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Disability and disasters : the importance of an inclusive approach to vulnerability and social capital

SMITH, Fred
JOLLEY, Emma
SCHMIDT, Elena
October 2012

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"This paper outlines the importance of applying a structural approach to vulnerability to disasters and presents evidence on the relationship between disability and disaster-related risks in low and middle income countries"
Note: Accepted under the "Addressing Inequalities" Global Thematic Consultation - Call for Proposals for Background Papers, Oct 2012

Young people and social capital

BOECK, Thilo
FLEMING, Jennie
KEMSHALL, Hazel
June 2006

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This brief paper explores the concept of social capital and its bearing on young people's lives. In particular it distinguishes between a static social capital (strong/static networks, immediate reciprocity, restricted sense of belonging and outlook in life) and dynamic social capital (diverse networks, generalised reciprocity and diverse outlook). It suggests that young people should be encouraged to embrace an enhanced version of dynamic social capital, and should be offered opportunities to do so. An enhanced dynamic social capital would enable them to cope with risks rather that avoid them, and would give them access to more power and opportunities

Social capital and transnational South Asian families : rituals, care and provision

MAND, Kanwal
March 2006

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This paper looks at social capital in the context of migration. It challenges the view that critical processes of social changes such as migration undermine and weaken social capital assets. It shows how transnational networks are strengthened and maintained, and social norms enhanced and replicated as a coping strategy in times of social changes. The paper focuses in particular on family ties, ethnicity, gender, household, care and provision. Some of the conclusions may be applied to other contexts, such as emergency situations, conflict situations and contexts of particular hardship

Social capital and health : does egalitariansim matter? A literature review

ISLAM, M Kamrul
et al
2006

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This literature review provides an overview of the notion and practice of social capital and its impact on health. The study found significant relationships between health and social capital, irrespective of a country's degree of egalitarianism. However, in egalitarian countries, contextual social capital seems less relevant in explaining health differences across places

Maternal social capital and child wellbeing in comparative perspective

HARPHAM, Trudy
et al
2006

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This working paper looks at how social capital may help mothers to know, think, do and feel more or differently, and how this, as a result, could impact positively on children's welfare. Young Lives have been involved in a cross-country review and measurement of social capital manifestations and this paper draws on some of the findings, reviewing current debates, describing YL's methodology and providing a comparative analysis of social capital in relation to various aspects of child wellbeing, including nutritional status, health performance and educational attainments

Maternal social capital and child health in Vietnam

TUAN, Tran
et al
2005

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In Vietnam there is growing concern about the potential social impact of rapid economic changes. The extent and type of social connectedness, or social capital, may be changing...The Young Lives project in Vietnam allows the examination of the relationship between maternal social capital and child well-being. With a sample of 1,953 mothers of one-year-olds and 954 mothers of eight-year-olds across five provinces, this study examines whether maternal social capital is associated with child health

Social capital and education outcomes in urban and rural Peru

et al
2005

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Although enrolment in primary schools in Peru is very high, more than half of primary school children are one or more grades below the norm for their age. Furthermore, evaluations have shown that, when tested, Peruvian school children score well below the norms expected for their age. Their scores are also below the average levels of countries with similar socio-economic circumstances...This study investigates whether social capital is associated with educational progress and achievement

The interaction of public assets, private assets and community characteristics and its effect on early childhood height-for-age in Peru

ESCOBAL, Javier
et al
2005

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"Child health in general and long-term nutritional status in particular are related to family characteristics and assets (including maternal education) and community characteristics (including access to public services), as well as to child-specific characteristics...This paper particularly explores how mothers' education interacts with access to clean water and sewerage, availability and quality of health facilities, proximity to paved or engineered roads, and access to electricity"

Child labour, gender inequality and rural/urban disparities : how can Ethiopia’s national development strategies be revised to address negative spill-over impacts on child education and wellbeing?

WOLDEHANNA, Tassew
et al
2005

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This paper is based on a study which sought to understand the impact on child labour and child schooling of public policy interventions formulated within the Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSP), and how changes are mediated through gender and rural/urban differences

Education choices in Ethiopia : what determines whether poor households send their children to school?

WOLDEHANNA, Tassew
et al
2005

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This paper attempts to establish a link between micro-level outcomes and macro-level policy initiatives with respect to eight-year-old children’s primary school enrolment in Ethiopia. The paper uses data from a 2002 survey of 1000 rural and urban households with eight-year-old children sampled from food insecure communities in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, SNNP and Addis Ababa Regional States

AIDS and the family : policy options for a crisis in family capital

BELSEY, Mark A
2005

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This document highlights the role of family members in the care and support of peole living with HIV and addresses the issues and challenges of HIV and AIDS from a family perspective. There is information about HIV and AIDS and how the disease impacts family situations, focusing upon case studies in Sub-Saharan African countries. This report would be useful for people interested in the impact of HIV and AIDS on family members

Meeting report on the development of guidelines for community based rehabilitation (CBR) programmes

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
2005

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This report discusses the links between poverty and disability, and community based rehabilitation (CBR). CBR is a strategy for socio-economic development and it is essentially about human rights. The key principles of CBR are poverty alleviation, education, health and rehabilitation and enabling people with disabilities to participate in the whole range of human activities. The report presents a CBR draft framework, a step-by-step practical guideline for CBR programme implementers. The meeting also identified steps to be taken to develop CBR guidelines

Social capital and children's wellbeing : a critical synthesis of the international social capital literature

FERGUSON, Kristin M
October 2004

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This literature review looks at main international studies on social capital and children's and youth's wellbeing, presents a critical analysis of the concept and discusses its relevance as a reliable predictor of positive future outcomes for children and young people. It outlines both family social capital indicators - including family structure, quality of parent-child relations, adult's interest in the child, parent's monitoring of the child and extended family exchange and support - and community social capital indicators - which comprise social support networks, civic engagement in local institutions, trust and safety, degree of religiosity, quality of school and quality of neighbourhood. The article calls for further empirical scrutiny of social capital predictors, while accepting that the impact of social capital on children's future attainments is second only to poverty

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