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Reaching truckers in Brazil with non-stigmatizing and effective HIV/STI services

CHINAGLIA, Magda
et al
May 2007

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In 2001, the Population Council conducted an assessment in Brazilian border areas, commissioned by the Brazilian Ministry of Health, with support from USAID/Brazil, to determine which populations were most in need of HIV prevention activities. The research findings in the southern region revealed the presence of an extremely mobile, international truck driver community with little or no access to HIV prevention, testing and treatment services. In response to this need, Horizons/Population Council implemented an operations research study focused on trucker drivers (2002-2005) in the south of Brazil. In collaboration with the administration of the customs stations, municipal and state STI and AIDS programmes, and Health Ministries, the investigators sought to examine the feasibility and impact of an HIV prevention project targeted at truckers crossing the southern border of Brazil

Research issues in sexual and reproductive health for low- and middle-income countries

DE FRANCISCO, Andres
DIXON-MUELLER, Ruth
D'ARCANGUES, Catherine
2007

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This paper outlines a conceptual framework and a number of thematic and cross-cutting research issues in sexual and reproductive health as a first step in a consultative process towards the identification of gaps and priorities for research in this field. The themes of social equity, poverty and gender addressed in this paper are of particular relevance to the field of sexual and reproductive health. So, too, are the challenges of collaborating with in-country partners to identify context-specific research priorities that address the many and varied dimensions of sexual and reproductive health and its determinants and correlates in order to build the evidence base and put policy and programmatic evidence into practice in low-resource settings

Tap and reposition youth (TRY) : providing social support, savings, and microcredit opportunities for young women in areas with high HIV prevalence

ERULKAR, Annabel
et al
March 2006

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Tap and Reposition Youth (TRY) was a multiphase initiative undertaken by the Population Council and K-Rep Development Agency (KDA), the oldest and largest microfinance institution in Kenya. The overall aim of the project was to reduce adolescents' vulnerabilities to adverse social and reproductive health outcomes, including HIV infection, by improving their livelihoods options. The project was launched in low-income and slum areas of Nairobi, Kenya, where rates of HIV infection are alarming and where young women are disproportionately affected

Adolescence in Pakistan : sex, marriage and reproductive health. The findings of research carried out into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan

HAMDANI, Insha
LEE-JONES, Louise
SADLER, Alan
February 2006

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Report of research into awareness of sexual and reproductive health and rights in Pakistan. The results of the research show that respondents had little SRH information to help them through the changes of adolescence, and cultural barriers exacerbate the problem. Girls were more likely to experience social restrictions and their options were limited, reflecting traditional cultural values. As a result of their participation in the research, however, many agreed that more information about menstruation could be beneficial to them

Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health : dynamic contextual analysis

CHALMERS, Helen
et al
January 2006

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This resource offers a new approach to understanding and developing work to meet the sexual and reproductive health needs of young people. After setting out the key principles which inform a Dynamic Contextual Analysis, the guide outlines the three main steps in carrying out such an assessment of needs and opportunities. Policy-makers, practitioners and researchers working to promote young people's sexual health in resource-constrained settings will find this resource particularly useful

Effective HIV/AIDS and reproductive health information to people with disabilities

MUNTHALI, Alister
MVULA, Peter
ALI, Sandra
2005

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This study is designed to explore and understand the sexual and reproductive health needs and experiences of people with disabilities, their perceptions about HIV/AIDS and how best information about HIV/AIDS can be communicated to people with various forms of disabilities. The study looks at channels of communication, knowledge of HIV/AIDS, sources of information about HIV/AIDS, awareness of sexually transmitted infections and family planning. It makes a number of recommendations for stakeholders in HIV work and the disability sector

Global health watch 2005-2006 : an alternative world health report

LEMA, Claudia
et al
2005

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This report is the result of a collaboration of leading popular movements, NGOs, activists, academics and health workers. It provides an evidence-based analysis of the political economy of health and health care and challenges policies and initiatives of global organisations including the World Bank, the World Health Organization and UNICEF. Many key issues relevant to health are covered, including health care services and systems, health of vulnerable groups, climate change, food and water, education, armed conflicts. Part E also provides and assessment of the impact global institutions, transnational corporations and rich countries. This report is a call for action, directed to health workers and activists and national and international policy-makers

Mexico : Forum 8. Book of abstracts

GLOBAL FORUM FOR RESEARCH
November 2004

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This collection contains abstracts of posters presented at the Mexico Forum 8, which aimed at addressing the "10/90 gap": less than ten per cent of research funds are devoted to 90 per cent of the world health needs. The forum gathered around 900 participants from 450 institutions in 109 countries. Participants represented governments, multilateral and bilateral aid agencies, international and national foundations and NGOs, women's organisations, research institutions and universities, the private sector and the media. Abstracts cover topics including health research, disease prevention, child mortality, maternal health, substance abuse, mental and neurological health

Expanding contraceptive options and access for youth

SCHOLL, Ed
FINGER, William
March 2004

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In a time when young people are increasingly at risk of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, the role of contraception in preventing these is crucial. This issue of YouthLens looks at how education, services and products can help protect youth against unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV. It stresses that young people should be targeted with appropriate messages

Youth and technology : IPPF/WHR experiences to promote sexual and reproductive health

INTERNATIONAL PLANNED PARENTHOOD FEDERATION. WESTERN HEMISPHERE REGION (IPPF/WHR)
2004

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This report evaluates the experience of member associations of the International Planned Parenthood, Western Hemisphere Region, in the development of programmes that use computer technologies to reach young people with sexual and reproductive health information. It identifies key issues for youth-and-technology projects and makes strategic recommendations for future development. The review of case studies from IPPF/WHR member associations in Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala and Peru provides important insight related to the preliminary effects of and lessons learned from the implementation of first-generation youth and technology projects in the region. Strategic recommendations for the development of second-generation projects in this area are also proposed

Promoting young people's sexual and reproductive health : stigma, discrimination and human rights

WOOD, Kate
AGGLETON, Peter
2004

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Stigma, discrimination and the violation of human rights impact on people's experiences of sexual relationships, and on practitioners' and policy-makers' ability to promote young people sexual health. This resource sets out how stigma and discrimination influence sexual health, identifies some principles of good practice, and introduces examples of innovative and effective practice with young people from Africa, Asia, Central and Latin America

Positive women : voices and choices. Zimbabwe report

FELDMAN, Rayah
MANCHESTER, Jo
MAPOSHERE, Caroline
2002

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This report is from a project led by HIV positive women, to explore the impact of HIV on their sexual behaviour, well-being, and reproductive rights, and to promote improvements in policy and practice. The report demonstrates that HIV positive women continue to have sexual feelings and enjoy sexual relationships after HIV diagnosis. Some had a strong desire to become mothers when they did not already have children at the time of diagnosis. The study also showed that most women had little or no knowledge of HIV transmission or risk before diagnosis. Most did not recieve adequate pre-test counselling and had encountered stigma from health care workers. A major achievement of the project was that the research process empowered the team leaders who carried out the project. All were women living with HIV and were elected from HIV support groups in Zimbabwe

Learning from what young people say... about sex, relationships and health

WARWICK, Ian
AGGLETON, Peter
December 2001

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Finding out what young people think helps to ensure that programmes and policies are more likely to meet their needs. The guide (developed to sit alongside the Dynamic Contextual Analysis resource) aims to support policy makers, programme planners and practitioners to find out more about young people's ideas, beliefs and feelings about sex, relationships and health. This toolkit sets out how to involve young people and other partners in this process, suggests ways to collect information, analyse it, and present it in a way that is likely to influence programmes and policy

Counselling guidelines on survival skills for people living with HIV

SOUTHERN AFRICAN AIDS TRAINING PROGRAMME (SAT)
2001

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This booklet advises counsellors on how to discuss survival skills with clients considering an HIV test and those living with HIV. Knowledge of suvival skills helps people accept a positive result, and following the positive living practices described helps people living with HIV to stay healthy. The booklet also addresses the counsellor's self-awareness and potential biases, and support services for counsellors

Going beyond research : a key issues paper raising discussion points related to dissemination, utilisation and impact of reproductive and sexual health research

ASKEW, Ian
MATTHEWS, Zoe
PARTRIDGE, Rachel
2001

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Focuses on applied or operations or health services research and reviews how this is implemented. Considers utlisation, communication and evaluation of research, in the field of reproductive and sexual health in particular. Reviews a range of methods useful for evaluating the impact of research

Taking young people seriously : report of findings of research about the work of NGOs on young people and sexual and reproducative health

POPULATION CONCERN
December 1998

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To raise awareness of the problems faced by young people with regard to sexual and reproductive health, two hearings of the All-Party Parliamentary Group on Population, Development and Reproductive Health were held. In preparation for these hearings, a questionnaire was circulated to key NGOs. This report presents the results of this survey

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