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Virtual change : indicators for assessing the impact of ICTs in development

FEEK, Warren

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New ways of working and approaches to technology have led communication for development specialists to re-examine the social embeddedness of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and how we assess their impact. The earliest discourse on ICTs for development focused on the issue of access and capacity building (and latterly content) However, in some areas the ICT revolution served only to widen existing economic and social gaps prompting communication for development specialists and others to argue that that if the opportunities offered by ICTs are to be realised, poor people must be active determinants of the process, not just passive onlookers or consumers. Access and use of ICTs are relevant therefore to the degree that they enable people to participate in and influence society

The straight talk campaign in Uganda : impact of mass media initiatives

et al
September 2007

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This summary report presents the findings of an evaluation of the Straight Talk mass media communication programmes to inform youth in Africa about sexual and reproductive health, which have been implemented in Uganda since 1993. The campaign was delivered through a radio show and two newspapers - one aimed at primary school children and one at secondary school students

Electronic resources on HIV and AIDS

Source International Information Support Centre

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This is a list of key electronic resources, delivered by CD-ROM or online, as part of HIV and AIDS information and communication. E-resources include major portals and institutional websites, online databases, e-mail forums and e-newsletters

Soul City

January 2006

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The Soul City Institute for Health and Development Communication (SC IHDC) is a social change project which aims to impact on society at the individual, community and socio-political levels. SC IHDC is South Africa's premier edutainment project. The webiste includes details and publications about all major Soul City projects, including evaluation reports, advocacy material and training material

Converging ICTs for health in development


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This Key list highlights essential information resources on the use of information and communication technologies in the health sector. The range of information and communication technologies is broadening and new advances are finding useful applications in the health sector. However, their deployment in developing countries is often hampered by barriers such as low connectivity and ICT literacy. ‘Older’ media such as radio remain comparatively more accessible and reliable, proving their continuing relevance as strategic tools for health communication. Far from the new technologies replacing the old, there is strong evidence of technological convergence, with, for example, online broadcasting reaching wider audiences and Internet content being repackaged for radio listeners. Technological solutions in developing countries should be responsive to local needs and priorities and consistent with the available enabling environment, infrastructure and capacity. The analysis and case studies highlighted in this list support the idea that combining new and older technologies enhances local ownership and maximises the impact of ICT in the health sector

Voices for change : tuning in to community radio [whole issue]

November 2005

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This issue of ID21 highlights the role of community media, and especially community radio. Through case studies and brief analytical articles, it examines some of the political, legal and regulatory challenges to the sustainability of community radio, and the difficulty of assessing the social impact of this sector

Building community on the airwaves

September 2005

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The article shares the impact that Anna Radio in Chennai, the country's first community radio has had two years down the line on the community. Although it is gaining popularity their aim is to make programmes with the cheapest resources available and getting a community to decide on the content. The focus areas are education, health, environment, women's issues and community development. There are live phone-ins from two slum colonies to discuss day-to-day civic or social problems including drinking water shortage, bad roads and transport. Other programmes are aimed at improving quality of life including teaching the slum dwellers to engage their time creating art from scrap and speak about this empowering experience

ICD media assistance workshop

July 2005

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This document reports on a one-day workshop on media assistance at DFID, which aimed to raise the profile of media for development, to share media assistance strategies and good practice in the development communications sector, and to chart a way forward for DFID and the wider development community. The report documents the main issues raised at the workshops

Mass media interventions for promoting HIV testing

et al

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A systematic review to assess the effect of mass media interventions and the most effective form of mass media intervention at a general population level or in specific target populations, in relation to changes in HIV testing, compared with a control group or with pre-intervention levels. Demonstrates that mass media campaigns designed to raise awareness of HIV and AIDS have shown immediate and significant effects in the promotion of voluntary counseling and testing for HIV. However no significant long-term effect was demonstrated. This may have been due to the short duration of the campaigns. Further research is needed to identify the impact of mass media campaigns, their cost effectiveness, and types of campaigns and message characteristics. In addition, more studies are needed to explore new media strategies for the long term

Community television for the poor : a scoping study. Final technical report. The one to watch, literally?

et al

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A technical report on the use of community television. The purpose of the research was to explore the opportunities presented by digital convergence for locally produced and broadcast integrated television and radio for development education, development communication strategies and local content capture among the poor. The research confirms the starting premises of the research, that community radio is known to have strong developmental benefits; that there is a strong trend towards television, even among the poor; and that there will be new opportunities for audiovisual media presented by digital convergence. The report concludes that community television could play a huge role in empowering local communities

Evaluation Soul City Series 6


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Relying the importance of using new methods to inform people, Soul City uses edutainment - entertainment used for educational and health promotion purposes - to raise awareness about HIV and AIDS. The organisation produces a TV and a radio drama as well as print booklets. The sixth series of Soul City consisted of television drama, radio drama and print materials dealing with the issues of AIDS and children, xenophobia, asthma, depression and adult learning. This report presents the survey methodology and findings of an evaluation carried out by an external agency

Gender and ICTs for development : a global sourcebook

VALK, Minke

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This book aims to document and analyse emerging experiences in the field of gender, ICT and develoment, and addresses policy, programmatic and theoretical issues and debates. Case studies explore the use of satellites, mobile telephones, wireless networks and applications such as Internet, email, distance learning, teleworking, digital radio and video. Some conclusions from the case studies are that: ICTs are not gender-neutral, because women seek to use them to break out of systematic discrimmination, and even gender violence; women use ICTs transform low-tech projects into more strategic initiatives that address gender inequities; links to policy and control of communication networks, of both new and conventional media are evident. The editors argue that there is a need to go beyond simply "women and technology" to focus on gender relations in communication and learning

Radio broadcasting for health : a decision makers' guide

SKUSE, Andrew
July 2004

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This DFID issues paper examines the contribution of community, national and international radio to health programmes in the developing world. It contextualises the relevance of radio as a strategic tool of human development and poverty reduction, examines its use by poor people, and advocates a people-centred and rights-based approach to health communications. It addresses a range of issues from the role of formative research and evaluation and the development of health messages, to a range of format options widely used in health broadcasting. It also examines the community, public and international radio sectors and in the process highlights a range of opportunities and constraints that these sectors face. Likewise, it highlights key synergies and linkages that could be enhanced to improve access to health information for radio producers, the poor, the 'at risk' and the vulnerable. In doing so, this paper raises a number of critical questions about capacity development, social mobilisation, and using radio in conjunction with other technologies such as the Internet and email

Communicating for advocacy [whole issue]


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This issue of Health Alert was conceptualized as an offshoot of the Communicating for Advocacy (CfA) Project of Healthlink Worldwide together with its partner organisations in Asia, including HAIN-Philippines. It features articles showing the importance of advocacy in NGO activities to influence polices and advance their cause. It presents some of the basic concepts in advocacy and working with the media. It particularly features the advocacy work and experiences of some of the CfA partner organisations in Sri Lanka (advocacy project on rational drug use), Cambodia (use of radio and soap opera to promote SRH), Bangladesh (advocacy on disability issues) and the Philippines (advocacy project of the Save the Abra River Movement)

Support for technical media in Iraq


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This booklet outlines 'Support for Technical Media in Iraq', a project designed and led by the British Council and the BBC World Service Trust. The project provided discussion and learning opportunities for media workers such as cameramen, sound engineers and lighting crews. The document discusses issues around the media sector in Iraq and the challenges ahead

Taru - India


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This article explores a radio soap drama which began airing Bihar, India, in February, 2002. In addition to other goals, it was designed to promote small family size and HIV/AIDS prevention. The project is a collaborative effort of Population Communications International (PCI), an international NGO that works with in-country partners to promote sexual and reproductive health and sustainable development through entertainment-education; Janani, an NGO providing reproductive health care in the Indian states of Bihar and Madhya Pradesh; All India Radio, the Indian national radio network and Ohio University, who designed and conducted independent monitoring and evaluation of the programme. The combination of partners in methodology, service delivery, scriptwriting, broadcast, research and evaluation, contribute to the programme's design and potential strength

ICT for development case studies : Central America|Estudios de caso TIC para el desarrollo

OP DE COUL, Maartje
December 2003

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The BDO programme aims to address key barriers and opportunites for ICTs in achieving development targets. As part of the BDO programme a series of case studies have been conducted by OneWorld International to help give decision makers a clear understanding of how civil society is actually using information and communication technologies, and what their impact is. The Central America case studies look at a technoclub for young people, a feminist radio station and a cultural video production project in Costa Rica; and a website for agricultural workers, telecentre and internet portal on deomcratisation, an anti-corruption project, and a project focusing on human rights of homosexuals in El Salvador

Nepal starts Asian broadcasts with HIV/AIDS and development programming

June 2003

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This web article from the UNDP Newsfront details a programme started in June 2003, which uses satellite digital radio broadcasts to reach rural communities in Nepal with locally produced programmes. They give valuable information on HIV, AIDS and gender issues through a new initiative by UNDP and several other partners. Shows on early childhood development and micro-finance are being developed



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