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The grace of motherhood: disabled women contending with societal denial of intimacy, pregnancy, and motherhood in Ethiopia

TEFERA, Balaynesh
et al
September 2017

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Ethiopian disabled women’s experiences of intimacy, pregnancy and motherhood are reported. Qualitative, in-depth, and semi-structured interviews along with personal observations were used to explore the full experiences of participants. Interview data revealed that mothers experienced significant challenges with regard to accessibility of health centers, physician’s lack of knowledge about and problematic attitudes toward them and more general societal prejudices towards individuals with disability. The 13 participants were employed women with physical or visual disabilities, and the interviewees were from the Addis Ababa metropolitan area, Ethiopia.

 

Disability & Society, 32:10, 1510-1533

DOI: 10.1080/09687599.2017.1361385

The sexual heath needs of young people with learning disabilities

FRASER, Shirley
SIM, Judith
2007

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This briefing paper summarises the key findings from an evidence review on the sexual health and wellbeing of young people with learning disabilities. The review assimilates various forms of evidence, including the voices of young people themselves and emerging findings from practice. It also identifies a number of potential future actions that will help ensure that sexual health services and sex and relationships education are better able to meet the needs of young people with learning disabilities, as well as those of their parents and the professionals that support them

Susan's sex support site

February 2005

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This website offers a number of online resources about disability and sexuality. Topics include gay and lesbian sexuality, aging and sexuality, sexuality and disabled adolescents, and more. The site also contains references to other resources and an online forum

Abstinence and delayed sexual initiation

RULAND, Claudia Daileader
September 2003

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Promoting abstinence is an important strategy that can help delay sexual activity, but complementary messages are needed for those who are sexually active. Policy-makers and adults can contribute to delaying early sexual debut in youth by making the reduction of coercive sex a priority. Abstinence messages need to be an integral part of HIV/STI/pregnancy prevention programmes worldwide. However, not all youth are sexually abstinent and a comprehensive approach is needed, with education about using condoms for protection against unwanted pregnancy and HIV/STIs, as well as reducing the number of sexual partners

Cross-generational and transactional sexual relations in sub-Saharan Africa : prevalance of behaviour and implications for negotiating safer sexual practices

LUKE, Nancy
KURZ, Kathleen
September 2002

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This paper is a literature and evidence survey of cross-generational and transactional sex in Africa. It examines the age and economic asymmetries in sexual relationships in an African context, prevalence of cross-generational and transactional sexual relationships, adolescent girls' and men's motivations and adolescent girls' negotiating power in relationships. It comes to the conclusion that adolescent girls have power when negotiating the start and end of relationships and they are strongly motivated to enter into cross-generational relationships for the material benefits and status that they bring. However, once they have entered the relaltionship the balance of power shifts to the man, especially in the context of gift-giving.
The paper also examines the evidence around cultural acceptance of cross-generational and transactional sexual relationships, violence and rape within the relationships, multiple relationships, and outcome of the relationships. The authors' recommendations are to: gather policy support for changing the social norm; mount programmatic responses; conduct research to investigate the success of programmatic responses, document the policy process, and fill other important information gaps

Preventing HIV/AIDS and promoting sexual health among especially vulnerable young people

SHAW, Cathy
AGGLETON, Peter
July 2002

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This good practice guide introduces practitioners, policy-makers and researchers to two distinct but related concepts - risk and vulnerability. The guide explores how gender, race, culture, sexuality and social status all influence young people's experiences of sexual relationships and makes some more vulnerable to poor sexual health. Using case studies from Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe, this resource sets out guidelines to inform work with especially vulnerable young people (including young people who sell sex, young people who inject drugs, and young migrants and refugees)

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS : looking beyond awareness

WILKINS, Marissa
VASANI, Dolar
2002

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The social and environmental circumstances that lead vulnerable people to have unprotected sex, exposing them to infections, have to be resolved through addressing the causes of poverty, gender discrimination, and the use of sex as a commodity. This book addresses the impact of HIV without prejudice, by taking a human rights stance. It is useful for trainers, programme planners, policy-makers and CBR programmes

Learning from what young people say... about sex, relationships and health

WARWICK, Ian
AGGLETON, Peter
December 2001

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Finding out what young people think helps to ensure that programmes and policies are more likely to meet their needs. The guide (developed to sit alongside the Dynamic Contextual Analysis resource) aims to support policy makers, programme planners and practitioners to find out more about young people's ideas, beliefs and feelings about sex, relationships and health. This toolkit sets out how to involve young people and other partners in this process, suggests ways to collect information, analyse it, and present it in a way that is likely to influence programmes and policy

Promotion of sexual health : recommendations for action

PAN AMERICAN HEALTH ORGANIZATION (PAHO)
2000

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Establishes definitions of terms such as 'sex' and 'sexuality', and discusses basic concepts, concerns and problems related to promoting sexual health. Presents and discusses five basic goals, or broad recommendations for action, to advance the sexual health of people in the Americas.

HIV/AIDS and disability : building partnerships

AIDS and Disability Action Project
1996

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A list of sources which can be ordered on various issues in sexuality for people with disabilities. The issues are Northern focused but the central themes can be translated to the South. Sample leaflets are enclosed

Talking about sex and disability

JACKSON, Helen
1996

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The aim of this joint issue of AIDS Action and CBR News is to raise awareness of disabled people's sexual health needs and to explore how social attitudes to both disability and HIV make people less able to live productive and fulfilled lives. Many disabled people and people with HIV now have much experience of challenging this discrimination. Being disabled can make a person more vulnerable to HIV infection. Disabled people and their careers need information on sexuality, sexual health and HIV which is appropriate and enables them to take action. Such information is often not relevant to disabled people's needs, or is not available

Believe in yourself : GET SEXY

BURKITT
1996

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This article discusses a range of issues facing disabled people and sexuality. Disabled people are not seen as 'sexy' in society and are not allowed to develop a sense of sexuality - for example through the media. Young disabled people may also lack adequate sex education and may be sheltered from developing their sexuality by over-protective parents

The sexual politics of disability : untold desires

SHAKESPEARE, Tom
GILLESPIE-SELLS, K
DAVIES, Dominic
1996

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This book attempts to explore the emotional and sexual experiences of disabled people in a variety of key areas, relying predominantly on the verbatim accounts of disabled people themselves

The mating game

AMATH, Eowyn
1996

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This article is a brief discussion of the problems that disabled people in the UK have in meeting and forming relationships with potential partners

Sex and disability

THESITE.ORG

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This section of the Thesite.org website provides sex and relationship information, support, and advice for young people with disabilities. Factsheets and articles cover the following topic areas: sex when you’re disabled; dating and practicalities; disability and sexual confidence; dating and disabilities. This resource is useful for youth people with disabilities who are interested in sex and disability issues

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