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Seeing the invisible: Sexuality-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior of children and youth with disabilities in China

SHANGHAI INSITITUTE OF PLANNED PARENTHOOD RESEARCH (SIPPR)
UNESCO
HUMANITY & INCLUSION (HI)
2019

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Young people with disabilities have the same right to Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) as their peers without disabilities, but their needs and rights are often overlooked. This study examines the SRH status of young people with disabilities in China. In particular, the study explored the sexuality-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of young people with disabilities as well as their access to sexuality-related information, education and services. The findings of the study are intended to provide evidence to support decision-making by government agencies, educators, development workers and other relevant stakeholders regarding developing and implementing disability-inclusive SRH and sexuality education policies and programmes for young people in China.

The study, using quantitative and qualitative methods, was conducted in 2015 among unmarried young persons aged 12 to 24 living with visual, hearing, physical and intellectual disabilities, in both urban and rural areas. The analysis was based on data collected through 707 completed valid questionnaires, 20 group interviews and 35 individual interviews with young people with disabilities, and individual interviews with 60 parents and teachers, along with one case study.

Young persons with disabilities: Global study on ending gender-based violence, and realising sexual and reproductive health and rights

McCLOSKEY, Megan
MEYERS, Stephen
July 2018

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This study provides an analysis on the situation of young persons with disabilities concerning discrimination and gender-based violence, including the impact on their sexual and reproductive health and rights. It also provides an assessment of legal, policy and programming developments and specific good practices in service delivery as well as best-standard prevention and protection measures. Finally, policy and programming recommendations are provided to assist in greater promotion of the rights of young persons with disabilities, with a particular emphasis on preventing and responding to gender-based violence, and realizing sexual and reproductive health and rights.

Everybody Matters: Good practices for inclusion of people with disabilities in sexual and reproductive health and rights programmes

Van SLOBBE, Caroline
November 2017

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This publication provides introductory chapters from two activists who work to create better opportunities for people with disabilities in Nigeria and India. Subsequently, the challenges that organisations worldwide have encountered whilst improving the access to and knowledge of sexual and reproductive health and rights for people with disabilities are presented. Ways in which they managed to find solutions and the results achieved are reviewed. Some cases show the importance of a more personal approach whilst others emphasise the advantage of changing systems and policies. Different regions, types of disabilities and various SRHR-topics are reflected in these stories. All cases provide lessons learnt that contribute to a set of recommendations for improved responses. The closing chapter highlights the challenges, solutions, and ambitions that are presented and lead up to a concise overview of recommendations.  

Good practice examples include:

A shift in SRH programming (Nepal)

Breaking Barriers with performance art (Kenya)

Her Body, Her Rights (Ethiopia)

People with disabilities leading the way (Israel Family Planning Association)

Best Wishes for safe motherhood (Nepal)

It’s my body! (Bangladesh)

Calling a spade a spade (Netherlands)

Four joining forces (Colombia)

Change agents with a disability (Zimbabwe)

Tito’s privacy and rights (Argentina)

Sign language for service providers (Kenya)

Zimbabwe sexual and reproductive health sign language dictionary

THE HIV AND AIDS MANAGEMENT AND SUPPORT ORGANIZATION (THAMASO-ZIMBABWE)
DISABILITY AND HIV AND AIDS TRUST(DHAT)
2012

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"The Dictionary includes an illustrated guide to signing and signing for individual letters, along with illustrations and descriptions for common words and for those new HIV/SRHR signs that have been developed, making it an invaluable reference for both those with hearing impairments and those without hearing challenges. The dictionary is suitable for use in educational institutions (schools, colleges and universities) as well as in health institutions such as hospitals, clinics and VCT centres. Counsellors and all staff working directly and indirectly in the HIV and SRHR sectors will find the dictionary most useful"

Sexuality education for individuals with autism spectrum disorders : critical issues and decision making guidelines

TRAVERS, Jason
TINCANI, Matt
June 2010

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"This paper presents one position in support of sexuality education for children and adolescents with ASD (autism spectrum disorders). The nature of human sexuality is discussed to provide a context for the rights of individuals with ASD to learn about their sexuality. Further justification for providing sexuality education in terms of the unique characteristics of this population is offered in conjunction with potential consequences of failing to provide sexuality education. Lastly, information regarding a decision-making process for sexuality education curriculum is presented, including the responsibilities of families and professionals providing sexuality education"
Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 45(2)

Women and health : today's evidence tomorrow's agenda

ABOUZAHR, Carla
DE ZOYSA Isabelle
GARCIA MORENO Claudia
Eds
2009

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This is a report on women and health - both women’s health needs and their contribution to the health of societies. Women’s health has long been a concern for the World Health Organization but today it has become an urgent priority. This report explains why. Using current data, it takes stock of what is known about the health of women throughout their lives and across the different regions of the world

Mobilising communities on young people’s health and rights : an advocacy training guide

FAMILY CARE INTERNATIONAL
June 2008

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"The Training Guide was developed as a tool for ‘Mobilising Communities for Young People’s Health and Rights: An Advocacy Toolkit for Programme Managers’, which is designed to assist programme planners and managers in designing, conducting, and evaluating advocacy campaigns to advance the implementation of existing policies, with a specific focus on young people’s sexual and reproductive health (SRH) and rights. The Training Guide was developed with the view that community-based advocacy is a crucial intervention, and that much more needs to be done to equip grassroots groups, networks, and organisations with the information and advocacy skills to demand that community needs and priorities be addressed. The Training Guide is specifically designed for use with community-based organisations, youth groups, and other grassroots partners that are interested in improving access to SRH information and services for youth. The five-day training leads participants through the essential steps in designing and planning an advocacy campaign. The Training Guide includes a number tools specifically designed to help grassroots partners formulate advocacy goals and objectives, and map out a comprehensive advocacy plan"

Resources on youth reproductive health and HIV/AIDS

Interagency Youth Working Group [IYWG]
2007

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A global resource providing materials designed for working with young people (aged 10 - 24) in developing countries. The website includes; training materials, research tools, guidance on key programme areas and best practice, a database of recent resources and websites for youth. IYWG is a network of 10 NGOs, donors and cooperating agencies. The website is supported by the US Agency for International Development and the content is overseen by Family Health International

The sexual heath needs of young people with learning disabilities

FRASER, Shirley
SIM, Judith
2007

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This briefing paper summarises the key findings from an evidence review on the sexual health and wellbeing of young people with learning disabilities. The review assimilates various forms of evidence, including the voices of young people themselves and emerging findings from practice. It also identifies a number of potential future actions that will help ensure that sexual health services and sex and relationships education are better able to meet the needs of young people with learning disabilities, as well as those of their parents and the professionals that support them

Family planning : a global handbook for providers

World Health Organization Department of Reproductive Health and Research (WHO/RHR)
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health/Center for Communication Programs (CCP), Info Project CCP
United States Agency for Inernational Development (USAID)
2007

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This is a quick-reference resource for health care workers at all levels. It reflects the family planning guidance developed by the WHO and expands on the coverage of 'The essentials of contraceptive technology' (CCP:1997) to address other needs of clients that come up during the course of family planning. Coverage includes different methods of contraception, sexually transmitted diseases, maternal and new born health, reproductive health issues, family planning provision and serving diverse groups; e.g. adolescents, men, and women near menopause . The handbook is one of the WHO's 'four cornerstones of family planning guidance'

Reproductive health outlook

PROGRAM FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH (PATH)
2004

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Provides summaries of research findings, programme experience and clinical guidelines related to key reproductive health topics, as well as analyses of policy and programme implications. Reproductive Health Outlook is designed for reproductive health programme managers and decision makers working in developing countries and low-resource settings

Gendering prevention practices : a practical guide to working with gender in sexual safety and HIV/AIDS awareness education

LEWIS, Jill
2003

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This manual lays out eight sessions, each with an array of diverse learning activities, for capacity building to help participants grasp the implications of working with gender in HIV prevention. The session themes are: Perceptions of gender, Ways of Understanding Gender, Key aspects of Gender for HIV prevention, Sex as a Gendered Activity, Gender and HIV, Embodying Change, A Sense of Working Together, Reviewing Gender issues in Context

Preventing HIV/AIDS and promoting sexual health among especially vulnerable young people

SHAW, Cathy
AGGLETON, Peter
July 2002

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This good practice guide introduces practitioners, policy-makers and researchers to two distinct but related concepts - risk and vulnerability. The guide explores how gender, race, culture, sexuality and social status all influence young people's experiences of sexual relationships and makes some more vulnerable to poor sexual health. Using case studies from Africa, Asia, Latin America and Europe, this resource sets out guidelines to inform work with especially vulnerable young people (including young people who sell sex, young people who inject drugs, and young migrants and refugees)

Rock y roles masculinos : usando la tecnología y la música para enseñarles a los hombres jóvenes sobre los papeles masculinos y la salud sexual y reproductiva|Rock and male roles : using technology and music to teach young men about gender roles and

2001

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A summary and review of a CD-ROM produced by APROFA - International Planned Parenthood, Western Hemisphere Region's affiliate in Chile. They developed 'Rock and Male Roles' to allow young men to explore their attitudes toward and behaviours around gender and sexual and reproductive health. The music video on the multi-educational CD-ROM is a visual representation of the struggle of young men to look critically at gender and how it influences their sexual and reproductive health. Utilising photos, reference documents, self-tests and MTV-style music videos, it serves to interact with and engage young men and encourage them to explore their attitudes and behaviours about these issues

Where women have no doctor : a health guide for women

BURNS, A. August
et al
1997

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Using simple language and hundreds of pictures, this book provides information on how a woman's body changes, and on monthly bleeding, and has chapters among others on health concerns of girls, mental health and violence against women

Working with young people on sexual health and HIV/AIDS : resource pack

APPROPRIATE HEALTH RESOURCES AND TECHNOLOGIES ACTION GROUP (AHRTAG)
1996

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This booklet contains brief descriptions of sexual health, sexuality and HIV for young people with and without disabilities. It highlights issues connected with communicating with young people on sexuality and HIV and sexual health. A list of training manuals, books and documents relating to sex and HIV is also included

Population and health infoshare

POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU

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Population and Health InfoShare is an electronic library of material submitted by over 100 partner organisations. It features documents in reproductive and child health, HIV/AIDS, population and related areas. The primary objectives of PH InfoShare are to increase access to important population and health information; provide a means for organisations to share and exchange information; and foster greater dissemination of research findings and lessons learned. For users, PH InfoShare affords easy access to population and health material. Users may access documents by visiting the website or by sending requests via e-mail. Additionally, users may subscribe to e-mail updates, specifying the material they want to receive by topic, region, and partner, or can email themselves documents that they have identified through searching the website. The search facility allows users to select a topic, language, region/country and partner organisation from drop-down lists

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