This briefing paper draws on a report by Julius Court and others entitled 'Policy engagement: how can civil society be more effective', also published by ODI. It examines the role of civil society organisations in poverty reduction strategies and looks at ways to enhance their influence on the policy making process. Inadequate knowledge about the policy making process, lack of resources, insufficient capacity and policy makers' mistrust of CSOs are the main obstacles to their full engagement in policy making. Effective approaches should entail: campaigning and implementation of pilot projects aimed at improving adverse political contexts; rigorous mapping and assessment of political contexts; identify critical policy stages; provide relevant and objective evidence; use effective communication methods and strategies; apply network approaches; engage in systematic capacity building
This key report takes a critical look at the US Global AIDS Strategy. It argues that responses to the crisis are not based upon evidence, but rather upon political and fundamentalist religious ideologies. The US AIDS strategy is critically reviewed section by section and evaluated according to evidence. The core assumptions in the strategy around prevention, treatment and funding mechanisms are challenged by the authors, who draw on evidence and data from a range of scientific and public health literature. The evidence overwhelmingly contradicts the assumptions on which the PEPFAR strategy is based, raising serious questions for those working those working to tackle the crisis
The purpose of this report is to inform policy makers about the significance of recent advances in evaluating evidence for allocating resources within mental health programmes
The aim of this research is to highlight problems with, and identify gaps in, the human development agenda as they relate to persons with disability in the City of Johannesburg. The research report also gives an overview of the methodologies applied.
The report is useful for organisations and persons who want to learn more about the situation of disabled persons in Johannesburg. Also it is of interest for researchers and organisations that are developing research methodology and policy
A report of the learning study carried out as part of the Building Digital Opportunities (BDO) programme.The study focuses on mapping the experiences of BDO partners with ICTs and poverty reduction in order to enable BDO partners to improve their understanding of the role of ICTs in poverty reduction and play a pro-poor role in multilateral forums like the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS). It draws on research into the use of information and communication technology in Mali, Uganda and Zambia, and examines progress in fulfilling BDO's global objective to ensure that such technology contributes to the achievement of the 8 Millenium Development Goals and 17 Millenium Development Targets
This workshop report summarises presentations and discussion addressing issues such as: how can the learning and social/organisational change function of evaluation best be balanced with the control/accountability function? How can what we learn feed debate and change processes within organisations, among partners and in society at large? What linkages exist between the different levels? How can evidence from evaluations help spur national debate on policy options for development and motivate home-grown change processes?
An extensive annotated bibliography of 100 documents relevant to 'bridging research and policy'. Mainstream literature is supplemented with alternative viewpoints. The bibliography has been divided into three key themes ('bridging research and policy: the political context', 'the actors: networks, organisations, individuals', 'the message and the media'), including 'new' subject areas that may be useful (eg social psychology, media studies, marketing and communication). The entries are listed alphabetically by author, and then cross-indexed by theme, and by academic discipline
An exploration of the links between research and policy-making with the aim of finding some simple research tools to promote evidence-based policy that contributes to poverty reduction.
Recommends a historical, contextual and comparative methodology to consider the real-life links between institutional settings, a range of political and contextual influences, and power relations.
Identifies a range of bureaucratic pressures such as: the urge to simplify, due to resource shortages; ‘giantism’ - the bigger the budget, the greater the status; inflexible long-term project planning; fierce competition for funding - discouraging collaboration.
Also considers the role of different communication channels, their effectiveness and credibility, and the chains of accountability and legitimacy that link NGOs, researchers and policy makers.
Concludes that research is more likely to have an influence if it fits the political and institutional limits and pressures of policy makers; if researchers and policy-makers share networks in particular policy areas; outputs are based on local involvement and credible evidence and are communicated via the most appropriate communicators.
Finally advocates more research to track some historical examples of key policy decisions and the influences upon them
This publication is aimed at assisting national statistical offices and other producers of disability statistics to improve the collection, compilation and dissemination of disability data. The document addresses methodological issues in the area of disability by providing guidelines and principles related to data collection, through surveys and censuses and also on the compilation, dissemination and usage of data on disability.
This paper aims to indroduce health policy makers and planners to the concept of gender, and its role in health and health policy and in programme development. It shifts away from 'women in development' to explore 'gender and development', in other words approaching gender as a social rather than a biological idea. It aims to present an accessible review of the literature on gender and health
This website is a resource for researchers to aid them in changing policy by directly accessing and communicating with policy makers. The website has three components. One is a database of case studies documenting the process of getting research into practice. This gives an opportunity to researchers to share their experiences. The second section (on the left hand side of the website) comprises links to web pages for each component of the GRIPP process, giving examples of factors to consider and directions to resources relating to each step of the process. The third aspect of the website is a list of more general GRIPP related resources and a place where it is hoped that researchers will contribute comments related to both the content and activities of the website
This website for ODI's Research and Policy in Development (RAPID) programme provides a range of information on the use of research and evidence in development policy and practice. The site includes lessons from the programme so far, current and past projects, bibliographies, and links to related work. The RAPID programme aims to improve the use of research in development policy and practice through improved knowledge about research-policy links; improved knowledge management and learning systems; improved communication; and improved awareness of the importance of research. It addresses the role of evidence in policy processes; improved communication and information systems for policy and practice; and approaches to institutional development for evidence-based policy
The aims of this website are: to improve the understanding of the public policy decision-making process, including the different ways in which public policy decisions and decision making contexts can be categorized; to improve the understanding of the factors that influence policy decision-making, including ideas (research knowledge, other types of information and values), interests, and institutions; and to derive concrete implications for research funders, research organisations, knowledge brokers, and policy decision-makers about how best to transfer and facilitate the uptake of research knowledge in policy decision-making environments. The site's "What we've learned" section is divided into seperate parts for research funders, for research organisations, for knowledge brokers and for policy decision-makers
Source e-bulletin on Disability and Inclusion