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Maternal and new-born care practices among disabled women, and their attendance in community groups in rural Makwanpur, Nepal

LEONARD CHESHIRE DISABILITY AND INCLUSIVE DEVELOPMENT CENTRE
2013

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This paper presents qualitative and quantitative research that describes the type and severity of disability of married women in the study area, describes their participation in community groups and analyses associations between maternal and new-born care behaviours and disability. Health workers and field researchers were also interviewed about their experience with disabled women in rural Makwanpur
Cross-cutting Disability Research Programme, Background Paper: 01

Keeping motherhood safe

May 2010

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This edition of Momentum contains articles on spacing births to reduce pregnancy-related complications, skilled birth attendants, medication to prevent eclampsia, supporting women's reproductive options, and vouchers for reproductive and maternity services

Better off dead? A report on maternal morbidity from the UK All Party Parliamentary Group on Population, Development and Reproductive Health

UK ALL PARTY PARLIAMENTARY GROUP ON POPULATION, DEVELOPMENT AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
May 2009

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This report makes a number of recommendations for the effective reduction of maternal morbidity. The recommendations made, in summary, are: increase political will; increase resources to sexual and reproductive health and rights; encourage equitable health care; work in partnership; improve sexual and reproductive health rights legislation and policies; make governments accountable

Progress for children : a report card on maternal mortality, number 7

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
September 2008

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This report describes global and regional progress in reducing maternal mortality and provides the latest statistics on Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 5 indicators for 192 countries and territories. Globally, the maternal mortality ratio declined from 430 deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 400 in 2005, with significant regional disparities. The report examines differences in progress between regions and within regions and describes lifetime risk by region and country. Reductions in maternal mortality have come far too slowly, particularly in those regions where the problem is most acute (such as sub-Saharan Africa). Current progress is not sufficient to achieve the MDG target of reducing the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015. This lack of progress has an enormous impact on children

HIV and AIDS

WELBOURN, Alice
HOARE, Joanna
Eds
2008

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This collection of articles is drawn largely from Oxfam's journal 'Gender & Development'. It looks at the underlying social, economic and political causes of HIV and AIDS and at the largely community-based responses to these challenges

Taking critical services to the home : scaling-up home-based maternal and postnatal care, including family planning, through community midwifery in Kenya

MWANGI, Annie
WARREN, Charlotte
2008

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This publication is the report of a project to scale-up a community-based model, in Kenya, that enabled women to give birth safely at home or be referred to a hospital when attended by a self-employed skilled midwife living in the community. The findings of the project were that community midwifery contributed to increasing the proportion of women assisted by skilled attendants during birth in the four districts in which the scheme was trialed, amounting to just under half of all skilled attended births in the districts. Although the skilled birth attendant rate in these districts was well below the national average of 42 percent, there was a steady increase in the proportion of attended deliveries since CMs were introduced in 2005. The districts also reported an increase in postnatal assessments in the first 48 hours and increase in immunization coverage

Tracking progress in maternal, newborn and child survival : the 2008 report

BRYCE, Jennifer
HARRIS REQUEJO, Jennifer
2008

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This report looks at progress on maternal and child survival, including country profiles on the 68 countries with the highest levels of maternal and child mortality, which account for 97 percent of maternal and child deaths. The report highlights progress, obstacles and solutions to achieving Millennium Development Goals 4 (child survival) and 5 (maternal health)

Maternal mortality in 2005 : estimates developed by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and the World Bank

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO)
et al
2007

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This report attempts to develop an estimate of international maternal mortality. A lack of reliable maternal mortality data has made it difficult to assess the extent of progress towards Millennium Development Goal 5. The report concludes that maternal mortality has decreased at an average of less than 1per cent annually between 1990 and 2005, far below the 5.5 per cent annual decline necessary to achieve the fifth Millennium Development Goal of reducing the maternal mortality ratio by three quarters between 1990 and 2015. Three previous attempts to estimate maternal mortality were made in 1990, 1995 and 2000

Maternal survival : improving access to skilled care. A behavior change approach

CHANGE
February 2005

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This summary is based on the CHANGE Maternal Survival Toolkit, available online at: www.changeproject.org and on CD-ROM. It explores ways of influencing behaviours and encouraging use of health services and health professionals during childbirth and the postpartum period. A number of factors can prevent pregnant women from accessing skilled care, often putting themselves and the child at risk. They include availability of health services and high costs but also, and crucially, local culture, family and community behaviours and traditional practices. The CHANGE Project's approach and this document stress locally appropriate, behaviour-based interventions that integrate what is happening in homes, communities and health facilities. This tool is aimed at organisations and individuals working in the field of mother and child health, and willing to look at maternal and child survival issues from a behaviour change perspective

Reproductive health outlook

PROGRAM FOR APPROPRIATE TECHNOLOGY IN HEALTH (PATH)
2004

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Provides summaries of research findings, programme experience and clinical guidelines related to key reproductive health topics, as well as analyses of policy and programme implications. Reproductive Health Outlook is designed for reproductive health programme managers and decision makers working in developing countries and low-resource settings

Making pregnancy safer : the critical role of the skilled attendant|a joint statement by WHO, ICM and FIGO

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION (WHO), DEPARTEMENT OF REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND RESEARCH
INTERNATIONAL CONFEDERATION OF MIDWIVES (ICM)
INTERNATIONAL FEDERATION OF GYNECOLOGY AND OBSTETRICS (FIGO)
2004

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This statement advocates for skilled care during pregnancy, childbirth and the immediate postnatal period. The statement defines clearly who is a skilled attendant, what skills she/he should have and how she/he should be trained and supported

AIDS action

HEALTHLINK WORLDWIDE
2003

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Aimed at health workers, educators and community workers, these resources provide practical information on a wide range of care, support and prevention issues concerning HIV, AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in a fully searchable format. The resources include training manuals, briefing papers and discussion guides (eg Men's sexual health matters, Steps to making sex safer, HIV and safe motherhood). Also included are the international editions of AIDS Action, a newsletter that was produced by Healthlink Worldwide between 1987 and 2001, and Dialogue on Diarrhoea, 1980-1995

Reproductive health

USAID AFRICA BUREAU. Office for Sustainable Development
2003

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A collection of briefings from USAID's Africa Bureau on their activities in various areas of reproductive health

Ensuring women's right to life - saving mother's lives [whole issue]

COMMUNICATION FOR HEALTH INDIA NETWORK (CHIN) SECRETARIAT
Ed
January 2003

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This issue of the newsletter throws light upon the violation of women`s right to life, moving towards reproductive health, Safe Motherhood, observance of National Safe Motherhood Day, information about an alliance for Safe Motherhood and activities of partners to advance the rights of the vulnerable groups

Reducing maternal mortality : learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe

KOBLINSKY, Marjorie
2003

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"To assist countries in their efforts to improve maternal health and reduce maternal mortality, the World Bank is publishing two volumes: Investing in Maternal Health: Learning from Malaysia and Sri Lanka, and Reducing Maternal Mortality: Learning from Bolivia, China, Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These two books offer success stories in improving health and reducing maternal mortality in a range of developing countries. The first book is based on the experiences of Malaysia and Sri Lanka during the past five to six decades. The second book discusses the more recent experiences of Bolivia, China (Yunnan), Egypt, Honduras, Indonesia, Jamaica, and Zimbabwe. These nine countries have made important strides in improving maternal health, and these two books outline what worked and what did not"

AIDS action : Asia-Pacific edition

HEALTH ACTION INFORMATION NETWORK (HAIN)
2002

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This CD-ROM contains issues 24-53 of AIDS Action Asia Pacific (AA-AP). AA-AP was a quarterly newsletter on HIV prevention and care, aimed at health workers, educators and community workers. Each issue of the newsletter has a thematic focus (eg, HIV drugs and diet, Traditional and alternative medicine, HIV and its impact on health workers). The newsletter was produced by Health Action Information Network (HAIN) in the Philippines between 1994 and 2001. It had a print run of 29,000 copies and reached 66 countries in south and south-east Asia and the Pacific region.

Maternal mortality and poverty

MATTHEWS, Zoë
2002

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This publication identifies three components of an effective strategy to reduce maternal mortality rates: a) The existence of an extensive midwifery cadre which is well trained, autonomous, and embedded in the referral system; b) Adequate facilities for institutional deliveries, and c) An implemented strategy to support widespread access to these services. The importance of access to care and services is stressed

Hidden suffering : disabilities from pregnancy and childbirth in less developed countries

ASHFORD, Lori
2002

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"This document discusses disabilities resulting from pregnancy and childbirth in less developed countries. It describes the causes of maternal disabilities as well as some of the major disabilities that may result from pregnancy- and childbirth-related complications, and presents the impact on infant and child health, consequences for families and societies, interventions to improve maternal health and the benefits of interventions"

Facts for life

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2002

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A comprehensive guide aiming to provide parents and other caregivers with the information they need to save and improve children's lives. Presents information in non-technical language so it can be understood and acted upon easily by people who do not have a scientific background. Though mostly about the diseases, infections and other factors that can slow or hinder children's growth and development, it also includes a section on 'child development and early learning' which describes what children need to develop socially, emotionally, physically and intellectually

Facts for life

UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S FUND (UNICEF)
2002

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This book aims to put lifesaving knowledge about children‘s health into the hands of those who need it most: parents, caregivers, health workers, government officials, journalists and teachers. This edition has updated information on safe motherhood, early childhood development, nutrition, HIV/AIDS and other major causes of childhood illnesses and death. In simple language, it emphasises practical, effective, low-cost ways of protecting children‘s lives and promoting their development

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