in Zambia

DUCK, Natalie

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This report documents the findings of a six month qualitative research project that provided HIV orphans, vulnerable children and their carers, living in the Kitwe district in Zambia, with the opportunity to discuss and document the difficulties they face providing food, water and healthcare for their families. The report shows the direct impact of HIV & AIDS on the economic and social well being of both household and communities

Harmonized training package


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This training package relates to nutrition in emergencies. The materials cover a broad range of subject areas concerned with nutrition in emergencies, in order to meet the differing needs of governments and international agencies in different contexts. Each module comprises four sections: i) briefing paper for senior decision makers; ii) technical notes for practitioners; iii) trainers' guide; and iv) reference material/sources. Contents: Module 1: Introduction to nutrition in emergencies Module 2: Agency mandates and coordination mechanisms Module 3: Understanding malnutrition Module 4: Micronutrient malnutrition Module 5: Causes of malnutrition Module 6: Measuring malnutrition: individual assessment Module 7: Measuring malnutrition: population assessment Module 8: Health assessment and the link with malnutrition Module 9: Food security assessment and the link to nutrition Module 10: Nutrition information and surveillance systems Module 11: General food distribution Module 12: Supplementary feeding Module 13: Therapeutic feeding Module 14: Micronutrient interventions Module 15: Health interventions Module 16: Livelihood interventions Module 17: Infant and young child feeding Module 18: HIV & AIDS nutrition Module 19: Nutrition information, education and communication Module 20: Monitoring and evaluation Module 21: Standards and accountability

Transcending boundaries to improve the food security of HIV-affected households in rural Uganda : a case study

COON, Katharine
et al
July 2007

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This report provides a case study of a process to bring key technical sectors together with communities in a partnership for reducing food insecurity among HIV-affected households in Tororo, Uganda. Food security is the ability of individuals to consume sufficient quantity and quality of food to meet their daily needs. Food security depends on the availability of food, physical and economic access to it, and the physiological utilisation of nutrients. The case study is based on project documents and qualitative interviews and focus group discussions conducted with participants in the Partners for Food Security PAFOSE project

Helping a forgotten minority : disability and HIV/AIDS in Zambia

June 2007

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This article and case study demonstrate work being done in Zambia to ensure that the needs of people with disabilities are met by HIV and AIDS services, so that they have full access to the treatment, care and support available. Provisions include sign language training for HIV and AIDS counsellors, making mobility aids and hearing aids available to those who need them, as well as improving food security and encouraging a sustainable livelihoods approach. This would be of interest to anyone looking at mainstreaming disability in the provision of HIV and AIDS services

ICDS and nutrition in the eleventh five year plan (2007-2012)


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This report gives the background to the Integrated child development services (ICDS) initiative, which takes a holistic approach to child nutrition, health and development and sees the first three years of life as crucial, before going on to explain the expansion in this 11th five-year plan in order to accelerate implementation for achieving the core objectives of the programme, especially to reduce the child malnutrition and help reduction in mortality rates. The plan seeks to address the challenges of issues such as the prevention and management of malnutrition, poor maternal and adolescent nutrition, gender discrimination, lack of nutrition and health education, and inadequate community participation in the programme

Nutritional anaemia


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This is guide offers a comprehensive summary of the critical issues from prevalence data and statistics, to economics, through to the diagnosis, funcational consequences and background information on each of the micronutrients believed to be directly or indirectly invovled in anaemia

FAO working in support of persons with disabilities

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
August 2006

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The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the key linkages between poverty, disability, nutrition and agricultural production. The paper also reports on some of the FAO's work on disability and disability rights and highlights 5 FAO projects / pilot models - ranging from mushroom production to blacksmithing - that target rural people living with disabilities. It would be useful for anyone with an interest in mainstreaming disability in development policy and practice

Understanding the links between agriculture and health

HAWKES, Corinna
RUEL, Marie T
May 2006

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This is a collection of briefs on the relationship between agricultural systems and outputs and health. Provides a conceptual framework of the linkage between agriculture and health and looks in some detail at some key aspects, including food safety, agricultural technology, nutrition, foodbourne diseases, malaria and water-associated diseases, HIV and AIDS, occupational health hazards, livestock, fisheries, agroforestry, agrobiodiversity, urban agriculture, sustainability, policymaking and synergies between agriculture and health

Insecticide resistance and malaria control : current trends in research

April 2006

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This article outlines current trends in malaria research. Recent research studies, here briefly reviewed, have focused on the molecular scale of resistance in Anopheles, geographical scale of resistance in Africa, impact of insecticide-treated nets (ITN) in host-seeking vectors, implications of resistance for malaria control, pyrethroids and alternative insecticides, and on new initiatives to fast track the development of improved insecticides

Fuel for life : household energy and health


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This document draws attention to the impact on public health of household energy practices, and of the use of traditional fuels such as wood, dung and coal. Section 1 looks in some detail at household energy, indoor pollution and health. Section 2 considers the implications of the Millennium Development Goals for household energy, focusing on women and children. Section 3 suggests alternative ways forward, supporting the use of clean fuel, greater investments in household energy and the designing of effective energy programmes

Dried up, drowned out : voices from the developing world on a changing climate

ROACH, Rachel
June 2005

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This is a report on the impact of climate change on the lives of poor communities in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Changes in weather patterns are having a devastating effect on human health, as they produce food insecurity and water shortages. The report urges the international community to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, help developing countries to adapt to the effects of climate change and address issues of injustice, namely corruption and unfair distribution of resources

Integrating food and nutrition into HIV and AIDS strategies


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This is a slide presentation which considers the role of food and nutrition in the context of HIV and AIDS. It notes the vicious cycle of malnutrition, HIV and poverty and the effects of HIV and AIDS on nutrition, household food security and food production. HIV and AIDS also have an impact on the agricultural sector and examples are shown from Kenya, Zambia and Malawi. Increased malnutrition can lead to adults needing more access to quality health care but not getting it, increased caring for sick adults means less time for childcare, and children drop out of school to help with household labour. Finally, UNICEF support to nutrition and HIV and AIDS is shown along with their current operational approach. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Food Program (WFP) approach is also considered

Looking with a disability lens at the disaster caused by the tsunami in South East Asia

OOSTERS, Barbara

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Disabled people are likely to feel the negative impact of a crisis more than other citizens. Their ability to cope and survive may be completely dependent on others, and the capacity of any family to support its disabled members is keenly tested. Anecdotal evidence from acute emergencies suggests that disabled people suffer particularly high rates of mortality and morbidity. In addition to those who were disabled before the onset of the crisis, many more become disabled

Global health watch 2005-2006 : an alternative world health report

LEMA, Claudia
et al

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This report is the result of a collaboration of leading popular movements, NGOs, activists, academics and health workers. It provides an evidence-based analysis of the political economy of health and health care and challenges policies and initiatives of global organisations including the World Bank, the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Many key issues relevant to health are covered, including health care services and systems, health of vulnerable groups, climate change, food and water, education, armed conflicts. Part E also provides and assessment of the impact global institutions, transnational corporations and rich countries. This report is a call for action, directed to health workers and activists and national and international policy-makers