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Human Rights
December 2014

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Malezi AIDS Care Awareness Organization (MACAO) is a non-profit organization reaching out to neglected Indigenous people in Ngorongoro District, Arusha Region of Northern Tanzania.  Macao founded in 2003, Macao is a humanitarian organization that provides assistance to approximately 200,000 Indigenous Maasai community in Ngorongoro district for addressing needs of water and sanitation, food security, health Care Research, Education, Research environment, Maasai Traditional Research, Human Rights and sustainable economic development by strengthening their livelihoods.  In addition to responding to major relief situations, MACAO focuses on long-term community development through over 4 Area Development Project. We welcome the donors and volunteers to join us in this programs, we are wolking in ruro villages.

Mainstreaming disability in disaster management : a toolkit

HANS, Asha
et al

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The toolkit promotes an understanding of the main issues and concerns from the perspective of people with disabilities in the context of disasters and provides an understanding for integration and mainstreaming. The comprehensive toolkit provides a step by step approach for the inclusion of disability in disaster management. 

  • It provides the user with a resource to help plan in mainstreaming disability in disaster management
  • A guidance note, which summarizes the mainstreaming needs and enables users to understand them from the perspective of a Person with Disability.
  • A guidance on the most appropriate methodology to be adopted for including disability in the disaster management process, to monitor and evaluate it; a good practice scenario and a road map.
  • A checklist for use and FAQs are provided in the last section. Section wise essential readings and a reference, which refers specifically to the issue, has been provided to give the background and deeper understanding. Most of these are accessible through the Internet. At the end of the document additional references are provided. This section refers to the most important writings, handbooks and guidelines available. As very few resources have been developed on the subject, generic material has been included

​This toolkit is intended for use by policy makers, government officials, members of Panchayati Raj Institutions, non-government organisations, disabled peoples organisations and disaster management practitioners

Genocide by denial : how profiteering from HIV/AIDS killed millions


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This open access book charts the spread of AIDS and its impact on people in villages in Uganda, sub-Saharan Africa and the rest of the world and the unnecessary numbers of deaths, particularly among poor people that it has caused. It also looks at the campaign to gain universal access to anti-retroviral therapy and the limited level of response from the rich world. The author challenges pharmaceutical companies to develop more ethical and humanitarian ways to trade, involving crucial life-saving drugs, and calls for a new world order to ensure entitlement of the poor to rapid humanitarian relief

Disability in emergency : accessing general assistance and addressing specific needs

May 2007

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This article provides general information about why people with disabilities are vulnerable and highlights Handicap International’s emergency responses including details about Disability Focal Points (DFP). It concludes by making inclusive recommendations to other emergency actors. This article is useful for people interested in disability in emergency situations
VOICE out loud, Issue 5

World disasters report 2007 : focus on discrimination

KOUPPARI, Nicholas
MUKHIER, Mohammed

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This comprehensive resource examines how vulnerable groups including people with disabilities, women and girls, the elderly, and minority groups are further marginalised in disaster situations. This work examines the extent to which these groups are overlooked domestically, regionally and globally. The aim is to stimulate debate and encourage governments and relief agencies to reassess their emergency plans and improve access for all

Rebuilding lives in longer-term emergencies : older people's experience in Darfur


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This report draws on experiences of working in West Darfur and in comparable protracted emergencies to suggest ways to identify and respond to these longer-term needs among older people and their families. It also advocates for the integration of ..."work with older people into a broader cross-generational approach that helps to build the capacity of communities affected by protracted conflict and violence, so that they can function effectively beyond the period of the crisis"

Ageing and emergencies [whole issue]

December 2005

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Older people are often among those who suffer most the devastating impact of emergencies. They have also the potential to make vital contributions, such as looking after orphans and vulnerable children. This issue suggests ways and tools aimed at: addressing the invisibility of older people; improving their access to relief; finding out who needs most help; and using older people's knowledge and skills to support relief efforts and help the peace-building process in post-conflict settings. Includes a list of key resources around ageing and emergencies

Emergencies and disability


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This Key list highlights essential information resources on disability in emercency situations. During emergency situations, either due to conflict or natural disaster, there is need to include disabled people in the planning of humanitarian responses, for example in providing shelter, sanitation, health care, food and education. In the short-term, emergency situations can cause injury and malnutrition, leading to disability. In the longer term, destruction to health and education services can lead to higher rates of disease, and for example, lower rates of vaccination, which again can result in disability. In post-war situations, landmines can remain for generations after a war has ended, and mental health problems can also persist in war-affected populations for many years. This key list gathers overview articles, manuals for emergency planning and case studies about disabled persons in emergency situations

On the front line : a review of policies and programmes to address HIV/AIDS among peacekeepers and uniformed services

August 2003

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Paper documents two aspects of UNAIDS' Global Initiative on HIV/AIDS and Securtiy, which focuses on mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS in three core areas: a) international security, with the focus on supporting HIV/AIDS interventions within UN peacekeeping operations; b) national security, targeting uniformed services; and c) humanitarian response, which focuses on vulnerable populations in crisis situations and humanitarian workers. This publication looks at the cases of peacekeeping and national uniformed services

Unveiling darkness : situation analysis on disaster and disability issues in the coastal belt of Bangladesh


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The objective of this study was to study the situation of disabled people living in the coastal belt of Bangladesh to find out the understanding of local people on disabiliy issues; study the soci-economic status of disabled people; and analyse the situation of disabled people immediately before, during and after natural disasters

Patronage or partnership : local capacity building in humanitarian crises


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This book reviews recent experiences in strengthening local institutions, governmental and non-governmental alike, in six countries on five continents. It examines various aspects of the tensions between international initiatives to save lives or to reconstruct the fabric of societies, and the parallel and sometimes competing international commitment to "capacitation" - to building longer term skills locally. The last chapter reviews the case studies and attempts to draw out the learning in terms of conceptual, operational, political and motivational issues


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