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Disability in national strategic plans on HIV and AIDS : a review on the national response to the interrelations of disability and HIV in eastern and southern Africa|Final report

GRANT, Kitty
STRODE, Ann
HANNASS-HANCOCK, Jill
December 2009

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This report examines national AIDS and HIV strategic plans (NSPs) in eastern and southern Africa and includes findings, discussions and best practice examples on the integration of disability throughout the countries. "Generally, the findings of the report show that less than 50% of the countries in Eastern and Southern Africa recognise disability as an issue of concern, or specifically recognise the vulnerability of people with disabilities to HIV and AIDS within their NSPs. Furthermore, it found that even where countries have recognised disability as an issue, there is limited specific guidance within the NSP on HIV-related service provision to meet the needs of people with disabilities. Only one country, South Africa, showed extensive integration of disability into the various focus areas of its NSP." The report concludes with recommendations and provides detailed appendices of national reports for each country surveyed

South African national HIV prevalence, incidence, behavior and communication survey 2008 : turning a tide among teenagers ?

SHISANA, O
et al
2009

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"South Africa has the largest burden of HIV/AIDS and is currently implementing the largest antiretroviral treatment (ART) programme in the world. It is therefore fitting that South Africa is the first in the world to conduct three repeated national HIV population-based surveys to help monitor our response as a nation to the HIV/AIDS epidemic. This report is the third in a time series of population-based HIV seroprevalence surveys which started in 2002 and were repeated in 2005 and again in 2008"

Conducting a participatory situation analysis of orphans and vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS : guidelines and tools | A framework and resource guide

FAMILY HEALTH INTERNATIONAL (FHI)
April 2005

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This framework and resource guide is intended to help people involved in programs assisting orphans and vulnerable children conduct a situation analysis. It serves as a tool for collecting and synthesising in-country and sub-national information. Examples of situation analyses and related research are provided throughout the document to draw upon the variety of approaches, and their components, that communities and institutions have undertaken to assess their particular situation

Conducting a situation analysis of orphans and vulnerable children affected by HIV/AIDS : a framework and resource guide

WILLIAMSON, John
COX, Adrienne
JOHNSTON, Beverly
February 2004

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This document moves towards a standard framework to help people involved in programmes conduct a situation analysis concerning orphans and vulnerable children (OVCs) in the context of HIV/AIDS. It includes the process of planning the situation analysis, defining its purpose, goals and objectives. It provides advice on methods to gather data and frameworks for assessing health, education and economic impacts of HIV/AIDS on OVCs. Analysis, reporting and communication of the information found is discussed

Early childhood development HIV/AIDS Malawi

MALAWI COUNTRY TEAM
2004

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This PowerPoint presentation demonstrates the general context of HIV/AIDS prevalence and impact in Malawi on children aged 0-14. 1.2% of children aged 0-14 are infected with HIV. HIV prevalence in child bearing women however is 16-30%. The presentation goes on to show the situation of orphans in the country, and notes that 17.5% of all children are orphans with 24% of orphans being under 5. Around half are orphaned due to AIDS. The situation of ECD services in Malawi is presented (just 26% of people have access to ECD services). Key policies and legislative frameworks are documented along with stakeholders. Best practices are covered as well as challenges, gaps and opportunities that are evident

Double burden : a situation analysis of HIV/AIDS and young people with disabilities in Rwanda and Uganda

YOUSAFZAI, Aisha
EDWARDS, Karen
2004

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This analysis was carried out by Save the Children UK after reports from the field suggested that disabled people were not accessing HIV prevention information or services, despite being at higher risk of infection. It outlines ways in which disabled people are not fully included in safer-sex communications: for instance blind people hear talk about condoms, but have never held one; the necessity to have a sign-language interpreter for deaf people compromises their right to confidentiality; young girls with disabilities are more likely to be raped and are less able to negotiate safe sex. It recommends the greater integration of disabled people into health and HIV communications and further research to develop disabled-friendly means of communication

Orphans and vulnerable children technical consultation : presentations and materials for OVC consultation

UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT (USAID)
2003

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This web page of a technical consultation on orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) contains a variety of presentations of the situation of OVC, the impact of HIV/AIDS global strategies of action and some presentations of case studies from different countries such as Cambodia and Malawi. Some also look at clinical and community care and include ethical considerations

AIDS in China : an annotated chronology 1985-2003

SETTLE, Edmund
2003

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This publication compiles Chinese and international open source information since China's first reported AIDS case in 1985. The objective of the report is to increase overall awareness and provide a historical foundation to China's HIV crisis among policy makers, international organisations, professional stakeholders and the general population

Handbook for strategy and policy building

UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANISATION (UNESCO). Division of Cultural Policies and Intercultural Dialogue
2001

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One of four handbooks derived from the country assessments carried out under UNESCO's 'Cultural approach to HIV/AIDS prevention and care' programme. This handbook presents methods for building culturally-appropriate strategies and policies. It first describes current approaches, and then methods for building a culturally-appropriate response. It details action priorities around communication, prevention education, community-based responses, mobilisation of institutional networks and civil society, and capacity building and sensitisation

Children affected by HIV/AIDS : appraisal of needs and resources in Cambodia. Summary report

KHMER HIV/AIDS NGO ALLIANCE (KHANA)
May 2000

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This report presents the findings of an appraisal carried out to determine vulnerability/resilience factors for children, explore how HIV/AIDS-related life events impact on these factors; identify the range of needs specific to children affected by AIDS; and to identify existing resources and potential strategies for meeting these needs. A secondary aim was to build the capacity of local NGO staff in participatory appraisal facilitation. The report also looks at lessons learned from other countries, and highlights steps that need to be taken

HIV/AIDS and STD : strategic plan for South Africa 2000-2005

MINISTRY OF HEALTH
2000

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This document is a broad national strategic plan designed to guide South Africa's response to the HIV/AIDS and STI epidemic. It presents goals for each of the 4 priority areas - prevention; treatment, care and support; research, monitoring and surveillance; and human rights

Orphan programming in Zambia : developing a strategy for very young children in Zambia

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
July 1998

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This is a report of an assessment of UNICEF's programming in Zambia for children in general and those affected by HIV/AIDS. The assessment follows the release of the report "Children on the Brink", which was a wake up call to the international development community. The report discusses current programmes and opportunities for expanded programming with government personnel, NGOs, business and private sector associations, other UN agencies and bilateral donors operating in Zambia. It also extensively reviews literature and documentation

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