This resource investigates disability and social change in South Africa. Specifically, it asserts that the biggest barrier to the full participation of disabled people in South African society is discrimination. In line with the social model of disability, this work further claims that societal attitudes hinder access to safe, accessible and affordable transport, employment and HIV and AIDS programmes
This 'issue brief' describes the proliferation of electronically communicated information, which has accelerated economic and social change across all areas of human activity worldwide. It observes that the rapid growth of ICTs in developing countries is partly a result of very low initial access, and therefore in absolute terms developing countries are still well behind the developed world in access to ICTs. It concludes that ICTs offer an opportunity for development, but not a panacea. For the potential benefits of ICTs to be realized in developing countries, many prerequisites need to be put in place: prompt deregulation, effective competition among service providers, free movement and adoption of technologies, targeted and competitive subsidies to reduce the access gap, and institutional arrangements to increase the use of ICTs in the provision of public goods. The paper advocates for the importance of all three "Cs": connectivity, capability to use the new tools, and relevant content provided in accessible and useful forms
Social policy is often characterised by legislation and administration hindering people who depend on it to benefit from it. This paper suggests we recognise the right of disabled people to have the power of decision. The concept of direct payments can help to provide better quality services which are person-centred and which help to eliminate monopolies in the field of social work
This case study documents a successful model for facilitating a strong community response to HIV and AIDS. The Salvation Army Change Programme in Ndola and Choma Districts in Zambia illustrates the facilitation process stimulating an appropriate local response to HIV and AIDS and essential component of human capacity development. The model builds on local strengths and resources, stimulating ordinary people to address the barriers that prevent them from using HIV and AIDS information and services to prevent new infections, compassionately care for those who are infected and mitigate the effects of the epidemic on families and the community. Only by addressing personal risk, stigma and the potential for personal and societal change will the demand for and use of voluntary counselling and testing, prevention of mother to child transmission and antiretroviral therapy services increase
"This booklet, a companion to the publication ‘Working from Within’, colorfully presents 24 tips, one per page, for culturally sensitive programming, based on research carried out by UNFPA"
This research report argues that analysis of the Internet focuses too much on technology and on overcoming a "digital divide" in access to the Internet. The report looks at examples of how people in international civil society organisations have used e-mail, websites and databases to help them collaborate, publish information, mobilise people in their networks, and access information for research. The report does not cover local or national civil society organisations
Discusses the tension and synergy of culture and participatory development through examples of theatre for development experiences in Mali and Namibia. The author describes performances and processes for setting up performance activities in villages, some of which had their own forms of narrative drama, and others which developed these with external support. The article discusses the implications of importing and imposing cultural forms to achieve project goals, and contrasts this with the ethos of theatre for development, which seeks to engage community members in a dialogue with development workers in order to foster participation in and ownership of development activities
This international resource pack is for practitioners, and pulls together practical ideas and experiences from people who have used the Reflect approach around the world. It includes sections on the 'written word', 'numbers', 'spoken word', and 'images'. Explains how techniques such as drama or citizen's juries could be deployed to explore and convey issues relevant to development
This workshop report summarises presentations and discussion addressing issues such as: how can the learning and social/organisational change function of evaluation best be balanced with the control/accountability function? How can what we learn feed debate and change processes within organisations, among partners and in society at large? What linkages exist between the different levels? How can evidence from evaluations help spur national debate on policy options for development and motivate home-grown change processes?
This book has been written as a tool for people involved or interested in communication and natural resource management who seek a better understanding of how different theories and strategic change principles relate to actual practise. It relates a variety of theories and change principles in simplified, almost schematic form, to a series of real initiatives in the field through interactive 'experiences'. Each 'experience' is organised around a theme, a learning objective, a description of an actual natural resource management and communication initiative, and one or two theoretical lenses through which to analyse the initiative. The idea is not to 'discover' the right approach but rather to create an interactive space that enables you to reflect on what might work in your own context and also on how different contexts may require different approaches, principles and theoretical frameworks. People working in development fields other than natural resource management will also find this book very useful
This report outlines the possible effects of direct payment schemes for disabled people. Direct payments essentially involve relevant statutory agencies giving cash to people with disabilities to purchase their own support services directly. They are designed to offer individuals with a disability significant choice and control over the type of service wanted and/or needed and so to enhance independence and autonomy. Direct payments primarily relate to the delivery of community care services, but employment supports and housing grants are also relevant and suitable to a direct payments system. The concept of direct payments developed against a background of creative tension between the medical and the social models of disability
The purpose of this workshop was to: map out strategies for implementation of communication programmes for behaviour and social change; strengthen links between communication programmes and priority issues in HIV and AIDS in developing countries; and increase technical soundness in communication programmes, projects and strategies of organisations working on HIV and AIDS prevention, care and treatment. Several recommendations about the role of communication for behaviour and social change in HIV and AIDS programmes emerged from the workshop’s deliberations
A wide range of international case studies of grass-roots projects involved in communication for social change. Covers radio, theatre, video and the Internet and the participatory approaches they are employed in. Each case study gives a succinct overview which includes history, background, description of the media, outcomes and constraints
This paper investigates the changes that have occurred over the last decade in three dimensions of child welfare recognised as fundamental child rights - economic well-being, health and education. Then it concentrates on particularly vulnerable groups of children - those born of teenage and single mothers and those living in institutions. The data show that the human cost of economic transition has been high and children have been among the most vulnerable groups of the society
This is an evaluation of the fourth series of Soul City, a mass media health promotion intervention which uses television, radio and print media. The fourth series includes a partnership with National Network on Violence Against Women (NNVAW) to extend the advocacy, community action and support components of the programme. The evaluation of the fourth series is wide-reaching and complex, consisting of a number of linked studies, and is among the largest of its kind in the field of health communication worldwide. The Soul City 4 evaluation comprehensively and systematically investigated and documented the impact of Soul City 4 at a number of levels; data consistently and strongly supported the conclusion that Soul City 4 had led to social and behavioural changes. It had also contributed to people maintaining positive behaviour when it already existed
Discusses how Danida addresses communication issues, in particular, communication for social change; and outlines the challenges and gaps in evaluating communications for social change
Socio-cultural factors exert influence on all psychiatric disorders. This paper describes schizophrenia from a trans-cultural psychiatric perspective. It examined cultural factors in schizophrenia psychoses, social change and psychopathology, culture-bound syndromes and 'biopsychological universalism versus cultural relativism'
Disability is not just a medical condition but a complex system of social restrictions emanating from discrimination. The lives of disabled people are made difficult not so much by their specific impairments, as by the way society interprets and reacts to disability
This manual and video is a useful guide for anyone new to using a motion camera. It covers dealing with light, sound, and movement, and techniques such as panning, tilting, and zooming. More advanced concepts are introduced, such as composition, direction, and safety precautions, including how to use the camera without attracting unwanted attention
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion